2 How did the colonists’ ideas about government differ from those of the English Parliament? Governmental BeliefsEnglish Parliament believedColonists believedhad legal authority over the coloniststheir local assemblies had legal authorityThey should not be taxedhad the right to tax the colonistsno taxation without representation
3 Declaration of Independence states that the authority to govern belongs to the people rather than to kings.Declaration of IndependenceWho authored this historical document?Thomas Jefferson
4 Patriots vs. Loyalists?All of the following EXCEPT___ would be considered a patriot?Richard Henry LeePatrick HenryGeneral CornwallisGeorge Washington
5 Correct! General Cornwallis Commander-in-Chief of the British Army during the American RevolutionSurrendered to George Washington at Yorktown, VACornwallis was a loyalistloyal to the King of England
6 If slaves fought, some were promised their freedom. What are some generalizations that could be made about blacks that lived in Virginia during the American Revolution era?If slaves fought, some were promised their freedom.Some slaves fought for the English.Some slaves fought for the colonists.James Armistead Ex: Some Africans were spies and fought in the war.
7 What does this picture most likely represent? Burgesses arguing about “taxation without representation”The first representative body in North America (House of Burgesses)The beginnings of self-government
8 What famous Virginian authored the Declaration of Independence? Click on correct photo
9 Way to go!Most of this very important paper was drafted by Thomas Jefferson, a Virginian. It stated that all people are created equal and have rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
10 How did religious beliefs affect the American Revolution? Answer: Many colonists remained neutral regarding American Revolution. (generalization)What does the term neutral mean?Neutral means not supporting either side.
11 What contribution did George Washington make during the American Revolution? Provided strong military leadership by serving as the commander-in-chief of the Continental Army
12 Thomas JeffersonDrafted the Declaration of Independence during the American Revolution eraWhat if he had not drafted the document?
13 What if…If Thomas Jefferson did not draft the Declaration many colonists would not have read the words“the authority to govern belongs to the people and we all have “rights to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.”
14 Give me liberty or give me death! Patrick HenryInspired patriots from other colonies by saying ???Give me liberty or give me death!
15 Where did General Cornwallis and the British Redcoats surrender to George Washington and the Colonial Patriots?Tidewater RegionYork River
16 Finish the Chart: A New Nation DocumentPurposePerson ResponsibleConstitution of the United StatesJames MadisonFather of the ConstitutionPlan of national governmentVirginia Declaration of RightsGeorge MasonStates all Virginian should have certain rightsVirginia Statue of Religious FreedomThomas JeffersonStates that all people should have the right to worship as they pleaseBill of RightsGives the basic rights of citizens; ideas from Declaration of RightsGeorge Mason encouraged Constitutional Congress to addDeclaration of IndependenceThomas JeffersonAll men created equal; rights to life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness
17 The states and central government share powers. Federal GovernmentThe United States is governed by a federal government.What does it mean to be governed by a federal government?The states and central government share powers.
18 Cause and Effect Colonists angry about Taxation and begin war with Englandto fight for IndependenceEngland supportedFrench and Indian War with money and suppliesParliament believed it had right to tax the colonists because of supporting French and Indian War
19 Finish the analogy:Appomattox Courthouse: Civil War :: ______: American RevolutionAppomattox Courthouse: Civil War:: Yorktown: American Revolution
20 EuropeEngland; Britain, & ParliamentThirteen ColoniesVirginia and the House of BurgessesAtlantic Ocean
21 Questions for Quality Thinking Why do you think Virginia became involved in the American Revolution?What do you think about the slaves’ involvement in the American Revolution?Why was the “Declaration of Independence” significant to the remainder of the World?
23 Sorry! He was definitely a patriot. Richard Henry LeeVirginianCalled for independence from EnglandSecond Continental Congress on June 7, 1776Later signed the Declaration of IndependenceEventually became a United States Senator
24 Sorry! He would be considered a patriot. A patriot was someone who supported the colonist’s fight for independence from Britain.
25 Sorry!This is James Madison. His contributions earned him the title “Father of the Constitution”. Many of the ideas from the Virginia Plan and his detailed notes were used to write the United States Constitution during the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia.
26 NO! This is George Washington! - First President of the United States -- Commander-in chief of the Continental Army-- President of the Constitutional Congress
27 Generalization Rule or statement Broad statements Clues covers many examples or situationsBroad statementscover many examples, facts, or ideasCluesmost, some, usually, few, generally, typicallyExample: Some Africans fought in the American Revolution.