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Information Technology INT1001 Lecture 7 Wired & Wireless Communication 1.

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Presentation on theme: "Information Technology INT1001 Lecture 7 Wired & Wireless Communication 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Information Technology INT1001 Lecture 7 Wired & Wireless Communication 1

2 Computers Are Your Future Tenth Edition Chapter 3: Wired & Wireless Communication Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall2

3 Wired & Wireless Communication 3Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall

4 Moving Data: Bandwidth and Modems Communications is the method of sending and receiving messages electronically between two points. Communication channels are the paths through which messages are passed from one location to another. Communication occurs over communication channels. 4Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall

5 Moving Data: Bandwidth and Modems Data movement over communication channels is performed through analog and digital signals. Analog signals obtain and translate data into continuous waveforms. Digital signals change data into discrete, discontinuous pulses. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall5

6 Moving Data: Bandwidth and Modems Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall6

7 Moving Data: Bandwidth and Modems The maximum amount of data transmitted through a communication channel is referred to as bandwidth. Broadband is any transmission medium transporting large amounts of data at high speeds. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall7

8 Moving Data: Bandwidth and Modems Communication devices that enable data transmission over telephone lines are known as modems. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall8

9 Moving Data: Bandwidth and Modems Modulation is the transformation of digital signals into analog signals. Demodulation is the transformation of analog signals into digital signals. The data transfer rate, the rate at which two modems exchange data, is measured in bits per second (bps). Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall9

10 Wired and Wireless Transmission Media Wired transmission media use solid forms, such as twisted-pair, coaxial, and fiber-optic cables, to transmit data. Wireless transmission media send data through the air or space by means of infrared, radio, or microwave signals. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall10

11 Wired and Wireless Transmission Media Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall11 Twisted-pair cables transmit data using four insulated twisted wires that shield against electromagnetic interference. Coaxial cables transmit data and consist of a center copper wire surrounded by a layer of braided wire.

12 Wired and Wireless Transmission Media Fiber-optic cable is made up of thin strands of glass or plastic that carry data through pulses of light. The infrared wireless transmission medium carries data through the air using light beams. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall12

13 Wired and Wireless Transmission Media Radio transmissions enable data in such forms as music, photos, and voice conversations to travel through the air as radio frequency or radio waves. Bluetooth is a short-range radio transmission technology that enables devices within 30 feet of each other to communicate wirelessly. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall13

14 Wired and Wireless Transmission Media Microwaves transmit data and are high-frequency electro-magnetic radio waves with very short frequencies. Satellites are microwave relay stations in space that transmit data through microwave signals to and from Earth-based stations. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall14

15 Wired and Wireless Transmission Media Direct Broadcast Satellite (DBS) is a consumer satellite technology that receives digital TV signals through the use of a reception dish. Computer systems using wireless transmission media require devices for communication called network access points. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall15

16 Wired Communication via the Public Switched Telephone Network The public switched telephone network (PSTN), a worldwide telephone system, is an immense network used for data and voice communications. A subscriber loop carrier (SLC) is a curbside installation that connects subscribers. A local loop is the area served by an SLC. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall16

17 Wired Communication via the Public Switched Telephone Network Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall17

18 Wired Communication via the Public Switched Telephone Network Multiplexing is a technique that enables sending more than one call over an individual line. Last-mile technologies provide solutions for bottlenecks that result from the inability of users to access the PSTN’s high-speed fiber-optic cables. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall18

19 Wired Communication via the Public Switched Telephone Network Integrated Services Digital Networking (ISDN) is the standard that makes digital telephone and data service available. Connecting computers to ISDN lines requires an ISDN adapter/digital modem. With ISDN, there is no extended dial-in or connection delay. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall19

20 Wired Communication via the Public Switched Telephone Network Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) is the broad term for a group of technologies that offer high-speed access to the Internet. A DSL modem is required to modulate and demodulate analog and digital signals. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall20

21 Wired Communication via the Public Switched Telephone Network Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall21

