EMPLOYER-WORKER RELATIONS PAGE 105 IN TEXTBOOK READ AS A CLASS WHY DID THE GENERAL MOTORS WORKERS GO ON STRIKE? HOW DOES THIS STORY EXPLAIN THE EMPLOYER’S LACK OF RESPECT TOWARDS WORKERS?
Employers owe certain things to their employees: – Payment for their work – Training & supervision – Orientation to the workplace – Honesty & respect – Fair employment practices – Protection from discrimination – Safe working conditions
An employer who pays your salary has a right to tell you what to do and how to do it as long as it is not unlawful Most employees realize that honesty and respect toward their employees are essential Workers are not robots, they are human beings with pride and self-worth WHAT CAN HAPPEN WHEN A COMPANY FORGETS ABOUT EMPLOYEES’ FEELINGS?
Fair Employment Practices – The manners and methods by which employers deal with their employees Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) – A federal law that applies to employers that do business in more than 1 states and have annual sales above a certain amount – FLSA covers child labor laws wages and hours equal pay equal work
Child Labor – Covers workers under the age of 18 Under 15 can’t work during school hours or in factories – Most states issue a work permit to those 14-17 years old – Protects the health and welfare of minors – Regulates type of work they can do
Wages and Hours – FLSA sets standards for min. wages and max. hours – Minimum wage is the lowest hourly wage the law permits employers to pay workers – Employers must pay a training wage to workers under the age of 20 (85% of min. wage) Allowed to pay this first 90 days of employment – FLSA sets length of standard workweek 40 hours during a 7-day period – Time worked beyond 40 hours is overtime Paid 1 ½ times their regular rate
Equal Pay What if you and another worker… – Worked for same amount of time – Have the same skills – One makes more than the other – Equal Pay Act of 1963 Made it illegal for different pay scales for same work
Discrimination – Favoring 1 person as compared to another – Laws protect workers from being discriminated against by employers Ex) Not being hired b/c of your race – Civil Rights Act of 1964 Protects from discrimination based on: race, color, religion, gender or national origin
Equal Employment Opportunity – Employers, cannot discriminate against people because of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin – EEOC makes sure these Civil Rights Acts are followed – Age Discrimination Act of 1967 (added to Civil Rights Act) Keeps companies from discriminating against people ages 40-70 – Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (added to Civil Rights Act) Protected people with physical or mental disabilities – Americans with Disabilities Act (1992) Gives civil rights to people with disabilities – Family and Medical Leave Act Requires companies with 50+ employees to approve up to 12 weeks unpaid leave per year without being fired
Affirmative Action – Set of policies and programs designed to correct past discrimination – Most AA programs include special efforts to hire and promote women, members of minority groups, people with disabilities, and Vietnam veterans – To make up for unfair decisions made in the past
1.What are the duties of employers? 2.Why should employers treat employees with respect and honesty? 3.Name 3 areas that the FSLA covers 4.Civil Rights Act of 1964 makes discrimination illegal if based on what 5 areas? What 2 others were added in 1967 and 1973?
Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) – Government agency that sets and enforces standards for safe and healthful working conditions All workplaces shall be kept as clean as the nature of the work allows Caution signs, warnings, sharp objects kept out of way, proper uniforms – OSHA makes random inspections of work places – If hazards are found, employers can be fined and/or business shut down – 2 ETHICAL DECISION READINGS: PG 108, 111
New employees are more likely to get hurt Statistics – 27 out of 100 scaffolding workers said they had no training on safety before beginning work – 71 out of 100 workers who suffered head injuries claimed they had no instructions about hard hats
Never use a tool or equipment that does not have a safety guard attached Use earplugs at all times if needed Do not “horse around” in the workplace Be extra careful when you get tired—avoid accidents Find out what chemicals you are working with before handling them YOU are responsible for your own safety
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