Presentation on theme: "Bottom Up Indonesian Internet Infrastructure Onno W. Purbo Independent IT Writer."— Presentation transcript:
Bottom Up Indonesian Internet Infrastructure Onno W. Purbo Independent IT Writer
Important Key Factor Human Community Society NOT Technology NOT $$$
Overview Commercial ISP Development Historical View & Tech. Aspects Internet Community Development Major Achievements No backup from World Bank, IMF, ADB Bottom-up Community based Sustainable development
Key Strategies Human factor is the most important KEY. Provide Free Education to the Society Copyleft & Copywrong movement Free? How about the reward? God provides reward in unimaginable ways.
Society Education Process
Involving Many Volunteers.. Michael Sunggiardi (Bogor) I Made Wiryana (Germany) Umar Tjokroaminoto (Medan) Adi Nugroho (Makassar) Irwin Day (Makassar) Ismail Fahmi (Bandung) Etc …
Basic strategy in short.. Either lead or follow but please dont block the road for those who would move forward … Phil Karn at Qualcomm, one of the Wireless Internet guru.
Commercial Internet Development
Commercial ISPs APJII = Indonesian ISP Association IndoNet the first Indonesian commercial ISP in 1994.
APJII Membership 150+ Principal License Holder 80 Member APJII 40+ active in providing services 100+ cities, all provinces Common Facilities APJII IIX APJII IDNIC Domain Registration & NIR (APNIC)
Principal & Operational License
Targeted Total Indonesian Internet Users
ISP Indonesia Internet Exchange ISP GLOBAL INTERNET APJII – IIX (GCC TELKOM)
Some grassroots movements Internet Café High Speed Wireless Internet (11- 54Mbps)
Indonesian Internet Cafes Internet Cafes Mostly self-finance Hangout at asosiasi- Fight for expanding own network & concept towards community based network.
Indonesian Internet Café Access Cost for Public Users Rp / hour. Access Cost for Students at Schools Rp / month Return of Investment 1-2 Years (no WB, no IMF, no ADB, no GoI funding) Internet Café is an affordable solution for Indonesian to access the Internet. It may enable 20+ million Indonesian to Internet in next 4-5 years.
Indonesian Wireless Internet Close to 1000 corporate users Uses 11Mbps (soon 54Mbps) wireless connection 2.4GHz (soon at 5-5.8GHz) Hangout Fight for free frequency license
Historical View Social (human) Aspects Technological Aspects
Network Topology: Jan 1993
Homebrew Radio Modem
Software & PC based 286 & only Freeware network operating system (NOS) Downloadable from ftp://ftp.ucsd.edu/hamradio/packet/ ftp://ftp.ucsd.edu/hamradio/packet/
AI3 Indonesia: 1997 AI3 Indonesia IIX WIDE AI3 S-One / SingaREN vBNS STARTAP CA*net3 TransPAC APAN
Current Technology Push Wireless Internet 11-54Mbps Estimated cost US$150 / unit Unlicensed band 2.4Ghz, 5-5.8GHz Build own network, no Telco!
Two Way Satellite
Success Factor Community based development. Human Resource Development Culture! Shifting mind set! Self-financing. Human is the key factor!
Access Behavior Source: Adi Nugroho 50% Internet Café in Makassar, Sulawesi January 2002.
Access Behavior Search engine & webmail are the the most accessed site. News & online media are next. Indonesian pornographic site is next in the row (not much). 2.98% users normally mistype the URL. Yahoo.com & its family is the most (13%) accessed site.
Indonesian Internet Communities Survey done at yahoogroups.com
Historical Perspective 90: 96: 99:
Evaluate yahoogroups.com Indonesian mailing lists Mostly <100 subscribers Evaluate only >100 subscribers
Evaluation Total mailing list49913 Evaluated30195 (60.5%) Mailing list > 100 subs1247 (4.2%)
Summary.. Copyleft & copywrong movement done by many volunteers (not the govt) really help in providing knowledge to the society & enable them to build their own infrastructure. Wireless Internet & Internet café technology is the key infrastructure. Most of the infrastructure are self-finance with no WB, IMF & ADB involvement. Govt of Indonesia most of the time claim our sucesses & ask for funding to donor agencies.