2 StandardAnalyze the effect of urban political machines and responses by immigrants and middle-class reformers.Essential Question: Why did the Haymarket Square Riot and Pullman Riots happen? What happened as a result?
3 Labor Unions Collective bargaining Unions allow workers to negotiate with their bosses as a groupshorter work hours, safer working conditions,unions collect dues to raise money for their causesthe National Labor Union = 1st Large Labor Union
5 Partner AGive an example of a Collective Bargaining Union? Explain the advantages of disadvantages of having a Union.
6 Get A Job!!! Skilled Worker Unskilled Worker workers that possess some expertise, training, or education that make them hard to replacemasons, carpenters, blacksmiths, and bakersUnskilled Workerworkers that possess no specific training and are easily replacedminer, factory assembly
7 In this slide we see coal miners, most of whom are boys, in Pennsylvanian. (2.2G)
9 Strike Terminology…Don’t Write work-to-ruleworkers perform their tasks exactly as they are required to but no bettersickoutthe strikers call in sicksit-down strikeworkers may occupy the workplace, but refuse either to do their jobs or to leavegeneral strikeStrike that involve all workers, or a number of large and important groups of workers, in a particular community or regionsympathy strikeone group of workers refuses to cross a picket line established by another as a means of supporting the striking workers.
11 Bomb Riots Haymarket Square Riot, 1886 Rally for union workers Bomb Went OffTurned into a riotkilled 7 police and many civilians8 anarchists were arrested for murderanti-immigrant, anti-labor prejudice hurt unions
12 Partner BWhat happened at the Haymarket Square Riot?
13 Knights Of Labor Knights of Labor, 1869 secretive union that allowed any worker (skilled or unskilled) to joinexcept liquor dealers, gamblers, and lawyersbecame very unpopular after the Haymarket Square riot
14 Partner AWhat was the downfall of the Knights of Labor?
15 Samuel GompeRs American Federation of Labor, 1886 Led by Samuel GompersMade up of skilled unionsAFL is the largest union organization in the US todaySuccessfulit was anti-immigrant especially anti-Chinese
16 strikers at a textile mill in Lawrence, Massachusetts, being held back by federal troops. (2.2H)
17 STRIKE!!!Pullman Strike, 1893Pullman Palace Car Company cut pay by 28%worker’s rent was not lowered125,000+ workers went on strike in Chicagoshut down the nation’s railroads12,000 troops broke up the strike because they interfered with the US MailEugene V. Debs went to jail and became a socialist