Bottom Up Indonesian Internet Infrastructure Onno W. Purbo Onno@indo.net.id Independent IT Writer
Important Key Factor Human Community Society NOT Technology NOT $$$
Overview Commercial ISP Development Historical View & Tech. Aspects Internet Community Development Major Achievements No backup from World Bank, IMF, ADB Bottom-up Community based Sustainable development
Key Strategies Human factor is the most important KEY. Provide Free Education to the Society Copyleft & Copywrong movement http://www.bogor.net/idkf/ http://pandu.dhs.org/ Free? How about the reward? God provides reward in unimaginable ways.
ISP Indonesia Internet Exchange ISP GLOBAL INTERNET APJII – IIX (GCC TELKOM)
Some grassroots movements Internet Café High Speed Wireless Internet (11- 54Mbps)
Indonesian Internet Cafes 2000+ Internet Cafes Mostly self-finance Hangout at asosiasi- firstname.lastname@example.org- email@example.com Fight for expanding own network & concept towards community based network.
Indonesian Internet Café Access Cost for Public Users Rp. 5000 / hour. Access Cost for Students at Schools Rp. 5000 / month Return of Investment 1-2 Years (no WB, no IMF, no ADB, no GoI funding) Internet Café is an affordable solution for Indonesian to access the Internet. It may enable 20+ million Indonesian to Internet in next 4-5 years.
Indonesian Wireless Internet Close to 1000 corporate users Uses 11Mbps (soon 54Mbps) wireless connection 2.4GHz (soon at 5-5.8GHz) Hangout firstname.lastname@example.org@yahoogroups.com Fight for free frequency license
Historical View Social (human) Aspects Technological Aspects
Access Behavior Search engine & webmail are the the most accessed site. News & online media are next. Indonesian pornographic site is next in the row (not much). 2.98% users normally mistype the URL. Yahoo.com & its family is the most (13%) accessed site.
Indonesian Internet Communities http://www.yahoogroups.com http://groups.yahoo.com http://groups.plasa.com Survey done at yahoogroups.com
Summary.. Copyleft & copywrong movement done by many volunteers (not the govt) really help in providing knowledge to the society & enable them to build their own infrastructure. Wireless Internet & Internet café technology is the key infrastructure. Most of the infrastructure are self-finance with no WB, IMF & ADB involvement. Govt of Indonesia most of the time claim our sucesses & ask for funding to donor agencies.