5 Intentional Copying a friend’s work Buying or borrowing papers Cutting and pasting blocks of text from electronic sources without documentingMedia “borrowing” without documentationWeb publishing without permissions of creators
6 Unintentional Careless paraphrasing Poor documentation Quoting excessivelyFailure to use your own “voice”
7 True or False?Committing plagiarism results in a failing grade.
8 Is it worth the risk? “0” on the assignment Parent notification Referral to administratorsSuspension or dismissal from school activities--sports and extracurricularNote on student recordLoss of reputation among the school community
9 Ways to prevent plagiarism Quotations are the exact words of an author, copied directly from a source, word for word. Quotations must be cited!“ “
10 Ways to eliminate plagiarism Paraphrasing means rephrasing the words of an author, putting his/her thoughts in your own words.When you paraphrase, you rework the source’s ideas, words, phrases, and sentence structures using your own words. Like quotations, paraphrased material must be followed with in-text documentation and cited on your Works-Cited page.
11 Paraphrasing does NOT mean changing one or two words in someone else's work or using synonyms to replace certain words. If you do this, you are plagiarizing, not paraphrasing.“The snail with the implanted biofuel cell will be able to operate in a natural environment, producing sustainable electrical micropower for activating various bioelectronic devices.” (Direct quote)The snail with an implanted biofuel cell can live in a natural environment to produce maintainable electrical micropower for starting numerous bioelectronic devices. (So-called paraphrasing)
12 Ways to eliminate plagiarism Summarizing involves putting the main idea(s) of one or several writers into your own words, including only the main point(s).Summaries are significantly shorter than the original and take a broad overview of the source material. Again, it is necessary to attribute summarized ideas to their original sources.
13 In any case . . .Whether you quote, paraphrase, or summarize, you must cite where you got the information by using parenthetical references.MLA is the type of citation style used at KM.
14 Parenthetical Reference It is also called an “in-text citation.”Purpose--to give immediate source information without interrupting the flow of paper or project.Brief information in in-text documentation should match full source information in Works Cited page.
15 It looks like . . .Parenthetical citations are usually placed at the end of a sentence, before the period, but they may be placed in the middle of sentence.They might even choose to sit in an area sectioned off for smokersor non-smokers, but the ultimate issue is choice (Ruwart 1).Cite the author's last name and the pagenumber.
16 It also looks like . . . In the absence of an author, “According to the California Licensed Beverage Association,business has dropped as much as 85 percent since theprohibition took effect” (“Bar Owners Vow” 1).cite the title and the page number
17 It can also look like . . .If you identify the author and title in the text, just list the page number at the end of the quote.“In the novel, Of Mice and Men by John Steinbeck,Lennie thinks of George’s disapproval each time he doessomething wrong. Lennie says softly, “I tried not toforget, George. Honest to God I did, George” (6).
18 What is a Works Cited page? A single page located at the very end of your essay that lists the sources that you cited in your essay.
19 Sample Works Cited Page “Bar Owners Vow to Continue to Fight California Smoking Ban; Owners Contend with Disruption, Lost Revenues, and Customer Dissatisfaction.” Forces.org. 24 Feb National Smokers Alliance. 26 Feb <http://www.forces.org/californ/calud/calud4.htm>.Bork, Robert H. “Addicted to Health.” National Review 28 July 1997:28-30.Buckley, William F., Jr. “Tobacco Settlement Time?” National Review 20 April 1998:63.“Effect of 1998 California Smoking Ban on Bars, Taverns, and Night Clubs.” abionline.org. American Beverage Institute. 8 March 2001<http://abionline.org/ca_smoking6.html>.Krauthammer, Charles. “The New Prohibitionism.” Time 6 Oct. 1997:112.Ruwart, Dr. “Ask Dr. Ruwart: Libertarians on Smoking Bans.” self-gov.org. 19 Mar Advocates for Self-Government. 8 Mar <http://www.self- gov.org/ruwart/q0028.html>.Samuelson, Robert J. “The Amazing Smoke Screen.” Newsweek 30 Nov. 1998:47.
20 Finally,For every parenthetical reference placed in your essay should have a full reference listed in your Works Cited.Click on the icon to view a sample essay with a Works Cited pageEssay reformatted from The Write Source:
21 Final Words on Works Cited page Be sure to alphabetize all entriesCenter the title “Works Cited” at the top of the pageUse single-spacing within each entry if it is too long to fit on one lineDouble-space between each entry
22 CreditsWorks Cited“Boston Columnist Resigns Amid New Plagiarism Charges.” CNN.com 19 Aug March 2003 <http://www.cnn.com/US/9808/19/barnicle/>Fain, Margaret. “Internet Paper Mills.” Kimbal Library. 12 Feb <http://www.coastal.edu/library/mills2.htm>Lathrop, Ann and Kathleen Foss. Student Cheating and Plagiarism in the Internet Era. Englewood, CO: Libraries Unlimited, 2000.Lewis, Mark. “Doris Kearns Goodwin And The Credibility Gap.” Forbes.com 2 Feb <http://www.forbes.com/2002/02/27/0227goodwin.html>“New York Times Exposes Fraud of own Reporter.” ABC News Online. 12 May, 2003.<http://www.pbs.org/newshour/newshour_index.html>Sabato, Larry J. “Joseph Biden's Plagiarism; Michael Dukakis's 'Attack Video' – 1988.” Washington Post Online March <http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/politics/special/clinton/frenzy/biden.htm>Writer’s Inc. <http://www.thewritesource.com/STUDENTMODELS/WI-Smoking.HTM>