Presentation on theme: "5th Six Weeks Tuesday April 01, 2014 Standards: 4A,4C,4D,4E,4F Materials: (2) sheets of paper Half of one sheet will be for TWEDY rest will be for notes."— Presentation transcript:
5th Six Weeks Tuesday April 01, 2014 Standards: 4A,4C,4D,4E,4F Materials: (2) sheets of paper Half of one sheet will be for TWEDY rest will be for notes Instructions for Warm-up: Take out a sheet of Paper and write a TWEDY about the political cartoon. Do you think WWI gave new opportunities to women? Express if you agree/disagree Lesson Title: World War I Guiding Question: How did WWI impact/change the world?
T EKS : 4A: U.S. A S A W ORLD P OWER The United States is recognized as a world power due to many significant events, polices, and individuals. Events: Spanish American, U.S. expansionism, Triple Entente. Policies: American Neutrality and Selective Service Act, Individuals: Henry Cabot Lodge, Alfred Mahan, Theodore Roosevelt, and Sanford Dole.
T EKS 4A: E VENTS Spanish- American War U.S. most serious involvement in Latin America happened in Mexico a revolution broke out in 1910. Wilson did not accept Mexico as a government system. In April 1914, President Wilson sent 800 marines to seize Veracruz. Rebellion after rebellion erupted. The Mexican army was commanded by Franciso Villa in which American casualty resulted. As the rebellion drew out longer Wilson sent 12,000 troops led by John J. Pershing. Due to Villa escaping from capture the army were recalled by Wilson in preparation of WWI. U.S. Expansionism With the acquisition of the Louisiana Territory from France, followed by the displacement of Spain from Florida, the subsequent demise of the Spanish empire in Latin America, and the favorable resolution of lingering trade and territorial difference, with Great Britain in the War of 1812, the United States was free to exercise regional hegemony (dominance).
4A: E VENTS C ONT. Triple Entente An informal alliance among Great Britain, France, and Russia the period before World War I. This alliance opposed the Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria- Hungary, and Italy. The Dual Alliance (1894) between France and Russia help protect both nations in case of attack from Triple Alliance. After World War I broke out, the Entente powers signed a formal military alliance. They fought together until 1917, when Russia withdrew from the war.
C HECK YOUR U NDERSTANDING #1 What were the three countries in the Triple Entente and what three countries did they oppose?
4A. P OLICIES American Neutrality Under President Woodrow Wilson America adopted a policy of neutrality/isolationism when WWI broke out. Although the United States provided goods/services to Allies. Pres. Wilson did not want to take sides. This changed shortly. Selective Service Act (May 18. 1917) The act required all men in the U.S. between the ages of 21- 30 to register for military service. Within a few months, some 10 million men across the country had registered in response to the military draft.
4A: INDIVIDUALS Henry Cabot Lodge- Elected to the Massachusetts House of representatives (1933). In 1936, he was elected as the U.S. Senate as a Republican. Alfred Mahan- American naval officer and historian who was a highly influential exponent of sea power in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Theodore Roosevelt- 26th president of the U.S. (1901–09) writer, naturalist, and soldier. He expanded the powers of the presidency and of the federal government and steered the nation toward an active role in world politics, particularly in Europe and Asia. Sanford B. Dole- First president of the Republic of Hawaii (1894–1900), and first governor of the Territory of Hawaii (1900–03) after it was annexed by the U.S.
P ICTURES Henry C. Lodge, Alfred Mahan, Theodore Roosevelt, and Sanford B. Dole
T EKS 4C:C AUSE /R EASON Causes of WWI On June 28,1914 in Serbia the Austrian Archduke Ferdinand was killed His murder destabilized the allies which caused Austria- Hungary to declare war on Serbia in which Russia Serbia’s ally declared war on Austria- Hungary and so on. U.S. Entry (1914) Trading ships were being attacked and sunken by German boats. Germany announced unrestricted warfare against all ships in British isles. The Lusitania was torpedoed. The U.S. broke diplomatic relations with Germany and joined the war.
C HECK YOUR UNDERSTANDING #2 Who's murder destabilized the allies?
T EKS 4D: A MERICAN E XPEDITIONARY F ORCES Entered the Great war in 1917 American were not happy that the U.S. entered the war rather majority of the population wanted to stay neutral AEF fought alongside with the French and British (against the Germans) AEF occupied most of the Western Front (Britain and Commonwealth Nations combined)
T EKS :4E T ECHNOLOGICAL I NNOVATIONS Tanks were used to cross the lands in the “ no mans land” war, carrying bigger supplies. 1915 the tanks were designed and in 1916 the tanks were first used in Somme. In 1914 machine guns required 4-6 operators. The machine guns shot 400- 600 callbre rounds per minute. A single machine gun is equal to 60-100 rifles. Poisonous gas was first used in August 1914 by the French (tear gas) against the Germans. Germans later studied the gas and improved it to create the Chlorine gas which caused severe problems in the respiratory organs.
T EKS 4E: C ONT. Air planes were used for supplies, bombs, spotting artillery. Later machine guns were placed on the upper wings of the aircraft. Trenches were 8-10 feet deep and used to be protected from artillery and other armed fire. There were living quarters, kitchens, hospitals that were built inside the trenches.
C HECK YOUR U NDERSTANDING #3 Give two examples of the weapons that were used during this era?
4F:M AJOR I SSUES I SOLATIONISM /N EUTRALITY Kept the U.S. out of the fights Did not impede the sale of U.S. goods to nations involved in the war. Woodrow Wilson’s fourteen Points The points were given in a speech he gave to the American Congress in January 1918 1.No more secret agreements 2.Free navigation of all seas 3.An end to all economic barriers between countries 4.Countries to reduce weapon numbers 5.All decision regarding the colonies should be impartial 6.The German army is to be removed from Russia. Russia should be left to develop her own political set-up 7.Belgium should be independent like before the war 8.France should be fully liberated and allowed to recover Alsace- Lorraine 9.All Italians are to be allowed to live in Italy. Italy’s borders are to be “along clearly recognizable lines of nationality.” 10.Self-determination should be allowed for all those living in Austria- Hungary
4F:C ONT. 11. Self- determination and guarantees of independence should be allowed for the Balkan States 12.The Turkish people should be governed by the Turkish government. Non- Turks in the old Turkish Empire should govern themselves 13.An independent Poland should be created which should have access to the sea. 14.A league of nations should be set up to guarantee the political and territorial independence of all states.