The J-Sci Science Game Click here to begin!here By A. R. Trachsel Created for Ashland University EDCI 505 OL3, Module 8 - March, 2012.

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The J-Sci Science Game Click here to begin!here By A. R. Trachsel Created for Ashland University EDCI 505 OL3, Module 8 - March, 2012

J-Sci Science Game Here’s how to play: Ready? Ready for something different? Try some Science OGT Questions:

J-Sci Master Board Forces & Energy Life ScienceChemistry Earth/Space Science Cells and Such \$100 \$200 \$300 \$400 \$500 Final J-Sci Question ….Return to Starting Page

Forces & Energy \$100 Q: Newton’s Law of Inertia states that an object in motion will stay in motion and an object at rest will stay at rest unless … A. it is round. B. it is acted on by an outside force. And the answer is ….

Forces & Energy \$100 Answer: B. it is acted on by an outside force.

Forces & Energy \$200 Q: What do we need to know to calculate the amount of force with which a moving bowling ball hits the bowling pins? And the answer is ….

Forces & Energy \$200 Answer: You need to know the mass of the bowling ball and the speed at which it is moving. Force = mass x acceleration Select the bowling ball!

Forces & Energy \$300 Question: Burning wood is an example of a _____________ reaction. A.endothermic B.exothermic And the answer is ….

Forces & Energy \$300 Answer B. Exothermic Burning wood gives off heat.

Forces & Energy \$400 Question: Describe the energy transfer that takes place when a roller coaster train is pulled up the first hill, and then rolls over the hill to the bottom of the other side. And the answer is ….

Forces & Energy \$400 Answer The potential energy increased as the train is pulled up the hill. The energy transfers to kinetic energy as the train rolls over the top and down the other side.

Forces & Energy \$500 Question: A box is sliding down an inclined plane (a slope). What effect does the surface material of the plane have on the speed? What could you do to increase the speed of the box? And the answer is ….

Forces & Energy \$500 Answer: To increase speed, you need to decrease friction. Ways to do this include: Make the surface of the slope less rough (it would slide faster on ice than on gravel). Add a viscous liquid (an oil, for example) to the surface.

Life Science \$100 QuestionAn herbivore eats _______ and an omnivore eats _________. A. Animals … plants and animals B. Plants … only animals C. Animals … only plants D. Plants … plants and animals And the answer is ….

Life Science \$100 Answer D. Plants … plants and animals Herbivores eat only plants. Omnivores eat plants and animals. (Carnivores eat only animals.)

Life Science \$200 Question: The relationship of a flea and a dog is an example of: A.Commensalism B.Parasitism C.Predation D.Mutualism And the answer is ….

Life Science \$200 Answer B. Parasitism (A type of symbiosis in which one organism benefits and the other is harmed.)

Life Science \$300 Q: Name at least two differences between a plant cell and an animal cell. And the answer is ….

Life Science \$300 Answer: Plant cells have cell walls and chloroplasts, while animal cells do not. Select this to see interactive cell models!

Life Science \$400 Q: Name two examples of biotic factors and two examples of abiotic factors in an ecosystem. And the answer is ….

Life Science \$400 Answer: Biotic factors are things that are living: animals, plants. Abiotic factors are things that are not living: rocks, water, sky, clouds, etc.

Life Science \$500 Q: In order for a recessive genetic trait to be expressed as the phenotype, what must be true for each parent? And the answer is ….

Life Science \$500 Answer: Each parent must have at least one allele for the recessive trait in order for it to be the phenotype of the offspring.

Chemistry \$100 Q: Which of the following part of an atom has a negative charge: proton, electron, or neutron? And the answer is ….

Chemistry \$100 A: Electron has a negative (-) charge. Proton has a positive (+) charge. Neutron has a neutral (zero) charge.

Chemistry \$200 Q: For the element carbon, identify the atomic number, the atomic symbol, and the atomic mass in the picture below: And the answer is …. 6 12.01 C

Chemistry \$200 A: The atomic number is 6 (on top), the atomic mass is 12.01 (on bottom), and the atomic symbol is C (in center). 6 12.01 C

Chemistry \$300 Q: Part A: When valence electrons are transferred from one atom to another, what kind of bond is formed? Part B: When atoms share valence electrons, what kind of bond is formed? And the answer is ….

