3Warm Up Block 8/2-8/3 When Graphing: The Independent Variable belongs onwhich axis? _______________Another name for the independent variable is the ______________ variableThe Dependent Variable belongs onAnother name for the dependent variable is the______________ variableRemember: x-axis is horizontal, y-axis is vertical
4Warm Up Thursday 8/4Create a Hypothesis regarding an experiment involving tomato plants and fertilizer(refer to templates for correct format)Name the Independent and Dependent variables
5Warm Up Friday 8/5What are the Five major parts that must be included on every graph ?12345
6Warm Up Monday 8/8What key points help you determine if a bar graph or a line graph should be used??How will you prepare for our Biology quiz this week??
7Warm Up Block 8/9 – 8/10List 3 Safety Precautions or Procedures that should be followed when in the Lab:
8Warm Up Thursday 8/11List 3 things that you remember from studying about CHEMISTRY:
9Warm Up Friday 8/12What do you call pure substances that cannot be broken down chemically into simpler kinds of matter?What is the simplest particle of an element that retains all the properties of that element?What is Matter?
10Warm Up Monday 8/15Atoms of the same element can have different numbers of neutrons; these variations of an element are called:______An atom’s Atomic Number is equal to that element’s number of :______________An element’s Atomic Mass is equal to its number of _________ plus its number of __________ .
11Warm Up Block 8/16 - 8/17How many electrons can fit in the first energy level (shell) ? In the second ?(Think of Bohr Models)Superman wants to know: How do you determine the number of neutrons in an atom of Krypton (Element #36) ?
12Warm Up Thursday 8/18Draw a model of a water molecule, labeling the elements, the bonds, the proper # of electrons in the outer energy levels, and the (+) and (-) ends of the moleculeWhat type of bond connects two water molecules?? Where are the molecules connected together at (what elements from each molecule??)
13Warm Up for Friday 8/19 Compare Adhesion and Cohesion Give an example of each:
14Warm Up Monday 8/22What are the Horizontal rows on the Periodic Table called and what do they tell us?What are the Vertical groups called and what do they tell us?
15Warm Up Block 8/23 – 8/24What are some of the “Essential” nutrients that our bodies need to continue growth and repair each day?How many calories should the average teenager consume each day?
16Warm Up: Thursday 8/25Based on previous class info, describe a healthy breakfast, lunch and dinner you could have that contains all the essential nutrients:Breakfast –Lunch –Dinner –
17Warm Up Friday 8/26What is the molecular formula for glucose? Draw its structure:What is the structure / shape of a fat molecule?What are 3 differences between saturated and unsaturated fats?
18Warm Up Monday 8/29Write your current Biology grade below and have a parent/guardian sign below:Biology Grade:Parent/Guardian Signature:____________Draw and label the parts of an Amino Acid
19Warm Up Block 8/30 - 8/31 Define: - Enzyme Substrate Active Site CatalystActivation Energy
20Warm Up Thursday Sept 1If you want to participate, take a cracker and chew on it for 5 minutes – no swallowing!!!Do you notice a change in the taste after a few minutes?? What does it taste like??What do you think happened?__________ was broken down into __________ due to the enzyme ________
21Warm Up Friday 9/2 Draw the basic structure of a Nucleotide. How many “parts” does a nucleotide have?What type of bonds are located between nitrogen bases in a molecule of DNA that join the 2 strands together? Are they weak or strong?
22Warm Up Block 9/6 – 9/7 How well do I think I did on Quiz? Score/70 How prepared was I for Quiz? 1 – 10Did I read Chapter 2 in full?Did I study my notes?Will I do anything differently next time?
23Warm Up Thursday 9/8Name three things that are present in a plant cell but NOT in an animal cell?What are attached to the Rough E.R. that are not found on the Smooth E.R.?What organelle converts energy stored in glucose (food) into ATP ?
24Warm Up Friday 9/9 Which cell organelle produces proteins? The nucleolus manufactures what cell organelle?What is the function of the Golgi Apparatus?
25Warm Up Monday 9/12Without your notes, list as many cell organelles as possible and their functions
26Warm Ups Block 9/13 – 9/14What are the 3 objective lenses called on our Light Microscopes:Shortest:Middle:Longest:What happens to the specimen’s image if you turn the Coarse Adjustment Knob while in High Power??
27Warm Ups 9/15 Compare/Contrast prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells: How many centimeters are in a meter?How many millimeters are in a meter?How many meters are in a kilometer?
28Warm Up Monday 9/19 What is the cell membrane composed of ? What does selectively permeable mean?Distinguish between Polar and Nonpolar substances
29Warm Up: Block 9/20 – 9/21What happens to a cell when it is placed in a Hypertonic solution? Why ?What happens to a cell when it is placed in a Hypotonic solution ? Why?
30Warm Up Thursday 9/22 List the 3 forms of Passive Transport: List the 3 forms of Active Transport:Explain the difference between diffusion and osmosis. Are they active or passive?Explain the difference between endocytosis and exocytosis. Are they active or passive?
31Warm Up Friday 9/23Pre-Lab for Day # 2Questions 1 thru 6
32Warm Up: Thursday 10/20Describe the difference between a Zygote and a Gamete:A species of dog has a total of 78 chromosomes.What is the diploid (2n) number of one of the dog’s somatic cells? What is the haploid (1n) number of one of this dog’s gametes?
33Warm Up Friday 10/21Name the 3 Phases of the Cell Cycle that are collectively called Interphase:What are the Five phases of the Cell Cycle, in order:Distinguish between Cytokinesis and Mitosis
34Warm Up Monday 10/24In what phase of the Cell Cycle is the cell’s DNA copied?What are the four phases of Mitosis?During which phase do the chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell?What part do spindle fibers play in Mitosis?
