2 SCOPE * OBJECTIVES * INTRODUCTION * PARTS OF THE SHIP * NAVAL TERMINOLOGIES & PHRASEOLOGIES
3 OBJECTIVETo identify ships nomenclature denoting direction and location as well as nomenclature of fittings, and distinguish other terms and phraseologies used in the Naval service without ambiguity.
4 INTRODUCTIONIn some respect, a navy ship is like a building. It has an outer wall called HULL, floors called DECKS, inner walls called BULKHEADS, corridors called PASSAGEWAYS, ceilings called OVERHEAD, and stairs called LADDERS. When you go up from the dock, you use ACCOMMODATION LADDER or GANGFLANK to go ONBOARD, and the entrance hall or foyer in a building is QUARTERDECK in a ship.
5 The forward part of the ship is the BOW; to go in that direction is to go FORWARD; the after part is the STERN; to go in that direction is to go AFT. The top, open deck of a ship is the MAINDECK; anything below that is called BELOW DECKS and anything above it is the SUPERSTRUCTURE. The forward part of the main deck is the FORECASTLE (pronounced foc’sle), the after part is the FANTAIL. As you face forward on a ship, the right side is the STARBOARD and the left side is PORT SIDE. A comfort room is known as HEAD.
6 PARTS OF THE SHIP Bow Forecastle Abeam Beam Beam Port Side Starboard SideSuperstructureAbaftFantailAftAstern
8 YardarmMastCrews NestBridgeSmoke StockPilot HouseFantailPassage WayBowSuper StructureBulkheadFreeboardDraftWater line
9 BridgeSuperstructureGigBulkheadsQuarterdeckAnchorFreeboardDraftHullPassagewaysRudderPropellerWater line
10 Accommodation Ladder or Gangflank Jack staffLife linesBittsAnchorDeckSmoke StockFlag staffAlongsideP I E RP I E RBollardAccommodation Ladder or GangflankMooring linesDolphinBollard
11 NAVAL TERMINOLOGIES AND PHRASEOLOGIES Denote: Direction and Locations:ABAFT – Behind or further aft, astern or toward the astern.ABEAM- At right angle to the centerline of and outside a ship.AMIDSHIP- In the middle portion of the ship.AFT- In, near or toward the astern.ASTERN- Toward the stern, an object or vessel that is abaft another vessel or object.ALONGSIDE- Beside a pier or berth.BOW- Forward part of a ship.BRIDGE- Raised platform which a ship is steered or navigated.BROADSIDE TO- At right angle to the fore and aft line of the ship.CENTERLINE- Imaginary line running from ship’s bow to astern
12 11. DEAD AHEAD- Directly ahead of the ship’s bow in the line of the centerline.12. DEAD ASTERN- Directly aft of a ship’s stern in line of thecenterline13. DRAFT- Depth of the water from the surface waterline to the ship’skeel.14. FREEBOARD- Height of ship’s side from the waterline to the maindeck.15. LEEWARD- Direction away from the wind.16. WINDWARD- Direction toward the wind.17. WATERLINE- The line which makes the surface with the hull.18. PORTSIDE- Left hand side of the ship facing forward.19. STARBOARDSIDE- Right hand side of the ship facing forward.20. QUARTERDECK – Part of the main deck reserved for honors andceremonies.
13 21. FANTAIL – Main deck section in the after part of the ship. DENOTES NOMENCLATURE/FITTINGS:BITTS- Strong iron post on ship’s deck for working or fastening lines; almost invariably in pairs.BULKHEAD- One of the vertical wall-like structure enclosing a compartment.BRIG- Prison aboardship or on shore.BOLLARD- Wooden or iron post on pier or wharf to which mooring lines are securedCLEAT- a small deck fitting of metal with horns used for securing lines.DECK- Aboardship, it corresponds to a floor.
14 7. COMPARTMENT- Corresponds to a room in a building. 8. OVERHEAD- Aboardship, it corresponds to a ceiling of a building.9. HEAD- Compartment of a ship having toilet facilities.10. SUPERSTRUCTURE- All equipments or fittings extending abovethe hull except armaments11. MAST- Upright spar supporting signal yard and antennas in a navalship.12. WARDROOM- Officer’s mess and lounge room aboardship13. YARDARM- a spar attached to a mast and running athwartship14. RUDDER- Flat vertical, movable, structure attached to the sternused for steering the ship.15. LAZARETTE- A storage compartment at the stern below deck.16. GALLEY- The ship’s kitchen
15 17. CABIN- The Captain’s living quarter. 18. QAUARTERS- Living space, assembly of the new.OTHER NAVAL TERMS:ADRIFT- Loose from mooring or out of placeAYE-AYE- Reply to an order to indicate that it is heard, understood and will be carried out.ABOARD- In or in the shipAVAST- a Command to cease or desist from whatever is being doneBILLET- Allotted sleeping place. A man’s position in the ship’s organizationALL HANDS- Entire ship’s companyBLACK GANG- Slang for engine force
16 BEAR A HAND- Lend a helping hand, speed up work BINNACLE LIST- Sick list, list of men excuse from dutyBOOT- Slang for a new recruitCOXWAIN- Enlisted men in charge of a boatCROSSING THE LINE- Crossing the earth’s equatorDOLPHIN- Cluster of piles at the corner or edge of a pierDEAD ON THE WATER- a ship is said to be Dead on the Water when she has neither headway nor sternway in the water, not moored, anchored or aground.FATHOMS- Six (6) feet unit of lengthFIELD DAY- General cleaning day, aboardship, usually before inspectionFLAG OFFICER- An officer of the rank of Commodore or above
17 GANGWAY- Opening in the bulkwark; to give entrance; an order to stand aside and get out of the way. GENERAL QAURTERS- Battle stations for all handsGIG – Ship’s boat designed for the commanding officer.JAVA – Slang for coffe.JUMP SHIP – Slang for leaving the ship without authority or permission.KNOCK OFF – To cease what is being done or to stop work.IRISH PENNANTS – Untidy loose end of lines carelessly left dangling, unauthorized hangings.LUCKY BAG – Stowage of articles found adrift.LANDLUBBERS – Term for one who has never been at sea.PASSAGEWAY – Corridors.PIPE DOWN – An order to keep silent.
18 29. PASS THE WORD – To repeat an order or information to the crew. 30. POLLYWOG – Person who has never been cross the equator.31. SHELLBACK – A man who has cross the equator and has been initiated.32. SEA DOG – Old sailor.33. SEA LAWYER – Enlisted men who likes to argue, usually one who thinks he can twist the regulations and standing orders around to favor his personal inclination.34. SKAG – Slang for cigarette.35. SHIPSHAPE – Neat, orderly condition.36. SICKBAY – Ship’s hospital or dispensary.37. SKIVVY – Slang for undershirt.38. SECURE – To make fast, to tie; an order given in completion of a drill or exercise meaning to withdraw from drill station.39. STANDBY – Preparatory; order meaning “GET ready or prepare to”
19 40. TURN TO – An order to begin work. 41. VERY WELL – A reply of a senior to a junior to indicate that information given is understood, or that permission is granted.42. IDLER – A day worker; one who stands no night watches.43. WATCH – A period of duty, usually of four hours duration.44. DAVYJONES LOCKER - The bottom of the sea.