Presentation on theme: "6 th June 1944 Operation Overlord. Learning outcomes Continue in discovering how the war turned in the favour of the Allies Examine the events and consequences."— Presentation transcript:
6 th June 1944 Operation Overlord
Learning outcomes Continue in discovering how the war turned in the favour of the Allies Examine the events and consequences of operation overlord and the D-Day landings Take an account of the war in the Atlantic and the American victories in Japan
Turning points of war continued Battle of El Alamein: Another major turning point in WWII. Italy’s efforts to extend its empire in North Africa came unstuck, forcing Hitler to send General Rommel to Africa to rescue the struggling Italians. The goal was to gain control of the Suez Canal. Rommel’s forces were initially successful but they were eventually defeated by Montgomery at the decisive battle of El Alamein in Egypt. In May 1943 the Germans and the Italians in North Africa surrendered.
D Day In 1944, a huge army of British, US and Canadian troops gathered in Southern England. They were to invade France and free it from German occupation. Stalin had long demanded that the Allies open a 2 nd front in the west. The operation was code-named Operation Overlord. They chose the Normandy coast because of its beaches, shallow water and it was near England. A double agent convinced the Germans that the Allied attack was to take place at Calais
Allied Commander Eisenhower’s orders morning of June 6 th. You will bring about the destruction of the German war machine, the elimination of Nazi tyranny over the oppressed peoples of Europe, and security for ourselves in a free world. Your task will not be an easy one. Your enemy is well trained, well equipped, and battle-hardened. He will fight savagely....The free men of the world are marching together to victory. I have full confidence in your courage, devotion to duty, and skill in battle. We will accept nothing less than full victory. Good luck, and let us all beseech the blessings of Almighty God upon this great and noble undertaking.
The five beaches were code-named Utah, Omaha, Gold, Juno and Sword.
D Day numbers 4000 ships used over 150,000 men nearly 30,000 vehicles across the channel to the French beaches. Six parachute regiments -- over 13,000 men -- were flown from nine British airfields in over 800 planes. More than 300 planes dropped 13,000 bombs over coastal Normandy immediately in advance of the invasion. By the end of June 6 th, 9,000 Allies were dead but 100,000 made it ashore.
Allied troops set up artificial harbours called mulberries to allow tanks and trucks to land in France. An undersea pipeline called Pluto was laid down to provide fuel for the invading armies. 10,000 British and US aircraft provided ‘air cover’ for the invading troops. Mulberry Pier
The invasion succeeded and nearly a million soldiers had landed in France by the end of June. On 18 th of August 1944, Allied troops liberated Paris from German control. They then pushed eastwards towards Germany. With the Russians attacking from the East, Hitler was being attacked from both sides. The liberation of Western Europe from Nazi occupation had begun. On 7 th May 1945 the Nazis surrendered.