# Scope This presentation is designed as an introduction to the Dewey Decimal System for third and fourth grade students. After the presentation, students.

## Presentation on theme: "Scope This presentation is designed as an introduction to the Dewey Decimal System for third and fourth grade students. After the presentation, students."— Presentation transcript:

Scope This presentation is designed as an introduction to the Dewey Decimal System for third and fourth grade students. After the presentation, students will have a better understanding of how non-fiction books are organized in a Media Center. Students will be able to locate books for information and pleasure. Students will not see this slide. Students will sit at a table where I will have different pictures. Students will work in their groups to sort the pictures in a way that makes sense to them. Each group will explain how they sorted. Next, I will have students sort pictures on the Promethean Board. They can click and drag to sort the pictures into categories. Then I will move into the DDS and its arrangement.  I will have pictures set up with a chart of categories that relate to the DDC system. Students will move the pictures into the correct category. I will then begin this slide show that relates to the categorizing of the items they just saw. ELA3R4 The student uses a variety of strategies to gain meaning from grade-level text. The studenta. Reads a variety of texts for information and pleasure.

Dewey Decimal Classification

Why Study the DDC? We will look at the Dewey Decimal Classification System to learn how materials are organized in the Media Center. This will help you to know where to find materials you need for class and for pleasure reading.

Review - What is Fiction?
Made-up stories Stories that are not real Most have call number starting with FIC (for Fiction) Some fiction is located in the 398 and 811 sections of the Dewey Decimal System FIC LEV Click on Ella Enchanted for a review. Remind students that FICTION stands for books that are NOT true. Non-Fiction is for things that ARE true. You only use NO one time for each one. NON-Fiction= true, Fiction = NOT true. 811 JOS 398.2 BAR

What is Non-Fiction? Books that tell you about real things
Books that give facts Information about different subjects such as plants, space, dolphins Mention things that students ask for a lot. Mrs. Jensen’s class is interested in Rocks. Mr. Perry’s class is interested in space. Mention also that it is very important to keep things in the correct order because it is difficult to find what you are looking for if someone has put it in the wrong place.

What is Non-Fiction? Folktales, fairy tales and poetry are considered non-fiction even though they aren’t true Subject of book determines what its call number is This can be confusing. The way I try to remember it is that it is not true but it is literature. One example is the different versions of Cinderella. There are different versions that are from different countries. They are not on the shelf all together but are categorized with the country the story originates from.

Meet Melvil Dewey Born in 1851
Father taught him to make shoes and boots by hand Very good at math (could solve problems in his head) Melvil Dewey was a very interesting man. He loved order and logic.

Meet Melvil Dewey Started working on the system at 21 as a library clerk in college Helped start the American Library Association in 1876 Died in 1931 He was very smart and wanted to do things quickly. My teacher even told me that he shortened his name to DUI. He also stopped capitalizing the letters in titles because it saved him a keystroke.

Dewey Decimal System Created by Melvil Dewey in 1872
Most widely used system in the world System for putting books together by subject 10 different divisions (or sections) Makes it easier to find what you are looking for. Because he liked order and logic, Dewey invented a way to organize all knowledge into a uniform system that is used in libraries throughout the world. Before Dewey came up the the DDC how do you think people found books? (Books were sorted by size or even color!) How difficult that would make finding a books. Different libraries sorted books by their own systems, each the way the librarian thought best. We are going to look at the 10 different divisions and see if we can find a way to remember the system to help us find materials.

Dewey Decimal System Arranged from lowest number (000) to highest number (999) 150.2 200.5 250.72 Arranged alphabetically if call number is the same 150 Arb 150 Bre 150 Thu Show students the call number. Remind them that this is the address where the book lives - it’s address just like my address is 47 Nanette Drive.

©Highsmith Inc. Reproduced with permission from Highsmith Inc.
This is a way that you can remember how to use the DDC. Point above your head. This is for Generalities. Everyone say that with me. Generalities. Dewey categorized materials that were of general knowledge in the 000s. These types of books contain so much information and facts they can’t all be contained in your memory. They are “above your head.” Use your hands to form a zero above your head. I got this graphic from the book Stretchy Library Lessons: Library Skills. The book states that the book may be reproduced for students. I ed and after no response, called UpStart and they said that it was perfectly acceptable to use this in a PowerPoint. Later I was sent a letter and told to put the following ©Highsmith Inc. Reproduced with permission from Highsmith Inc. ©Highsmith Inc. Reproduced with permission from Highsmith Inc.

