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Do Now Label the following as element or compound:  Mg  O 2  H 2 SO 4  FI Find the number of atoms in the following elements/compounds:  Mg  O 2.

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Presentation on theme: "Do Now Label the following as element or compound:  Mg  O 2  H 2 SO 4  FI Find the number of atoms in the following elements/compounds:  Mg  O 2."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Do Now Label the following as element or compound:  Mg  O 2  H 2 SO 4  FI Find the number of atoms in the following elements/compounds:  Mg  O 2  H 2 SO 4  FI

3 The Octet Rule Key Point #1: The octet rule says that atoms are most stable (happy) when they have 8 valence electrons

4 The Octet Rule - Review We’ve talked about ions before – how atoms will gain or lose electrons in order to get eight valence electrons An atom that has gained an electron has a negative charge An atom that has lost an electron has a positive charge

5 Key Point #2: Copy the chart on the board This chart is an easy reference to see what type of ion an element will form

6 But why? Key Point #3: For atoms in groups 1, 2 and 13, it is easier to lose electrons. For atoms in groups 14, 15, 16, and 17, it is easier to gain electrons.

7 Why do I need to review this information on ions? So we can predict how atoms will bond together. Watch this…

8 Just in time for Halloween! There is a TRICK to figure out what the ionic compound between a metal and a nonmetal will be.

9 Kris Kross Method! Ca 3 As 2 Ca 2+ As 3-

10 Key Point #4: Kriss Kross Method: Write down the stable ions and cross the charges to make them subscripts Na 1+ Cl 1- NaCl Li 1+ O 2- Li 2 O

11 Use the charges: Group Charge

12 Which charge ALWAYS comes first? POSITIVE!!

13 Guided Practice WHITEBOARDS! I will put a problem on the board. On your whiteboard, use the KRISS KROSS method to determine the compound

14 K F Ba N Ga O Ca Cl K Si Co I

15 K 1+ F 1- Ba N Ga O Ca Cl K SiCo I

16 KF Ba N Ga O Ca Cl K SiCo I

17 KF Ba 2+ N 3- Ga O Ca Cl K SiCo I

18 KF Ba 3 N 2 Ga O Ca Cl K SiCo I

19 KF Ba 3 N 2 Ga 3+ O 2- Ca Cl K SiCo I

20 KF Ba 3 N 2 Ga 2 O 3 Ca Cl K SiCo I

21 KF Ba 3 N 2 Ga 2 O 3 Ca 2+ Cl 1- K SiCo I

22 KF Ba 3 N 2 Ga 2 O 3 CaCl 2 K SiCo I

23 KF Ba 3 N 2 Ga 2 O 3 CaCl 2 K 1+ Si 4- Co I

24 KF Ba 3 N 2 Ga 2 O 3 CaCl 2 K 4 SiCo I

25 K F Ba N Ga O Ca Cl K Si Co I You don’t know about transition metals! So.. the problem must tell you the number of electrons. Cobalt (II) means that Cobalt gives up 2 electrons

26 K F Ba N Ga O Ca Cl K Si Co 2+ I 1-

27 K F Ba N Ga O Ca Cl K Si CoI 2

28 Independent Practice Room should be silent during independent practice 1. For each pair find the STABLE ION 2. Kris Kross! A. Mg O B. Na Br C. Rb P D. Be F E. Ca S

29 Exit Slip 1. For each pair find the STABLE ION 2. Kris Kross! A. K Cl B. Li N C. Ca O Homework! Writing formulas worksheet. Use the KRISS KROSS method to complete Due tomorrow


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