Presentation on theme: "Opener: Thursday, 11/14 Which of the eight events/factors from the timeline would you say was the most important in helping to bring about the Civil War?"— Presentation transcript:
Opener: Thursday, 11/14 Which of the eight events/factors from the timeline would you say was the most important in helping to bring about the Civil War? Explain. In Class Today: 1. Intro Lincoln book 2. Notes: War begins 3. Clip: Gods and Generals
SECESSION & CIVIL WAR AP U.S. History Chapter 15
End of Union Begins Deep South Secedes -S. Carolina seceded first (Dec. 1860) -Six more deep south states followed -Confederate States of America Last Effort at Compromise -Crittenden Compromise -Lincoln rejected it -Let them “go in peace”?
Presidential Responses Pres. Buchanan (lame duck) -No attempt to bring south back -Most Northerners wanted action Lincoln’s First Moves -Fort Sumter decision -April 12, 1861: war begins -State militias called out -Upper south secedes (Virginia) -Is Union indissoluble?
Fort Sumter Under Attack
Total War Northern Advantages -Men and materials -Navy (blockade) -Lincoln -Finances Southern Advantages -Familiar terrain -Military leadership (Lee, Jackson) -Defending home, way of life
Opener: Friday, 11/15 Why did Robert E. Lee turn down the opportunity to lead the Union’s armies during the Civil War? In Class Today: 1. Notes: Early war 2. Reading: Soldiers at war 3. Clip: Gods and Generals
Mobilization Confederate Issues -Inflation -Lack of adequate transportation -Jefferson Davis Lincoln’s Leadership -Expanded wartime powers -Martial law -Criticisms/support
Jefferson Davis, CSA President
Early Battles Northern Successes -Naval supremacy -Kentucky & Tennessee victories -Goal: control Mississippi Southern Successes -Bull Run, defense of Richmond -Lee goes on offense Battle of Antietam (Sept. 1862) -Bloodiest day in U.S. history -Lee’s invasion of Maryland stalled
Opener: Monday, 11/18 What do you think was the prime motivating factor for soldiers on both sides of the Civil War? In Class Today: 1. Notes: Emancipation Proclamation 2. Reading: E. P.
Battles Away from the Field Diplomatic Struggle -England, France waiting -South counts on “King Cotton” Emancipation Proclamation (effective 1/1/1863) -Freedom to slaves in rebelling areas -Gave north moral cause -Slaves encouraged to flee -Southern states must decide -Border state slaves not freed -War must be won for this to matter
African-Americans in War Union Army -200,000 served - “Contraband” = ex-slaves -First used only for labor -54 th Massachusetts regiment War effort -Many worked in factories -Lincoln encouraged -Fresh influx of labor
First Black Regiment in U.S. Army
Opener: Tuesday, 11/19 In what ways was the Emancipation Proclamation a “game changer” for the North and the war? In Class Today: 1. Assignment: Battles/Leaders 2. Clip: Gods and Generals
Battles/Generals Research the following battles and generals online. For each one, write a description in your own words of what role he/it played in the war and why he/it was significant during the war. 1. Robert E. Lee5. Antietam 2. “Stonewall” Jackson6. Chancellorsville 3. William T. Sherman7. Gettysburg 4. Ulysses S. Grant8. The Wilderness
Opener: Wednesday, 11/20 How was the Battle of Chancellorsville both a win and a loss for the Confederates? In Class Today: 1. Notes: Battle of Gettysburg 2. Speech: Gettysburg Address 3. Clip: Gettysburg
1863: Tide Turns Early 1863: Union in peril -Both sides war-weary -New York riots (draft) -Defeat at Chancellorsville Battle of Gettysburg (July 1-3, 1863) -Lee invaded Pennsylvania -Biggest battle of war (turning point) -Pickett’s Charge = mistake -Lee retreats; heads south -July 4: Grant takes Vicksburg
Pickett’s Charge (July 3, 1863)
Opener: Thursday, 11/21 Tomorrow is the 50 th anniversary of the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. What do you know about this event and why do you think it is still meaningful today? In Class Today: 1. Readings: War diary 2. Clip: Gettysburg (Pickett’s Charge)
Diary/Letter Readings Diary entries: -Summarize each of the three entries (paragraph for each) -Answer the Doc. Analysis question Letter: -Answer these: 1. How were black soldiers treated differently by the U.S. government? 2. Why would they be ordered to destroy an entire town?
