5 Nomads to Civilized Folk Paleolithic PeriodEarliest humans used tools, fireHunters/gatherersCulture evidenced by cave paintings
6 Neolithic Revolution About 10,000BC Grow grains and domesticate animalsLeads to permanent communitiesFirst civilizations spring up
7 Egypt and Western Asia! Boom Civilizations Developing cities Organized statesPolitical, military, social, and religious systemsWritten languageRecord keepingENORMOUS monumentsBustSmaller states rise: Phoenicians and IsraelitesAssyrians and Persians bring peace and prosperity to Middle East
17 Roman Empire Biggest Contributor to American Society Language, culture, politics, law, societal constructs, architectureCity of Rome unifies Italian peninsulaRepublic ruled by oligarchy of aristocratsRepublic to EmpireDefeating Carthage, Macedonia, Greece, and moreAnd then….COLLAPSECivil war, invasion, plague, economic declineChristianity takes root
24 World of Islam – 700CE Contributions Math, science, literature, and artArab EmpireMuhammadUmayyad and Abbasid DynastiesIslamic CivilizationBuilt on QuranExtensive trade networkFrom E Europe to SE Asia!Absorbed conquered cultureBrought code of law and written language to conquered ppls
27 Early Africa – 1300 AD Major Civilizations Egypt, Kush, Axum Zimbabwe under IslamTrading StatesGhana and MaliSonghai Empire: salt and goldSocietyBased on lineage groupsMany gods and spiritsAncestor worshipTraditions in art, music and architectureEuropean threatAround 1400 AD the Portuguese began exploring West Africa for gold and slaves.
28 Medieval Asia – 500 CE Massive growth and conflict China Five dynasties over 1000 yearsJapanLong isolated, begins to adopt Chinese customs, technology, and cultureIndiaInvasions from Islam, sultanate of DelhiReligious turmoil: Hindus, Buddhists, and MuslimsSoutheast AsiaOther societies flourish because of the success and power of Chinese and India civilizations
30 Europe in Middle Ages – 800 CE Western Civilization Begins!Carolingian EmpireFall of Western Roman EmpireCharlemagne fuses Rome and Germans with ChristianityFeudalism puts nobles in chargeHigh Middle Ages1000 to 1300 sees rapid growth in agriculture, production, trade, cities, towns, and economiesCatholicism is KingDominant religionCulture and Decline1300s include plague, war, trade declines, and a series of unfortunate events.
32 Byzantine Empire Eastern Rome becomes Byzantine Empire Prospers for hundreds of yearsMacedonia – 9th, 10th, and 11th CenturiesCulture SpreadsTo the Balkans, central Europe and RussiaGreek classics make comebackFalls because of Crusades and Ottoman Turks in 1452
34 Americas – 5000BC Central/South Cultures North Cultures Maya and Aztec Calusa in Florida!Central/South CulturesMaya and AztecTemples, pyramids, palacesPolytheisticHuman sacrificeIncaFall to Spanish in 15th CenturyNorth CulturesInuit, Anasazi, and Iroquois, etc.
38 Discussion & ReviewThe eastern Roman Empire became the _________ EmpireByzantineName two civilizations which pyramids?Mesoamerican and EgyptianIn Central and South America, what dominant cultures first flourished?Maya, Aztek, & Inca