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Chimpanzees Jorge Perez. Anatomy Covered by a thick coat of fur Long arms and short bodies – Arms are longer than legs Have no fur on fingers, ears, face,

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Presentation on theme: "Chimpanzees Jorge Perez. Anatomy Covered by a thick coat of fur Long arms and short bodies – Arms are longer than legs Have no fur on fingers, ears, face,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Chimpanzees Jorge Perez

2 Anatomy Covered by a thick coat of fur Long arms and short bodies – Arms are longer than legs Have no fur on fingers, ears, face, and feet Both adult male and females have short white beards Have the same senses as humans Able to grasp things with both hands and feet

3 Diet Omnivorous foragers Generally eat fruit and plants Also eat insects, small animals, eggs, and meat, including carrion Have a varied diet Usually pick fruits with their hands Most intense eating period is in the late afternoon

4 Classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Primates Family: Pongidae Genus: Pan Species: Pan troglodytes, Pan paniscus

5 Locomotion Use all fours to Walk on soles of feet and knuckles of hands Able to walk up right – Only when carrying something with arms Good at climbing trees – Sleep on trees Swing from branch to branch

6 Communicate to teach the young ones the skills they need Communicate about food and mating Use gestures – Used to indicate needs and emotions Have cries that warn other chimps of danger They bark loudly to call others for abundance of food Communication & Vocalization

7 Life Span live about 60 years in captivity life span in the wild is about years They live much longer in captivity

8 Habitat Tropical rain forests Forests edges and clearings Woodlands Swamp forests Grasslands in Western Africa Wet savannas

9 Groups of Chimpanzees Chimpanzee’s live in groups called communities – Range in sizes from of chimps The size of chimp’s territory is from miles squared Males often depend on the support of females Smaller groups change frequently and combine with other chimps

10 Tool Used Stems Branches Rocks Twigs Leaves These are all used for feeding, drinking, cleaning themselves, or used as weapons

11 Size Adult males are larger than most females. Female: -Height: feet - Weight: 57 – 110 pounds Male: feet Pounds

12 Playing Young ones play a lot Learning skills they will use as adults Practice tools, make sleeping nests, climbing Food sharing One does grooming and expects one back Wrestle

13 Predators Leopards Humans – Medical research – Cutting down forests – Illegal meat trade Throw large sticks and branches at predators

14 Endangered Chimpanzees are endangered. 2 Million roamed in African forest. 1oo,000 to 200,000 remain Two major threats for survival – Loss of habitat – Illegal trade in bushmeat May be extinct within 20 years from now

15 Where do they live? Wild Chimpanzees are only found in Africa In habit 22 African Countries From west coast to east coast as east as Tanzania Today only five of have significant numbers

16 Bibliography pes/chimp/ pes/chimp/ /mammals/chimpanzee/ /mammals/chimpanzee/ zee.html zee.html /chimpanzee/225149/Natural-history /chimpanzee/225149/Natural-history

17 Bibliography Cont’d o.htm o.htm inc.org/page.php?id=aboutchimps inc.org/page.php?id=aboutchimps


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