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 Reason expansionists were interested in Cuba: 90 miles from Florida  Cuba had been trying for years to get rid of the imperialist power of Spain—Spain.

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Presentation on theme: " Reason expansionists were interested in Cuba: 90 miles from Florida  Cuba had been trying for years to get rid of the imperialist power of Spain—Spain."— Presentation transcript:

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2  Reason expansionists were interested in Cuba: 90 miles from Florida  Cuba had been trying for years to get rid of the imperialist power of Spain—Spain had always put down these rebellions  1896: Spain sent Gen. Valeriano Weyler to put down another revolt  He forced thousands of farmers into concentration camps to prevent them from helping the rebels in Cuba  Many Americans were sympathetic towards the Cubans—Americans saw the similarities between what the Cubans were going through & the American Revolution  William Randolph Hearst used the situation in Cuba to sell newspapers—reporters used sensational stories, yellow journalism, to tell Americans about the events in Cuba

3  Pres. McKinley was reluctant to go to war  Newspaper printed a letter written by Spain’s minister to the U.S.; in the letter, McKinley was ridiculed for being weak—Americans were outraged by these remarks  USS Maine had been sent to Havana to protect U.S. lives & property  Feb. 15, 1898: the ship blew up, killing 260 sailors—newspapers at the time reported it was from a Spanish mine  McKinley asked Congress for a declaration of war  April 25—Spanish-American War began  FYI: explosion was probably caused by an internal explosion  April 20, 1898—Congress recognized Cuba’s independence & offered its help to the country  Also adopted the Teller Amendment---once Cuba won its independence from Spain the U.S. would leave the government alone

4  Beginning battles of the war actually took place on the Spanish-held islands of the Philippines  U.S. fleet made their way into Manila Bay, led by Commodore George Dewey—U.S. fleet easily defeated the Spanish  U.S. was able to gain support of Filipino rebels, led by Emilio Aguinaldo, Spanish were cut off & forced to surrender August 14, 1898  Very small army in Cuba & had very little training; they did not have the right equipment & were not prepared for the climate  July 1898: U.S. troops attacked & wanted to capture San Juan Hill-Americans could then aim their guns down at Spanish troops  Teddy Roosevelt had resigned from the navy & led a cavalry unit of 1,000 men up San Juan Hill  The group was made up of college athletes, cowboys, American Indians, & African Americans, they were known as the Rough Riders

5  Rough Riders didn’t have their horses, so they charged up on foot; they were able to clear the way for the rest of the army & the U.S. took San Juan Hill  July 3, Navy sank a Spanish fleet off the coast of Cuba; Spanish suffered major casualties & were forced to surrender  Peace Treaty  Spain gave up all claim to Cuba  Ceded Puerto Rico & Guam to the U.S.  Spain gave up control of the Philippines, in return the U.S. paid Spain $20 million dollars  Result: U.S. had become an imperialist power overseas & the U.S. had more economic power

6  U.S. wanted the Philippines for 4 reasons:  It would serve as a trading post for goods from Asia  Good place for merchant ships to refuel  U.S. could bring democracy to the islands  U.S. could keep out any European powers on the islands  Feb. 6, 1899: Philippines were annexed to the U.S.  Emilio Aguinaldo had set up a provisional government in the Philippines with himself as the president; he warned the U.S., Filipinos would go to war if the U.S. tries to take the island  U.S. troops & Filipino rebels fought for 3 years over the control of the islands  1902: U.S. passed the Philippine Government Act  Set up a governor & a 2-house legislature to rule  U.S. would appoint the governor & the legislature’s upper house  July 4, 1946—U.S. finally granted independence to the Philippines


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