Presentation on theme: "Bellringer You have 25 minutes to complete your Mythology Poster and Synopsis Objective: SWBAT describe the evolution of democracy in Athens and anticipate."— Presentation transcript:
Bellringer You have 25 minutes to complete your Mythology Poster and Synopsis Objective: SWBAT describe the evolution of democracy in Athens and anticipate effects of this evolution in today’s world BJOTD: Why do bees have sticky hair?
Mythology Discussion Questions Turn your paper into the black bin by Sean Be able to answer these questions: What is Greek mythology? Who were some of the major gods and what were they the gods/goddesses of? What purpose does Greek mythology serve?
Ancient Greece The Rise of the City-State, Athens vs. Sparta
Early City-states Polis: same as city-state (city and surrounding countryside) Polis had 2 purposes: Promoting civic participation Promoting commercial/business life
Agora City-center/business district Place for discussion
Acropolis Fortified area of city Used for defense Place for royalty, women, children to hide during war
Athens - Geography Attica (Just north of Peloponnesus)
Athens - Economy Extensive Exported wine and olive oil
Athens - Education Boys from wealthy families attended school Reading, writing, music, and poetry Goal excellent public speakers (voice their views about democracy) Military training
Athens - Government Growth of Democracy Monarchy – rule by a king or queen Aristocracy – rule by the landowning elite (nobles) Tyranny – rule by a tyrant (reformers)
Political and Social Change – Aristocracy to Tyranny Farmers borrowed money from aristocrats (pledged land as security) Many farmers could not repay loans – lost land and became sharecroppers or day laborers in the cities (some sold themselves into slavery) Foreign artisans, who supported Athens's economy, were denied citizenship by the government.
Political and Social Change – Aristocracy to Tyranny Merchants and soldiers resented the power of the nobles Common people had no voice in the government (aristocracy controlled it all)
Tyranny - Reformers Draco – Written code of laws (took away power from aristocrats to dictate what was legal and what was not)
Tyranny - Reformers Solon Ended debt slavery & Cancelled all debts Extended citizenship to some foreigners Allowed citizens of all classes to participate in the assembly and public courts
Cleisthenes Reorganized the Assembly Created Council of 500 Encouraged Direct Democracy
Democracy Direct Democracy speak on your own behalf Citizenship 1. Male 2. Free 3. Athenian 4. Adult Duties of citizenship participate in government (speak up), military service, taxes
Sparta - Geography Peloponnesus (Southern part of Greece)
Sparta - Economy Limited Spartans looked down on trade and wealth Spartans were not allowed to travel – might pick up new ideas that could be dangerous to the stability of the state Foreigners were discouraged from visiting Sparta
Sparta - Education Focused on military training and obedience to authority Boys were taken from their mothers at the age of 7 and put under the control of the state They lived in quasi-military barracks where they were subject to harsh discipline At 20, Spartan males were enrolled in the army for regular military service
Sparta - Education At 30, Spartan males were recognized as mature and allowed to vote in the assembly and live at home While their husbands lived in the barracks, Spartan women lived at home had greater freedom of movement and greater power in the household than other women in Greece Women encouraged to exercise and remain fit to bear and raise healthy children
Sparta - Education Discouraged the study of philosophy, literature, or the arts – subjects that might encourage new thoughts
Sparta – Government Oligarchy 2 Kings responsible for military affairs and served as the supreme priests within the state religion The kings shared power with the Gerousia, a council of elders Gerousia consisted of 28 citizens over the age of 60, who were elected for life, and the two kings
Sparta – Government Gerousia prepare proposals that would be presented to the apella, an assembly of male citizens (only voted on proposals – no debate) Assembly elected the Gerousia and the Ephors, a group of 5 men who were responsible for supervising the education of youth and the conduct of all citizens