Opener: Friday, 11/22 Do you believe we would view Presidents Lincoln and Kennedy differently if they had lived to serve a second term? Why or why not? In Class Today: 1. Notes: War in Clip: Story of Us/Gettysburg
Grant Takes Charge Grant given command of Union army -Attack on all fronts -Casualties mounted -Lee’s army survives -Backlash in north Election of Sherman’s March to the Sea -Lincoln defeats McClellan -Nation reaffirms commitment
Sherman’s March to the Sea
Opener: Monday, 11/25 How did the telegraph give the Union another advantage in the Civil War? In Class Today: 1. Notes: The End 2. Assassination re-enactment 3. Clip: Lincoln *Ch. 15 essays due today
Union Victorious Union victories mount -Lee badly outnumbered -Richmond falls -Surrender at Appomattox (April 1865) Lincoln assassinated -Ford’s Theatre -John Wilkes Booth - “Sic semper tyrannis” - Andrew Johnson
Lee Surrenders to Grant (April, 1865)
Booth Shoots Lincoln
Effects of Civil War 618,000 dead -Largest war in U.S. history -Women’s roles change 4,000,000 slaves freed -13 th Amendment -Inequality Federal government power -Predominant over states -Active in economy -Organization of the people
Opener: Tuesday, 11/26 Why was Lincoln so determined to get the 13 th Amendment passed before the end of the war? In Class Today: 1. DBQ: Slavery as a Cause of War
Opener: Wednesday, 11/27 Who or what are you most thankful for and why? In Class Today: 1. Reading: Lincoln Assassination 2. Video: Booth’s last day
Assassination Article 1. What did Booth shout when he was on stage and why do you think he chose that phrase? 2. What role did Dr. Mudd play in this episode? 3. What did Booth expect when he reached Confederate territory and what was the reality? 4. How did the cavalry ascertain where Booth and his friend were hiding out? 5. Summarize the final encounter between Booth and the cavalry men in one paragraph.
Opener: Monday, 12/2 Summarize your thoughts about President Lincoln as a leader in one paragraph. In Class Today: 1. Roundtable discussion: Lincoln book 2. Reading: Why the South Lost
Opener: Tuesday, 12/3 Fast food workers across the nation are planning a one day strike in order to gain more pay ($15 per hour). What are your thoughts on this issue? In Class Today: 1. Finish article and q’s 2. Review for test
Opener: Thursday, 12/5 What would you say was the single biggest factor in determining the outcome of the Civil War? Explain. In Class Today: 1. Intro project 2. Choose topics/find sources
Opener: Wednesday, 12/11 Current events day. Choose one national news story to summarize and comment on. In Class Today: 1. Work time for project
Opener: Thursday, 12/12 Summarize the significance of your presentation topic in a short paragraph. In Class Today: 1. Presentations! *Summary essays due.
Opener: Friday, 12/13 Discuss one thing you learned from a presentation that you watched yesterday. In Class Today: 1. Presentations!
Opener: Monday, 12/16 No opener today. Turn in all openers from the last couple of weeks. In Class Today: 1. Finish presentations 2. Review for final exam
Final Exam Topics 1. New England vs. Chesapeake Colonies 2. Revolution (Causes, events) 3. Formation of government (Articles/Constitution) 4. Early republic (challenges/events) 5. Manifest Destiny 6. Sectional conflict (events/compromises) 7. Civil War (advantages, motivation, tactics) 8. Emancipation Proclamation/13 th Amendment