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SOL VS 4.5 American Revolution How did the colonists’ ideas about government differ from those of the English Parliament? Governmental Beliefs no taxation.

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Presentation on theme: "SOL VS 4.5 American Revolution How did the colonists’ ideas about government differ from those of the English Parliament? Governmental Beliefs no taxation."— Presentation transcript:

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2 SOL VS 4.5 American Revolution

3 How did the colonists’ ideas about government differ from those of the English Parliament? Governmental Beliefs no taxation without representation had the right to tax the colonists had legal authority over the colonists English Parliament believed They should not be taxed their local assemblies had legal authority Colonists believed

4 Declaration of Independence states that the authority to govern belongs to the people rather than to kings. Who authored this historical document? Thomas Jefferson

5 All of the following EXCEPT___ would be considered a patriot? Richard Henry Lee Patrick Henry General Cornwallis George Washington Patriots vs. Loyalists

6 Correct! General Cornwallis Commander-in-Chief of the British Army during the American Revolution Surrendered to George Washington at Yorktown, VA Cornwallis was a loyalist loyal to the King of England

7 What are some generalizations that could be made about blacks that lived in Virginia during the American Revolution era?generalizations If slaves fought, some were promised their freedom. Some slaves fought for the English. Some slaves fought for the colonists. James Armistead Ex: Some Africans were spies and fought in the war.

8 What does this picture most likely represent? Burgesses arguing about “taxation without representation” The first representative body in North America (House of Burgesses) The beginnings of self-government

9 What famous Virginian authored the Declaration of Independence? Click on correct photo

10 Way to go! Most of this very important paper was drafted by Thomas Jefferson, a Virginian. It stated that all people are created equal and have rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.

11 How did religious beliefs affect the American Revolution? Answer: Many colonists remained neutral regarding American Revolution. (generalization) What does the term neutral mean? Neutral means not supporting either side.

12 What contribution did George Washington make during the American Revolution? Provided strong military leadership by serving as the commander-in-chief of the Continental Army

13 Thomas Jefferson Drafted the Declaration of Independence during the American Revolution era What if he had not drafted the document?

14 What if… If Thomas Jefferson did not draft the Declaration many colonists would not have read the words “the authority to govern belongs to the people and we all have “rights to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.”

15 Patrick Henry Inspired patriots from other colonies by saying ??? Give me liberty or give me death!

16 Where did General Cornwallis and the British Redcoats surrender to George Washington and the Colonial Patriots? York River Tidewater Region

17 Finish the Chart: A New Nation All men created equal; rights to life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness Thomas JeffersonDeclaration of Independence Gives the basic rights of citizens; ideas from Declaration of Rights George Mason encouraged Constitutional Congress to add Bill of Rights States that all people should have the right to worship as they please Thomas JeffersonVirginia Statue of Religious Freedom States all Virginian should have certain rights George MasonVirginia Declaration of Rights Plan of national government James Madison Father of the Constitution Constitution of the United States Purpose Person Responsible Document

18 Federal Government The United States is governed by a federal government. What does it mean to be governed by a federal government? The states and central government share powers.

19 Cause and Effect Parliament believed it had right to tax the colonists because of supporting French and Indian War England supported French and Indian War with money and supplies Colonists angry about Taxation and begin war with England to fight for Independence

20 Finish the analogy: Appomattox Courthouse: Civil War :: ______: American Revolution Appomattox Courthouse: Civil War:: Yorktown: American Revolution

21 Thirteen Colonies Virginia and the House of Burgesses Europe England; Britain, & Parliament Atlantic Ocean

22 Questions for Quality Thinking Why do you think Virginia became involved in the American Revolution? What do you think about the slaves’ involvement in the American Revolution? Why was the “Declaration of Independence” significant to the remainder of the World?

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24 Sorry! He was definitely a patriot. Richard Henry Lee Virginian Called for independence from England Second Continental Congress on June 7, 1776 Later signed the Declaration of Independence Eventually became a United States Senator

25 Sorry! He would be considered a patriot. A patriot was someone who supported the colonist’s fight for independence from Britain.

26 Sorry! This is James Madison. His contributions earned him the title “Father of the Constitution”. Many of the ideas from the Virginia Plan and his detailed notes were used to write the United States Constitution during the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia.

27 NO! This is George Washington! - First President of the United States -- Commander-in chief of the Continental Army -- President of the Constitutional Congress

28 Generalization Rule or statement covers many examples or situations Broad statements cover many examples, facts, or ideas Clues most, some, usually, few, generally, typically Example: Some Africans fought in the American Revolution.

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