Presentation on theme: "Bell Ringer 1. The revolutions of 1848 happened in many countries. List four of them. 2. What were the results of these revolutions? 3. The revolutions."— Presentation transcript:
Bell Ringer 1. The revolutions of 1848 happened in many countries. List four of them. 2. What were the results of these revolutions? 3. The revolutions of 1848 helped to strengthen _________________________ (love and loyalty to one’s people and country). 4. What are some things that people who live in a nation-state have in common?
REVOLUTIONS IN THE AMERICAS
NEXT TIME/SOON: We will… You will be able to… Describe the spread of revolutionary movements through Latin America in the 1800’s. Today in class… Language Social Studies - Define: Creole, Mulatto, Mestizo and Viceroy Identify the revolutionary movements of Latin America and their leaders. Explain the Monroe Doctrine and its impact. Trace the spread of revolutions from the Glorious Revolution to Revolutions of Latin America.
Our Plan – B Day Today – Latin America Revolutions & Monroe Doctrine Friday 1/10 – Unifications of Germany & Italy Tuesday 1/14 – Test on Napoleon, Congress of Vienna & 1848 Revs, LA Revs & Unifications Thursday 1/16 – Mid Term Review All retakes by F1/17 After school reviews – M1/13, Th1/16
Our Plan – A Day Today – Congress of Vienna & Revolutions of 1848 Monday 1/13-Latin America Revolutions Wednesday 1/15 – Unifications Friday 1/17 – Mid Term Review All retakes by F1/17 After school reviews – M1/13, Th1/16
Vocabulary Viceroy = Leader that was put in charge of a colony by the Spanish monarch
Vocabulary Creole = Colonist that was born in Latin America to Spanish parents
Vocabulary Mulatto = Someone who is mixed European and African
Vocabulary Mestizo = Someone who is mixed European and Native American
MEXICO HAITI SOUTH AMERICA Brazil Colombia Venezuela Ecuador Argentina Chile Peru Bolivia
Colonial System Colonial governments mirrored the home governments Social classes (Haves & Have Nots) Rich landowners and poor peasants with few rights Slave labor in the colonies Catholicism was a strong influence Mining of precious metals for export Gold and silver
Major Cities Were Established Havana, ________ Mexico City, ____________ Lima, ______ Sao Paulo, _________ Buenos Aires, _______________
Label the countries and cities on your map.
Impacts on the Americas American Revolution America breaks away from England French Revolution French break away from absolute monarchy Enlightenment ideas in action!
Haiti French colony in the West Indies Grew cash crops using the plantation system African slaves were used for labor Slaves heard talk of the enlightened ideas that influenced the French revolution
Why would the slaves revolt in Haiti?
Toussaint L’Ouverture Former slave Led a successful slave rebellion Defeated armies of 3 foreign powers France, Spain, Britain
Results of the Slave Revolt Abolished slavery in Haiti First Latin American country to win its independence
Latin America Rigid class system 1. Viceroys = colonial officers born in Spain 2. Creoles = Colonists born in Latin America to Spanish parents 3. Mulattos = mixed European and African 4. Mestizos = mixed European and Native American Rule by dictators viceroys
Why would the Creoles revolt in Latin America?
Mexico Father Hidalgo led rebellion for more rights for Native Americans and Mestizos Eventually won independence from Spain, then France
South America By 1800s, many South Americans wanted to break free from foreign rulers Portugal allowed Brazil to become separate country They did not want a destructive war for independence Wanted to keep slavery
Simon Bolivar the Rebel Creole who led revolutions in the northern part of South America Colombia Venezuela Ecuador Peru Bolivia
From which country did they break away?
Monroe Doctrine Declaration issued by American President James Monroe Same time as many revolutions in Latin America Said new Latin American nations would be acknowledged to be independent US would regard any attempt by European powers to impose their system on any independent state in the Western Hemisphere as a threat
US did not want Europe to interfere in the Western Hemisphere In return, the US would not interfere with affairs in Europe
Complete The Spread of Revolution worksheet on your own. Have Mrs. Barton to check it when you are done!