35Block 10/25-10/26 Diagram of Cell Cycle I = G1 + S + G2 M = P + M + A + T = Nucleus DividesStill one cell at end of Mitosis, but 2 nuclei in cellC = Cytokinesis = Cytoplasm divides= 2 cells
36Friday 10/28 What is cancer? What causes cancer? Are there links to any environmental causes?What is the difference between a malignant and a benign tumor?
37Warm Ups Monday 10/31 Write down what you remember about: Autotrophs: Heterotrophs:Photosynthesis:Mitochondria:Chloroplasts:
38Warm Ups Block 11/1 – 11/2 Compare/Contrast: autotrophs and heterotrophsHow much of the energy in one trophic level is transferred to organisms at the next trophic level?Construct a food chain involving 4 trophic levels(plants and/or animals involved, in order)
39Warm Up Thursday 11/3Write out the balanced chemical equation for Photosynthesis:Compare ATP to ADP:During photosynthesis, where in the chloroplast does the:Light Reaction occur:Dark Reaction occur:
40Warm Up Friday 11/4During the Light Reaction, excited electrons move from membrane protein to membrane protein via the ____________.The two energy-storing molecules made during the Light Reaction are ____________ and ____________What are the three environmental factors that affect the rate of photosynthesis?
41Warm Up Block 11/8 – 11/9Write out the balanced equation for Photosynthesis:Write out the balanced equation for cellular respiration:How do they compare:
42Warm Up Thursday 11/10The process of Glycolysis breaks down ___________ into two ___________What is produced in the Kreb’s Cycle:________ _______ _______ _______What is produced in the ETC in the final stage of Aerobic Respiration:______________ ______________When no oxygen is available, Pyruvate is broken down in what process?
43Warm Up Monday 11/14What are the 3 stages of Cellular Respiration, in order?Where do these 3 stages take place?How much ATP is produced in each of these 3 stages?
44Warm Ups: Block 1/17 – 1/18 What factors increase a population size? What factors decrease a population size?Define and give 2 examples of a limiting factor:Give an example of an “r” selected species:Give an example of a “K” selected species:
45Warm Up: Thursday 1/19 Name a country(s) that: Has a rapid population growth:Has a slow/steady population growth:Has a Zero or Negative population growth:What would the shapes of the above Population Pyramids look like?
46Warm Up Friday 1/20If the doubling time for a certain bacteria’s population is 15 minutes, how long would it take for a single bacteria to multiply to form a colony of 500 bacteria??Show your work!!
47Warm Up Monday 1/23What shape does India’s population pyramid resemble? What does this signify?What is the fertility rate goal # for a country like India? What will this allow the population to eventually do?What are some actual and potential results of India’s overpopulation crisis?
48Block 1/24 – 1/25 What did I do to study for today’s Quiz? How prepared for the quiz am I?(scale of 1 thru 10)1 = not at all, 10 = very preparedWill I do anything differently to prepare for the next quiz?
49Warm Up Thursday 1/26 What is a gene? How are a gene and a chromosome related?What is a mutation?What can result from a chromosomal mutation?
50Warm Up Friday 1/27Chromosome numbers 1 thru 22 are called ________________ ?What is “nondisjunction”?In a karyotype, homologous pairs of chromosomes are arranged by what characteristics?
51Warm Up Block 1/31-2/1What are some differences between Mitosis vs. MeiosisGametes are (haploid / diploid) and a Zygote is (haploid / diploid).Name the female gamete in animals:Name the male gamete in animals:
52Warm Up Thursday Feb 2What are some differences between Mitosis and Meiosis?Chromosomes similar in size, shape and genetic content are called ___________
53Warm Ups Block 2/7 – 2/8What is the difference between genotype and phenotype?Give examples of above:What is the difference between homozygous and heterozygous?If the allele for yellow peas (Y) is dominant to the allele for green peas (y), how would you show:A homozygous dominant pea? ______________A homozygous recessive pea? ______________A heterozygous (hybrid) pea? ___________________
54Warm Up Thursday 2/9If green skin is dominant over orange skin, is it possible for an orange skinned offspring to result from a cross between an orange parent and a green parent?-Draw Punnett Square(s) and explain
55Warm Up Friday 2/10 P1 (Parents) are True Breeding PP x pp F1 Generation are all heterozygotes ( Pp)When Mendel self-pollinated members of this F1 generation (Pp x Pp), what were the F2 generation’s phenotypic and genotypic ratios??
56Warm Up Monday 2/13Show how the 3 alleles involved in human blood typing determine the 4 blood-group genotypes:Type A:Type B:Type AB:Type O:For a sex linked recessive trait, show the genotypes for:(use B for normal condition and b for affected condition)Affected Male:Affected Female:Carrier Female:Normal Male:Normal Female:
57Warm Up Block 2/14 - 2/15Sex Linked Fruit FliesP-1:Red Eyed Hybrid female x White eyed MaleWhat are genotypes of F-1 generation?Show a cross of the Red eyed offspring from the F-1 generation:Is there a chance any of the F-2 generation will have white eyes??
58Warm Ups Block 2/21 – 2/22 By yourself – NO DISCUSSING: What is a Theory?Explain what you think of when you hear the word “Evolution”? Use words, pictures, etc:
59Warm Up Thursday 2/23 How long ago was Earth formed? What does “prehistoric” mean?How long ago did the first dinosaurs appear?When did the dinosaur extinction occur?When did the most recent Ice Age end?When did modern man, Homo sapien, first appear?
60Warm Up Monday 2/27The Geologic Time Scale is broken into 4 Era’s. What are their names?Which is the oldest of the four? Most recent?How many periods are in the Mesozoic Era?Which Era is termed the “Age of Mammals”?Which Era is termed the “Age of Reptiles” and/or “Age of Dinosaurs”