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Perseus and Andromeda Date:60 - 70 AD[1 Dimensions:1.06m high 93 cm wide Technique:Fresco Style:Fourth Style wall in the House of the Discouri, Pompeii.

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Presentation on theme: "Perseus and Andromeda Date:60 - 70 AD[1 Dimensions:1.06m high 93 cm wide Technique:Fresco Style:Fourth Style wall in the House of the Discouri, Pompeii."— Presentation transcript:

1 Perseus and Andromeda Date: AD[1 Dimensions:1.06m high 93 cm wide Technique:Fresco Style:Fourth Style wall in the House of the Discouri, Pompeii

2 Perseus and Andromeda Perseus (with winged feet and a sickle sword) had just killed Medusa - the gorgon-head hangs from the scabbard. On his way back to Greece, he saw a young woman chained to a rock: Andromeda, the daughter of King Kephus of Ethiopia. Andromeda’s mother, Kassiopeia, boasted that Andromeda was more beautiful than the sea-goddesses. This annoyed Poseidon, so he sent a monster to terrorize Kephus’ city. To rid the city of this terrible monster, Kephus had to sacrifice his daughter. Andromeda was chained to a cliff to await her fate. Perseus killed the monster, either with a sword of by using Medusa’s head and took Andromeda for his bride.

3 Perseus and Andromeda Perseus Andromeda Sea monster Head of Medusa Winged booties

4 Perseus and Andromeda Composition Triangular – gives structure and focus to the narrative. Pose Theatrical – 4 th style a view not on an architectural world, but a mythological one.

5 Perseus and Andromeda Drapery  Catenary folds  Zig-zag folds  Irregularity – naturalism  Layering – volume  Highlighting – depth and body beneath

6 Perseus and Andromeda Treatment of subject matter Romantic or heroic? Evidence for each

7 Perseus and Andromeda Anatomy  Almost sculptural  Idealise  Bulging calf muscles and biceps  Knee not prefect  Raised wrist at unusual, but possible angle

8 Depth created by  Atmospheric perspective – e.g. hazier tones at the top  Overlapping – e.g. hand on arm  Shadows – e.g. on the rocks beneath Andromeda  Highlighting – e.g. knee of Andromeda  Shading – e.g. boots of Perseus; side of monster’s face  ¾ pose – e.g. Perseus  Foreshortening – e.g.Andromeda’s upper arm Perseus and Andromeda

9 Greek influence A copy of a Greek painting from the mid 4th century, painted by Nicias.  There is great similarity in them in terms of triangularity of composition.  pose of Perseus  sculptural treatment of the musculature of Perseus  drapery of Andromeda are such features.  Other copies…

10 Perseus and Andromeda, 1st cent. A.D., Pompeian wall painting, House of Apollo, 4th style (Naples: Nat'l. Mus.) Perseus and Andromeda

11 Mosaic from North Africa – 3 rd century AD Perseus and Andromeda

12 Greek influence  contrast of dark flesh for male figure and pale for female is also a Greek iconographical convention.  The close likeness to the anatomy and drapery to sculptured forms is a heavy Greek influence - Roman paintings of human forms tended to be more naturalistic.

13 Perseus and Andromeda Greek influence The painting focus almost entirely on the human participants in the foreground; little attention is paid to the faint and negligible background. This is rather more typical of the Greek view of the world - that the universe is man- centred; rather than the Roman view which was interested in landscape.


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