Presentation on theme: "FITNESSGRAM : Winter Training"— Presentation transcript:
1FITNESSGRAM 2012-2013: Winter Training Department of Physical Education, Health and AthleticsSDUSD
2What is the FITNESSGRAM? Health-related fitness assessmentEstablishes fitness levels (Healthy Fitness Zones) needed to maintain health and avoid preventable diseasesA battery of 6 tests assesses 5 health-related components of physical fitnessCardiovascular fitnessMuscular strengthMuscular enduranceFlexibilityBody composition
3What has changed?In 2011, the CA State Board of Education adopted new Healthy Fitness Zones (HFZs) for Body Mass Index and Aerobic Capacity for the spring testing windowRepresents a paradigm shift away from performance-based measures to a more accurate prediction of system function and efficiencyProvides more specific information about potential health risks and allows for more prescriptive feedback messages to students and parents
4Why the changes? Data driven-change Aerobic Capacity Body Composition Excessively high passing rates for young girlsClassification disagreement between PACER and One-Mile RunBody CompositionStandards for very young children did not discriminate adequatelyClassification disagreement between % Body Fat and BMI valuesMuch more data for children is now available upon which to base HFZ standards
5What does the research say? Body CompositionNew HFZs reflect the recent work of the FITNESSGRAM Scientific Advisory Board that looked at BMI and the level of blood test indicators (i.e., HDL/LDL cholesterol and triglycerides) associated with preventable diseasesNew HFZs consider age and gender to measure BMI and reflect the natural developmental trends for boys to gain muscle and girls to gain fat through adolescence, as well as health risksAerobic CapacityNew HFZs reflect VO2max values that define potential risk for metabolic syndrome and take into account normal changes in growth and maturationNew HFZs predict VO2max using BMI, and are a better indicator of the function and efficiency of the cardio- respiratory system
6How do the changes impact teachers? Test administration protocol does not changeSome teachers feel the new HFZs are unfair and punitive for students with a high BMITeachers are used to performance-based measures in physical education (e.g., number of reps, motor skill form, distance run, weight lifted, etc.)Teachers can no longer tell students the number of PACER laps or mile time they need to achieve to be in the HFZ for aerobic capacityTeachers can no longer use a performance-based perspective or the new HFZs will appear punitiveChanges will show up in reporting student results
7What is NEW for body composition? Healthy Fitness Zones (HFZs) vary by age and genderPreviously % body fat was a consistent cut off based on gender (25% for boys, 32% for girls)New standards reflect % body fat that defines risk for metabolic syndromeThere are now 4 Classification ZonesVery LeanHealthy Fitness ZoneNeeds Improvement – Some RiskNeeds Improvement – High RiskThis change will affect all grade levels and genders
8Body Composition Assessment Options Skinfold calipers - inexpensive, accurate if the user has been trainedBioelectrical impedance – more accurate if 4 contact points, less if only 2 contact pointsA protocol must be followed:Can’t eat or drink 30 minutes prior to the testMust urinate 30 minutes prior to the testGirls cannot be on their periodInfrared - expensive, easy to use, 3-5% error
9What is NEW for aerobic capacity? Output is now expressed as Aerobic Capacity (VO2max) vs. PACER laps or One-Mile Run timeHeight and weight must be collected for ALL students in order to calculate VO2maxValues for boys increase with age while the values for girls decreaseThere are now 3 Classification ZonesHealthy Fitness ZoneNeeds Improvement – Some RiskNeeds Improvement – High RiskFewer young girls, more young boys and fewer older boys will achieve the new HFZEvaluating aerobic capacity based solely on the performance result without including BMI is an oversimplification and can result in errors in classification
10What is metabolic syndrome? Metabolic syndrome is considered as a group of risk factors that collectively promote the development of cardiovascular disease and increases the risk of diabetesThree of the following five risk factors must be present:High blood pressureHigh fasting glucoseHigh waist circumferenceHigh triglyceridesLow HDL cholesterol
11What is aerobic capacity? Body’s ability to take in, transport and convert oxygen to energy during exercise
12How does FITNESSGRAM measure aerobic capacity? The gold standard measure of aerobic capacity is VO2max
13What is VO2max?VO2max is the maximum rate that your body can take in, transport, and use oxygen during incremental exerciseV is for volume or how much per unit of timeO2 is for oxygen; we breathe it inVO2max is also known as maximal oxygen consumption, maximal oxygen uptake, peak oxygen uptake or aerobic capacity
14Why is aerobic capacity important? What benefits will your students experience by improving their aerobic capacity? Turn and talk to a partner.
