3Why Behavioral Finance? Correctness of security pricesJust because researchers cannot exploit anomalies, does it mean markets are efficient?Are investors really rational?How about human psychology?
4Behavioral Critique How do real people behave? Irrationality Investors do not always process information correctly and infer incorrect probability distributions about future rates of returnEven given a probability distribution of returns, they often make inconsistent or systematically suboptimal decisions.
5Behavioral BiasesEven if information processing were perfect, many studies conclude that individuals would tend to make less-than- fully-rational decisions using that information.Framing(Decisions seem to be affected by how choices are framed)(An individual may reject a bet when it is posed in terms of the risk surrounding possible gains but may accept that same bet when described in terms of the risk surrounding potential losses)
6Behavioral BiasesMental accounting(investment account vs. child’s savings account)(gambling & house money)Regret Avoidance(conventional vs. unconventional decisions)(blue chip vs. start up)
7Technical Analysis What is technical analysis? Do patterns ever recur? Are they predictable?Are you a fortuneteller: can you tell me the stock price of Torku in 2 months?What about fundamentals?Momentum
8Dow Theory What is Dow Theory? The Dow theory posits three forces simultaneously affecting stock prices:-The primary trend-Secondary or intermediate trends-Tertiary or minor trends
15Sentiment Indicators What is Trin Statistic ? What is it used for? Is it good for the trin statistic to be over 1.0?Confidence IndexWhen is the CI going to be over 100 %?Is it good for the ratio to get close to 100 %?
16Sentiment Indicators Put/Call Ratio Call What is put? What is call? What is this teh value of this ratio typically?When this ratio increases; how could it be interpreted?Pessimism