4Examples Collect taxes and borrow money Regulate foreign and interstate commerceCoin money and regulate its valueCreate federal courtsRegulate immigration and naturalization
5Implied PowersThese are Congressional powers not stated specifically in the Constitution but suggested by the Constitution’s necessary and proper clause.This clause is also called the elastic clause.
6Examples of Implied Powers Congress sets a federal minimum wage.Congress established the United States Air Force. Congress creates federal laws against pollution.
7Non-legislative Powers These are powers that enable the government to operate more effectively and help Congress serve as a check on the other branches of government.
8Examples of Non-Legislative Powers Ratify treaties (Senate)Approve Presidential appointments (Senate)Propose amendments to the Constitution (House or Senate)Bring impeachment charges against federal officials (House)