18OR…Use a Formula to Calculate VO2max Use this online spreadsheet to enter a student’s PACER lap count or one mile-run time along with height and weight to determine the student’s aerobic capacity (VO2max) and BMI scores. It will perform the necessary calculations for both aerobic capacity and BMI.
19Step 3: Select the appropriate test… Mile Run TestRequires student age, gender, height, weight, mile timeVO2max will not be estimated if time exceeds 13 min.PACER TestRequires student age, gender, height, weight, PACER to one mile conversion timeVO2max will not be estimated if PACER to one mile conversion time exceeds 13 min.Walk TestOnly for students 13 and olderRequires age, gender, height, weight, one-mile walk time, one minute heart rate at end of walk
20Strategies for Implementing Change Make the paradigm shift as a teacher – the expectations for attaining the new HFZs are different!Motivation for students on the aerobic capacity tests cannot be based on “how much” they have to doStudents should be instructed to “do their best”Use a thoughtful, emotionally-sensitive approach to explain the new HFZsStress to students the effects of higher BMI upon the function and efficiency of the cardiorespiratory systemGive students adequate time to prepare for all of the testsGive high school students an opportunity to try ALL 3 aerobic capacity tests and to select their test preference
21Strategies for Implementing Change (cont’d.) Allow students with a higher BMI the chance to perform the Walk Test; there is some evidence that this is a better measure of AC for those with a higher BMIExplain aerobic metabolism, aerobic capacity, and the effects of higher BMI on the cardiorespiratory systemProvide support such as opportunities to practice beyond the school day, pre-testing in the fall, exercise logs, accountability for exercising over school breaks, development of fitness plans, goal-setting instruction, fitness/wellness links on teacher’s website, etc.Disseminate updated information to parents and administrators
22Ensuring a Valid TestTeachers must administer the FITNESSGRAM subtests with fidelity, to ensure reliable and valid resultsA high school student tested in San Jose must be tested in the exact same way as a student in San DiegoCertificated teachers are the only ones who may conduct the test or enter data, never coaches, parents or volunteersStudents should never test other students during the actual testThe cadence CDs should always be used for the PACER, curl-up and push-up testsThe test is invalid if a teacher calls the cadence!
23SDUSD Testing Window Spring: February 25th to March 22nd 5th, 7th, 9th – 12th gradersNew FITNESSGRAM kits will be supplied to every elementary and middle school site this springHigh schools received kits in the fallTeachers will have to pick up their kits and testing packets and sign for them around the third week of February.
24SDUSD ReportingPass/fail scores will still appear in Data Director since they are reported cumulativelyThe new classification zones for body composition and aerobic capacity will only appear in the parent letter
25SDUSD FITNESSGRAM Support Physical Education, Health and Athletics DepartmentBrenna Baringer: or(619)Assessment Services DepartmentSamantha Clabaugh: or(619)
26FITNESSGRAM Resources Training Videos3-6 minute training videos for ALL 13 FITNESSGRAM TestsCalifornia Department of EducationEd Code, California Resources, Coordinator ManualCooper InstituteFrequently Asked Questions (FAQs)Presidential Youth FitnessTools such as VO2max calculatorHuman KineticsOrder Training Manuals, Cadence CDs and Equipment