Chemistry \$300 A: Part A: Ionic bonds Part B: Covalent bonds.

Chemistry \$400 Q: What combination of reactants is likely to form an ionic bond? And the answer is ….

Chemistry \$400 A: A reaction between an acid and a base is likely to form an ionic bond.

Chemistry \$500 Q: Why are noble gases unlikely to combine with other substances? And the answer is ….

Chemistry \$500 A: Noble gases are unlikely to combine with other substances because they have a full outer shell of electrons. This makes them very stable.

Earth/Space Science \$100 Question: Is the solar system heliocentric or geocentric? A.Heliocentric: Sun is in center. B.Geocentric: Earth is in center. C.Heliocentric: Earth is in center. D. Geocentric: Sun is in center. And the answer is ….

Earth/Space Science \$100 Answer: A. Heliocentric: Sun is in the center.

Earth/Space Science \$200 Q: When we observe layers of sedimentary rock, what do the positions of the layers tell us about the relative ages of the layers? A.The youngest layer is on the bottom B.The position doesn’t tell us anything about age. C.The youngest layer is on the top. And the answer is ….

Earth/Space Science \$200 Answer: C. The youngest layer is on the top. Image from http://www.fi.edu/fellows/fellow1/oct98/create/sediment.htm

Earth/Space Science \$300 Q: Describe at least two effects of Plate Tectonics. And the answer is ….

Earth/Space Science \$300 A: Possible answers include: - Sea-floor spreading - Subduction (ocean plate collides with continental plate) - Mountain Ranges (when plates collide and push up) - Earthquakes (plates slide past each other) - Volcanoes & islands (magma rises from holes in crust) - Folding and faulting

Earth/Space Science \$400 Q: Why are there tides in Earth’s oceans? A.The Earth tilts on its axis. B.The Earth spins so fast that it moves the water. C. The Moon’s gravitational pull moves the water in Earth’s oceans. And the answer is ….

Earth/Space Science \$400 Answer: C. The Moon’s gravitational pull moves the water in Earth’s oceans.

Earth/Space Science \$500 Q. How does the “red shift” of a star’s life provide evidence in support of the “Big Bang Theory?” And the answer is ….

Earth/Space Science \$500 Answer: The “red shift” means that the star is moving farther away from the observer. The Big Bang Theory states that the universe continues to expand.

Cells and Such \$100 True or False Question: Prokaryotes have no nucleus. Eukaryotes have nucleus and membrane-bound organelles And the answer is ….

Cells and Such \$100 Select for a hint. Answer: True. Prokaryotes do not have a nucleus. Eukaryotes do.

Cells and Such \$100 Hint Example of prokaryotes: bacteria Example of eukaryotes: plants, animals, protists, fungi Return to \$100 Answer page

Cells and Such \$200 Q: Name at least two differences between a plant cell and an animal cell. And the answer is ….

Cells and Such \$200 Answer: Plant cells have cell walls and chloroplasts, while animal cells do not. Select this to see interactive cell models!

Cells and Such \$300 Q: What is the role of mitochondria in a cell? A: transports material through the cell B: allows material to enter or leave the cell C: is the control center of the cell D: breaks down food to make energy And the answer is ….

Cells and Such \$300 Answer: D: breaks down food to make energy The mitochondria, site of cellular respiration, breaks down food to make energy.

Cells and Such \$400 Q: What things are needed for photosynthesis? What are the products of photosynthesis? Here is a hint. And the answer is ….

Cells and Such \$400 Answer: For photosynthesis you need carbon dioxide, water, and energy. The products of photosynthesis are glucose (food) and oxygen.

Cells and Such \$500 Q: What is the relationship between photosynthesis and cellular respiration? (Think of what they need, and think of their products.) And the answer is ….

Cells and Such \$500 Answer: The products of photosynthesis are the inputs for cellular respiration. The products of cellular respiration are the inputs for photosynthesis.

Final J-Sci Question Color blindness is a sex-linked trait that is carried on the X chromosome. If a boy is born color-blind, what would have to be true? (Question taken from 2009 Science OGT.) A. His father had normal vision. B. His grandmother was colorblind. C. His mother carried at least one gene for color blindness. D. His grandfather passed on the color-blind trait to his father.

Final J-Sci Answer C. His mother carried at least one gene for color blindness.