Generalities Books with many subjects all in one Encyclopedias, Book of Knowledge, etc Books on the newspaper and reporting Generalities would include a book that contains a lot of different subjects. Can anyone think of a book that we have used this year that has a lot of different subjects? We used it when we looked up information about ____________. (Include subject that we have researched.) This section contains books like dictionaries, almanacs, and encyclopedias. Using the hyperlink on this slide to look up ENCYCLOPEDIA using Destiny. They have been taught this several times but a review never hurts! Click here to look up some books using Destiny!

Now we are going to talk about Philosophy and Psychology
Now we are going to talk about Philosophy and Psychology. Does anyone know what this is? These books are thought about big questions like: What is the meaning of life? Why do people act the way they do? We use our brain the think of the answers to these big questions. The way to remember that the 100s are philosophy and psychology is to remember they have to do with the brain - so touch your head! ©Highsmith Inc. Reproduced with permission from Highsmith Inc.

Philosophy 100-199 Books on feelings, thoughts and ideas
Books on how to study and self-improvement 128 BUS 152.1 FOW Show these real books to let them see the address and the title of the books. Does anyone know what self-improvement means? Discuss

The 200s are books on religion
The 200s are books on religion. Religion includes all of the different faiths in the world, past and present. With faith, you believe something you cannot see. Our eyes represent the things we cannot see. ©Highsmith Inc. Reproduced with permission from Highsmith Inc.

Religion 200-299 All the ideas of religion
What different religions believe 200 LAN Religion is just not about the church you go to or the things you believe. The religion has a lot of different books from different cultures from all over the world. It includes religion from a long time ago. The book on Greek Myths tells about the gods that people worshiped in Greece many years ago. Click on the picture of the book for Greek Myths to see a review. LAT 292 McC

The 300s are the Social Sciences
The 300s are the Social Sciences. The way you can remember that is to smile. When you smile - you are social. Social means thing people do together. This includes working, living in communities, celebrating and sharing stories. People working well together make us happy. Social sciences have to do with thinking about other people. Social Sciences deal with anthropology (the study of human society) and social relations (how you get along) from prehistoric times to thinking about the future. ©Highsmith Inc. Reproduced with permission from Highsmith Inc.

Social Sciences 300-399 Books about laws and government
Customs of different countries Books about the holidays Folk Tales and Fairy Tales 342.73 CAT Look at the different books we have in our media center. We have books about Laws and Government (We the Kids). Customs about different cultures can also be found in the 300s. If you want to learn about Kwanzaa, we have several books. Here is one of the Cinderella books. This one is from the Egyptian culture. Because fairy tale and folk tales are told from the prospective of that culture, they are included here. 398.2 CLI 394.2 CHO

The 400s are about LANGUAGE so think about the MOUTH SAYING SOMETHING
The 400s are about LANGUAGE so think about the MOUTH SAYING SOMETHING. Books in this group include things about the origins and the history of languages. We use our mouths when we turn our thoughts into language. ©Highsmith Inc. Reproduced with permission from Highsmith Inc.

Languages Books about foreign languages such as Spanish, French, German, etc. English Grammar Thesauri Dictionaries If you need to know how to say a word in a different language, you can look it up in a dictionary. Remember when we looked at Resources to use when you research? We looked at thesauri and dictionaries. Where do we keep most of those? They are in the REFERENCE section BUT we still use the Dewey Decimal numbers to keep them in order. Can anyone tell me why they are in the REFERENCE section of our Media Center? They can not be checked out of the media center unless you have permission from your teachers and it’s only for overnight. If you have a big project due and you need some materials, you can use them overnight and return them when you finish. Look at the call number for the School Thesaurus. It has REF which stands for REFERENCE. Remind students how to use a thesaurus and the word synonym as well as guide words. How would you use a thesaurus in the writing process? In which stage? ELA3W1 The student demonstrates competency in the writing process. The student v. Uses the dictionary and thesaurus to support word choice REF 423.1 WEB

The next category is for Science
The next category is for Science. It is in the 500s and that is represented by the neck. I think of science I think of test tubes - and that looks like your neck! The most popular section in science is wild animals. It is represented by the giraffe’s long neck. ©Highsmith Inc. Reproduced with permission from Highsmith Inc.

Natural Sciences & Mathematics 500-599
Astronomy (study of space, stars, and planets) Birds Plants Wild animals (including dinosaurs) 513.2 PLU Science and Mathematics have a lot of great books. There are books about math and numbers, Remember when you studies the solar system in 2nd grade? We looked at books like The Magic School Bus Lost in the Solar System. CLICK ON THE BOOK TO SEE A REVIEW. (This is a GPS - S2E1. Students will understand that stars have different sizes, brightness, and patterns. S2E2 Students will investigate the position of sun and moon to show patterns throughout the year. S2E3 Students will observe and record changes in their surroundings and infer the causes of the changes.) You can also find books about birds and plans and wild animals. Many of you have asked for books about dinosaurs and we can find those books in the 500s. 567.9 SIM 523.3 COL

The 600s are for technology. This is represented by the shoulder
The 600s are for technology. This is represented by the shoulder. I think about carrying my laptop and I put the strap on my shoulder. That makes me thing of technology. This section is also known as Taming and Using the Natural World. Another way to think of it is that when you work at something, building it or making it, you “put your shoulder into it.” Pets are here because man has “made” the animals tame. ©Highsmith Inc. Reproduced with permission from Highsmith Inc.

