Presentation on theme: "America Enters the War 1914 - 1920 Chapter 6, Section 1."— Presentation transcript:
1America Enters the War 1914 - 1920 Chapter 6, Section 1
2Ch. 6 - General Overview Sec.1 – The U.S. Enters World War I Sec.2 – The U.S. Home FrontSec. 3 – The Bloody ConflictSec The Wars Impact
3- Big Idea -President Wilson believed that promoting democracy around the world would make the United States more stable and prosperous. These ideals led the to U.S. involvement in the Mexican Revolution. In Europe, tensions were mounting as Arch Duke Ferdinand and his Wife were assassinated by Serbian nationalists. The system of alliances guaranteed other nations would join the conflict, and although the U.S. tried to remain neutral, they entered the war in 1917.
4American Neutrality President Wilson wanted to remain neutral Hard for Americans - many European immigrants live in U.S.Ex – 8 mil Germans in America
5Pro-British British worked to win American support Used propaganda to gain supportBritain went as far as to cut the Trans-Atlantic Telegraph
7There was sympathy for great Britain and France – why? 1. Common ancestry and language with great Britain-2. U.S. & G.B. are both Democratic govts-3. Strong economic ties with GB & France they owe us money – Money Lent to fight / support war– how much do we get back if they go under?
8Britain began to deploy ships to block Germany from supplies Germany knew allies needed supplies from U.S.Germany wanted to cut off supply lines by deploying “Unterseeboots” (Under Sea boats) or “U-Boats”Battle at Sea
9U-Boat AtacksMay 7, 1915 – Germany attacked passenger ship “Lusistania” Killing 1,200 (128 American)Wilson Overlooked itMarch 1916 – Germany attacked French Ship “Sussex”Wilson Overlooked It – focus on Mexico
10Wilson Re-Elected Wilson demanded Germans stop attacking Germany did not want U.S to get involvedSussex Pledge – Germany would no longer attack merchant shipsWilson Re-Elected because “He kept us out of the war”
11Zimmerman TelegramGerman official Aurther Zimmerman – sent telegraph to Mexico (Jan.1917)Wanted Mexico to attack U.S.Goal - Tie up U.S. forcesPromised Mexico, Texas, New Mexico & Arizona after the war
12U.S. Joins War Zimmerman telegram intercepted & taken seriously Germany resumed unrestricted sub-warfare (Feb.1917)Between Feb 3 – March 21, Germany sunk 6 U.S. Merchant ShipsWilson Declared War April 12, 1917!