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Lesson 5 Dialogue 1 Grammar University of Michigan Flint Zhong, Yan.

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Presentation on theme: "Lesson 5 Dialogue 1 Grammar University of Michigan Flint Zhong, Yan."— Presentation transcript:

1 Lesson 5 Dialogue 1 Grammar University of Michigan Flint Zhong, Yan

2 一下 (yí xià) & ( 一 ) 点儿 ({yì} diǎnr) Moderating the Tone of Voice

3 Following a verb, both 一下 (yí xià, lit. “once”) and ( 一 ) 点儿 ({yì} diǎnr “a bit”) can soften the tone in a question or an imperative sentence, therefore making it more polite.

4 一下 (yí xià) modifies the verb 你看一下,这是谁的照片 ? Nǐ kàn yí xià, zhè shì shéi de zhàopiàn? (Take a look. Whose photo is this?) 你进来一下。 Nǐ jìn lai yí xià. (Come in for a minute.) ( 一 ) 点儿 ({yì} diǎnr) modifies the object 你想吃点儿什么 ? Nǐ xiǎng chī diǎnr shénme? (What would you like to eat?) 你喝一点儿茶吧。 Nǐ hē yìdiǎnr chá ba. (Have a little tea.)

5 Adjectives as Predicates

6 In Chinese, when an adjective functions as a predicate, it is not preceded by the verb 是 (shì, to be). It is usually modified by 很 (hěn, very)

7 I’m happy today. 我今天很高兴。 Wǒ jīntiān hěn gāoxìng.

8 His younger sister is pretty. 他妹妹很漂亮。 Tā mèimei hěn piàoliang.

9 That movie is good. 那个电影很好。 Nà ge diànyǐng hěn hǎo.

10 However, 很 (hěn) is not as strong as “very” in English. When forming a question with an adjective as the predicate, 很 is not used.

11 A: 你弟弟高吗? Nǐ dìdi gāo ma? (Is your younger brother tall?) B: 他很高。 Tā hěn gāo. (He is tall.)

12 A: 你家大吗? Nǐ jiā dà ma? (Is your house big?) B: 我家不大,很 小。 Wǒ jiā bú dà, hěn xiǎo. (My house is not big, it’s small.)

13 Chinese adjectives without 很 (hěn) or any sort of modifier before them can often imply comparison or contrast.

14 A: 姐姐漂亮还是妹妹漂 亮? Jiějie piàoliang háishi mèimei piàoliang? (Who’s prettier, the older sister or the younger sister?) B: 妹妹漂亮。 Mèimei piàoliang. (The younger sister is prettier).

15 My younger sister’s Chinese is good. My Chinese is not good. 妹妹的中文好,我的 中文不好。 Mèimei de Zhōngwén hǎo, wǒ de Zhōngwén bù hǎo.

16 The Preposition 在 (zài, at; in; on) Combined with a noun, the preposition 在 (zài) indicates location. When the phrase is placed before a verb, it indicates the location of the action.

17 A: 我的书在哪儿? Wǒ de shū zài nǎr? Where is my book? B: 在那儿。 Zài nàr. It’s over there.

18 A: 你在哪儿工作? N ǐ zài nǎr gōngzuò ? Where do you work? B: 我在这儿工作。 Wǒ zài zhèr gōngzuò. I work here.

19 I study Chinese at this university. 我在这个大学学中 文。 Wǒ zài zhè ge dàxué xué Zhōngwén.

20 I don’t like to watch movies at home. 我不喜欢在家看电 影。 Wǒ bù xǐhuan zài jiā kàn diànyǐng.

21 The Particle 吧 (ba) 吧 (ba) is a sentence-fi nal “suggestion” particle, often used at the end of an imperative sentence to soften the tone.

22 Why don’t you have some coffee? 你喝咖啡吧。 Nǐ hē kāfēi ba.

23 Come in, please. 请进来吧。 Qǐng jìn lai ba.

24 Let’s dance. 我们跳舞吧。 Wǒmen tiào wǔ ba.

25 是吗 (Shì ma?) is not a question Although it takes a question mark, 是吗 (Shì ma?) is not a question here but a mild expression of surprise on hearing something unexpected. Here it indicates one’s modesty on receiving a compliment. It could be translated as “Is that so?” “You don't say!” or “Really?”

26 你们家很大,也很漂 亮。 Nǐmen jiā hěn dà, yě hěn piàoliang. 是吗? Shì ma?

27 哪儿 nǎr where a question word Do not confuse it with 那儿 Nàr there 这儿 Zhèr here

28 谢谢 再见 University of Michigan Flint Zhong, Yan


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