Technology 600-699 Satellites, Space ships, Cars, Motorcycles
Making Electronic Gadgets How things work Care of pets Medicine Cookbooks DOE You have to really think about how all of these things fit together. I think of it as the “HOW TO” section. How to make motorcycles, cars, satellites. It also has books on making gadgets and how things work. HOW TO care for pers. HOW TO cook. See? It’s the how to section! 636.7 PET

The 700s are represented by the hands and stand for arts, recreation and sports. I think of it as the work with your hands section. All of the activites are done with the hands or applauded by an audience. ©Highsmith Inc. Reproduced with permission from Highsmith Inc.

The Arts & Sports 700-799 Sports Music Arts and Crafts
Painting and Drawing 796 Ham Thinks that you do with your hands are things like sports (pitching, batting, etc.), music (play guitar, piano, etc), arts and crafts also known as handicrafts as well as painting and drawing. All of these are done with the hands.

The 800s are represented by the heart
The 800s are represented by the heart. The 800s are full of materials that touch the heart. ©Highsmith Inc. Reproduced with permission from Highsmith Inc.

Literature 800-899 Short Stories Plays Poems Riddle & Joke Books 812
ADO Short stories, plays, poems and riddle and joke books all touch the heart of the reader in some way. One of my favorites is Where the Sidewalk Ends by Shel Silverstein. We can find it at 811 SIL. Every poem makes you laugh or say GROSS! Either way you get a reaction from the heart! 811 SIL

Finally we have the 900s represented by the feet
Finally we have the 900s represented by the feet. The 900s contain books on history and geography.When I think of the feet being the 900s I think of traveling through time. ©Highsmith Inc. Reproduced with permission from Highsmith Inc.

Geography & History History (wars, countries, groups of people) Travel Geography (atlases) 912 ATL We can find the history of wars. When we worked on civil war topics for 5th grade, we found most of our information in the 900s. We also found several atlases in the 900s but most of them were in the REFERENCE section of the media center. Why do you think they would be located there? Does anyone see anything that is a refernce source that we have discussed? They should say “ATLAS”. 973 BEA

You could think of the Biography section as B for BODY
You could think of the Biography section as B for BODY. Biographies are books about someBODY. ©Highsmith Inc. Reproduced with permission from Highsmith Inc.

Biographies True Story about the life of a person (written by someone else). We use B as a call number at our school. Dewey Number for biographies is 921. Autobiography – person writes the story of her own life. Some media centers have biographies in the 921 section. We have them in a separate section at the end of the 900s in the BIOGRAPHY area. All of these books are organized by whom the book is about. For example, where would I find a book about Hariett Tubman? (B TUB). B AAR

Reference Can cover all Dewey areas.
The call number starts with REF. Books may be checked out overnight with special permission. Usually expensive sets or one of a kind. I have already mentioned the reference section. The REF section can be any of the numbers we have reviewed today. The reason that they are in the reference section is because they do no circulate like regular books. That means you can’t check them out for a week at a time. Why do you think we have it that way? It is so that others can use the books and not have to wait a week to get the information you need for a class. Most of the time we put books in the reference section that is an expensive set or gets used a great deal and we don’t have many copies of the information.

Let’s look over this chart one more time and I’m going to see how many of the sections each team can identify correctly. You can work together to see how many you get! ©Highsmith Inc. Reproduced with permission from Highsmith Inc.

Dewey Decimal System 000-099 General Works
Philosophy & Psychology Religion Social Sciences Languages Natural Science & Mathematics Technology (Applied Science) Fine Arts and Sports Literature Geography & History I’m going to start with Team 1. Can you tell me the first number and category? You can use the body parts we talked about if you’d prefer. (Continue until all are revealed.)

Dewey Activities Library Skills Game
The Dewey Decimal Game by Eleanor Schuster Dewey Decimal Review Game Let’s Do Dewey Dewey Games and Flashcards There are many other activities that you can explore as a fun way to remember the Dewey Decimal Classification System. I have some of them listed here and they are also on the Jefferson Parkway webpage for Destiny. When students come for their next visit, I will read The Shelf Elf Helps Out by J. M. Hopkins as a review of what we learned in the PowerPoint.

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