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Wheelock XXVIII Subjunctive Mood--Present Jussive & Purpose Clauses.

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Presentation on theme: "Wheelock XXVIII Subjunctive Mood--Present Jussive & Purpose Clauses."— Presentation transcript:

1 Wheelock XXVIII Subjunctive Mood--Present Jussive & Purpose Clauses

2 Recall... Verbs have... Person Number Tense Voice Mood Mood: "manner" of expressing a verbal action - Imperative, Indicative, Subjunctive

3 Moods Imperative: emphatically commands someone to undertake an action Indicative: indicates real actions (ones that have occurred, that are occurring, or almost definitely will occurr) Subjunctive: in general, the mood of potential, tentative, hypothetical, ideal, or unreal action

4 Present Subjunctive *We fear a liar* 1st2nd3rd4th3rd-io laudemmoneamagamaudiamcapiam laudēsmoneāsagāsaudiāscapiās laudetmoneatagataudiatcapiat And, of course, the plural personal endings (-mus, - tis, -nt) for the plural forms Passive would use passive endings: lauder, laudēris, laudētur, etc.

5 Parse the following verbs: 1.mittet 1.mittat 1.mittit 1.det 1.dat 6.dēlentur 7.dēleantur 8.dēleam 9.dēlēte 10. dēleamus

6 The Jussive Subjunctive a gentle command (from iubēre, to order) Also known as the hortatory subjunctive (from hortor, hortarī = to urge, encourage); this is sometimes reserved for 1st person nē is used for negative commands We'll commonly translate with the word let but may also use may o Discipulus discat, Let the student learn or May... o Doceāmus linguam Latīnam o Nē id faciāmus

7 Purpose Clauses subordinate clauses indicating purpose ut (or nē for negative) + subjunctive Hoc dīcit ut eōs iuvet. o He says this to help them. o... in order to help them.* o... that he may help them. o... so that he may help them. Discēdit nē id audiat. Cum cūrā docet ut discipulī bene discant.

8 Translate: Identify use of the subjunctive 1.Ratiō dūcat, nōn fortūna.* 1.Arma togae cēdant. 1.Ex urbe nunc discēde nē metū et armīs opprimar. 1.Rapiāmus, amīcī, occāsiōnem dē diē.* 1.Fēminae ad lūdōs semper veniunt ut videant--et ut videantur.

9 Translate 1.Dē mortuīs nihil nisi bonum dīcāmus. 1.In hāc rē ratiō habenda est ut monitiō et acerbitāte careat. (monitiō, -ōnis = admonition; acerbitās, -tātis = noun of acerbus) 1.Ut amēris, amā. 1.Cūr nōn mitto meōs tibi, Pontiliāne, libellōs? Nē mihi tū mittās, Pontiliāne, tuōs.

10 1.Primum diem ā Sōle appellāvērunt, quī prīnceps est omnium stēllārum ut īdem diēs est prae omnibus diēbus aliīs. 2.Secundum diem ā Lūnā appellāvērunt, quae ex Sōle lūcem accēpit. 3.Tertium ab stēllā Mārtis, quae vesper appellātur. 4.Quārtum ab stēllā Mercuriī. 5.Quīntum ab stēllā Iovis. 6.Sextum ā Veneris stēllā quam Lūciferum appellāvērunt, quae inter omnēs stēllās plūrimum lūcis habet. 7.Septimum ab stēlla Sāturnī, quae dīcitur cursum suum trīgintā annīs explēre. 8.Apud Hebraeōs autem diēs prīmus dīcitur ūnus diēs sabbatī, quī in linguā nostrā diēs dominicus est, quem pāgānī Sōlī dēdicāvērunt.

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12 1.Conjugate lego, legere, lēgī, lectum in the present active subjunctive. 2.Conjugate cogitō, cogitāre, cogitāvī, cogitātum in the present passive subjunctive. 3.Translate: a)Ut amēris, amā. b)Ratiō ducat, nōn fortuna. c)Rapiāmus occāsiōnem dē diē. d)Vīvāmus, mea Lesbia, atque amēmus. e)Conturbēmus illa, nē sciāmus numerum bāsiōrum. 4.What type of clause is ut amēris in Sentence A? 5.What usage of the subjunctive is present in Sentence D?


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