Presentation on theme: "C.W. Homefront. Mood Strong fear of commie. takeover in world paranoia (again) Loyalties questioned Loyalty oaths taken in some professions (teachers,"— Presentation transcript:
Are You Loyal? Gov. workers’ questioned–1947- 1951 Truman issued Fed. Employee Loyalty Program = investigate gov. workers & fire peeps found to be disloyal to U.S. Created list of “subversive” orgs.; if member, you were suspicious Peeps not allowed to see “evidence” against them
Commies in Movies? House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) – formed 1947 Investigated commie. influence in movie industry Sneaking pro. S.U. propaganda into films 43 witnesses subpoenaed in Hollywood 10 refused to testify (a.k.a. “Hollywood 10”) = felt it violated their constitutional rights; sent to prison
HUAC Outcome Hollywood execs. created a blacklist Blacklist = list of peeps condemned for having commie background or association Careers ruined ‘cuz nobody would hire them Approx. 500 peeps affected
Witch Hunt in D.C. Sen. Joseph McCarthy charged commies were taking over gov. Played on Am. paranoia Held hearings 1951-1953 Unsupported accusations against gov. officials McCarthyism = tactic of accusing peeps of disloyalty w/o evidence
McCarthy vs. U.S. Army 1954 – accused Army officers of commie ties Televised hearings showed him bullying witnesses Lost a lot of support & charged w/dishonoring the Senate
Space Race Arms Race Ams. built bomb shelters & held air raid drills 1956 – Nikita Khrushchev new leader 4 S.U. Favored “peaceful coexistence” w/U.S. Compete econ. & scientifically
Space Events Oct. 4, 1957 – S.U. launched 1 st satellite “Sputnik” Jan. 31, 1958 – U.S. launched 1 st satellite April 12, 1961 – S.U. puts 1 st man in space May 5, 1961 – 1 st American in space (Alan Shepard) July 20, 1969 – U.S. puts 1 st man on moon (Neil Armstrong)
Summary Recap in your own words what you have learned from the previous slides about the attitude and atmosphere of the Cold War in the U.S. during the 1950s & ‘60s.
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