Presentation on theme: "SECRETARIA DE ESTADO DE MEDIO AMBIENTE Y RECURSOS NATURALES Subsecretaría de Áreas Protegidas y Biodiversidad “Marine Protected Areas of the Dominican."— Presentation transcript:
SECRETARIA DE ESTADO DE MEDIO AMBIENTE Y RECURSOS NATURALES Subsecretaría de Áreas Protegidas y Biodiversidad “Marine Protected Areas of the Dominican Republic” Ing. Héctor Iván González Brioso Presented by: IABIN Marine Protected Areas Workshop March 11th-13th of 2008, Ocho Rios Jamaica
Some characteristics of the Dominican Republic Area: 48,442 km². Perimeter: 1,963 km (1,575 km of coast and 488 km of boarder with Haiti). Lowest point is the Enriquillo Lake with 43 m under the sea level and the highest is the Duarte´s Peak with 3,175 m over the sea level, being the highest of the Antilles.
Objectives of the National System of Protected Areas 1.- Preserve the representative natural ecosystems of the diverse biographic and ecological regions of the country. 2.- Protect the watersheds, hydrologic cycles, biotic communities, particular genetic resources and the genetic diversity of natural ecosystems and their elements. 3.- Support the development of ecotechnics and improve the rational and sustainable used of the natural ecosystems and their elements. 4.- Protect scenaries and natural views.
Distribution of the protected areas by the Law 202-04 6 Scientific Reserves. 2 Marine Mammals Sanctuary. 17 National Parks. 2 Submarine National Parks. 17 Natural Monuments. 15 Wildlife Refugie. 15 Forest Reserve. 9 Panoramic view. 3 Recreational National Area. Total of 86 protected areas, which 34 have already administration. These areas represent the 25% of the national territory.
Marine Protected Areas Marine Mammals Sanctuary Banco de la Plata y de la Navidad Estero Hondo National Parks Enriquillo Lake Los Haitises Del Este Jaragua Manglares de Estero Balsa Manglares del Bajo Yuna
Marine Protected Areas Submarine National Parks Montecristi La Caleta Natural Monuments Dunas de Las Calderas Isla Catalina Wildlife Refugie Lagunas Redonda y Limón Cayo Siete Hermanos Laguna Rincón o Cabral
Management Of the 86 protected areas that are included in the National System of Protected Areas, only 34 counts with administration. This administration consist in a manager, supervisor, rangers, secretarys, in the case of marine areas a boat captain, ticket sellers, etc.
Jaragua National Park Big representation of the dry forest, wetland, mangroves, cultural and historical resources, islands, unique, endemic and endangered species. Is part of the Biosphere Reserve Jaragua- Bahoruco-Enriquillo declared by the UN in 2002
SEA STAR SOLENODON JUTIA TURTLE SNAKES MANATEES LIZARD
GENERAL INFOMRATION NATIONAL PARK OF THE EAST AREA 430 SQUARE KILOMETERS LOCATION SOUTHEAST OF THE DOMINICAN REPUBLIC CLIMATE RAINFALL FLUCTUATES BETWEEN 38 AND 79 INCHES PER YEAR LIFE ZONES HUMID SUBTROPICAL FOREST AND DRY SUBTROPICAL FOREST VEGETATION 573 SPECIES (53 ENDEMIC, 484 NATIVE 35 INTRODUCED) AVIFAUNA 144 SPECIES (9 ENDEMIC OF THE ISLAND AND 11 OF THE CARIBBEAN) FAUNA MAJORITY OF HISPANIOLANS MAMALS ENDANGERED SPECIES SOLENODON, JUTIA, CARIBBEAN MANATEE, LOGGER-HEAD TURTLE, GREEN TURTLE AND HAWSKBILL TURTLE INSTITUTION IN CHARGE OF CONSERVANCY VICE-MINISTRY OF PROTECTED AREAS AND BIODIVERSITY ACTIVITIES OFFER TREKING, HORSE RIDING, SCUBA-DIVING, BIRDS OBSERVATION, CAVES OBSERVATION, SWIMING, SCIENTIFIC INVESTIGATIONS, VOLLEY BALL… SERVICES TRANSPORTATION, BOAT TRIPING, FOOD SERVICES, BATHROOMS, TOURGUIDES
MAJOR PROBLEMS Un-effective garbage control. Water pollution by boats. Damaged species caused by the visitor´s impact. Few infrastructures for a good service. No control of charge capacity. Few ecological paths. Forest fires. No environmental management control.
Los Haitises National Park Karstic system, historical and cultural resources, wetland, mangroves, endemic, singular and endangered flora and fauna, wide cave system
Natural Monument Dunas de Las Calderas Dunes protection system, most singular dunes of the Caribbean and fauna and flora associated to it
Enriquillo Lake National Park Biggest lake of the Antilles and serves as protection of endemic species of the region and the island. Crocodriles (american) and iguanas. Is part of the Biosphere Reserve Jaragua-Bahoruco-Enriquillo declared by the UN in 2002