Presentation on theme: "Writing up an investigation"— Presentation transcript:
1Writing up an investigation Know how an investigation should be structured
2How do you write up an investigation? What should it include?What should it look like?Discuss these questions with your group.
3One way of writing it Introduction - what’s the issue? Methodology - how are we going to collect data?Question 1 - where is litter a problem?Question 2 - why is litter a problem?Conclusion - summarise your findingsEvaluation - strengths, weaknesses, improvements
4How is it going to be marked? This is the mark schemeIt’s exactly what we’ll use to mark your workYou should read it carefully - it will help you to get a good mark for each section
5Planning and organisation Look at the last section of the mark scheme.There are 10 marks on offer for just being neat and tidy and spelling words properly!When you’ve finished writing up the investigation, look at this section again and see if you’ve done everything to get those extra marks.
6The introductionSets the scene - explain why you’re investigating the issueInclude information about the locationAn annotated site map helps the reader to understand the different locationsDon’t present any data here, or talk about how you collected the data!
7Classwork and Homework Start writing your introductionIt needs to be handed in next lessonIt can be hand written or typedNext lesson: how to write the methodology
8Methodology This section explains how you collected the data For each “method” you should explain:How you carried it outWhy you used this methodWhat problems are there with the method
9Limitations (problems) A methodology tableMethodology(what I did)Justification (why)Limitations (problems)Bi-polar surveyPhotographsQuestionnaireAlthough we told you to use this method, you should pretend that it was your ideaThis was the method you chose - make sure you explain why you thought it was a good idea
10Remember your mark scheme When you write each section, you should be thinking about what the mark scheme says.Use it as a checklist of what you need to do for each section.Afterwards, use it to give yourself a mark.
11Writing the methodology Start writing your methodologyWe need to get this finished by next lessonNext lesson: how to write the main part
12The “main part”The main part of your project consists of three things:Analysis (answers to your two key questions)Your data presentation (to help you answer the two key questions)The conclusion
13How you get marksThe mark scheme shows you how the marks are allocated:The data presentation is worth 10 marksThe analysis and conclusion are worth 14 marksThis means that you should put a lot of time and effort into presenting the data
14Presenting dataYou’ve collected data - so we need to present it in some wayThe next few slides show some examples of how you can present dataSome of these methods are more appropriate than others
20Photographs Bridge has been built to avoid flood-prone land Farmland on sides of valleyField is floodedSummertime? Lots of greenery and blue sky
21So how should I write the main part? Start with your first question (where is litter a problem?)We used the bi-polar survey to collect data: think about how you want to show your resultsDraw the graph/map/etcNow write an answer to the question, remembering to refer to your results!
22Now let’s tackle the second question You were trying to find out why litter is a problem.Look at your results - how could you display this information effectively?Make your graph/map/etc.Now answer the question - make sure you refer to your results!
23What about my photos? Photos also count as data We must remember to put them where they will be useful - they’re not just there to make your work look prettyDON’T FORGET TO ANNOTATE THE PHOTOGRAPHS
24The conclusion This is where you summarise your findings Remind the reader about what you found out in question 1 and 2Now suggest how the school could deal with the problem of litter.
25The evaluationIt’s time to look back and think about how our investigation has gone.Make yourself a list of what was good and what was badNow think about how you’d improve the project if you had to do it again - maybe someone else used a method that you thought was particularly good, or perhaps you’d try collecting data at another time of day.
26Homework – due Monday 20th April Complete the project over Easter.You must have – an introduction, method table, data presentation (graphs, maps, photos), analysis (answer the questions),Finally conclude your answer and evaluate what you have done