22 Wired Communication via the Public Switched Telephone Network A cable modem is a tool that gives a computer the ability to access the Internet through cable TV connections. Leased lines enable continuous end- to-end communication between two points through specially conditioned telephone lines, such as T1 lines. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall22

23 Wired Communication via the Public Switched Telephone Network Last-mile technologies include: ISDN and DSL Cable modems and leased lines T3 lines Synchronous Optical Network (SONET) Multichannel Multipoint Distribution Service (MMDS) Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall23

24 Convergence: Is It a Phone or a Computer? Digitization is the process of transforming data into a digital form. Convergence means two things in IT: The blending of multiple industries such as computers, consumer electronics, and telecommunications The blending of products such as personal computers and telephones Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall24

25 Convergence: Is It a Phone or a Computer? Cellular telephones, originally analog devices, are digital devices that use radio signals to transmit voice, image, text, and video data. Cells are the limited geographic areas through which signals are transmitted. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall25

26 Convergence: Is It a Phone or a Computer? Each cellular network includes multiple mobile switching centers (MSCs) that control communication within a set of cells. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall26

27 Convergence: Is It a Phone or a Computer? A Personal Communication Service (PCS) is a group of related digital cellular technologies that has rapidly replaced the majority of analog cellular services. Digital cellular technologies use convergence to make smartphones, which combine the features of phones and computing devices. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall27

28 Convergence: Is It a Phone or a Computer? Digital phones resolve some of the problems of analog telephones by: Reducing signal interference Increasing reception Enhancing protection from eavesdropping Making it more difficult to commit cell phone fraud Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall28

29 Convergence: Is It a Phone or a Computer? Web-enabled devices display and respond to markup languages, such as HTML or XML, that are used to build Web pages. Examples include: PDAs Smartphones Notebooks Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall29

30 Wired and Wireless Applications Internet telephony, aka VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol), uses the Internet for real-time voice communication. VoIP service providers offer computer- to-phone and phone-to-phone services for long-distance transmission through the Internet. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall30

31 Wired and Wireless Applications Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall31 Videoconferencing transmits sound and video images to people in different locations through digital video technology.

32 Wired and Wireless Applications Facsimile transmission (fax) makes it possible to transmit images of documents over telephone lines or the Internet. A computerized version of a standalone fax machine is known as a fax modem, which enables a computer to perform as a fax machine. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall32

33 Wired and Wireless Applications Satellite technology is used for: Air navigation TV and radio broadcasting Paging Videoconferencing Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall33

34 Wired and Wireless Applications Satellite radio is not affected by location, distance, or obstructions. Broadcasts of radio signals are sent through satellites orbiting the Earth. Use of satellites permits usage in areas with restricted local radio stations or bad AM/FM reception. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall34

35 Wired and Wireless Applications Global Positioning System (GPS) is a system of 27 satellites that interact to allow users to obtain driving directions and numerous other types of information. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall35

36 Wired and Wireless Applications Text messaging is comparable to receiving or transmitting small messages or instant messages through a cellular telephone. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall36

37 Wired and Wireless Applications Picture messaging is the transmission of color pictures and backgrounds. The cellular telephone acts as a camera. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall37

38 What You’ve Learned Bandwidth refers to the maximum data transfer capacity of a communication channel. Modems are used to modulate and demodulate data sent over dial-up phone lines. Communications involve both wired and wireless media. 38Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall

39 What You’ve Learned Use of the public switched telephone network (PSTN), which is mostly digital, is decreasing because of the increase in the use of broadband alternatives. Multiplexing is the sending of multiple telephone calls or messages on a single line. 39Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall

40 What You’ve Learned Digitization is the conversion of voice, text, graphic, audio, and video data into a digital format. Convergence is the merging of products like phones and computers 40Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall

41 What You’ve Learned Traditional wired technology can be used for VoIP and faxing, while wireless technology makes text and picture messages, satellite radios, and GPS services possible. 41Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall


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