2DefinitionThe use of someone else’s words or ideas without giving credit.Illegal and immoral
3Common Knowledge: Ronald Reagan was elected president in 1980. He received 382 electoral votes.
4Facts available in a wide variety of sources: Pearl Harbor was bombed on December 7, 1941.Japan’s failure to bomb submarines resulted in Japan losing the Pacific War.
5Direct quotes: “Always be careful to quote the work exactly.” Direct quotes more that 4 lines are indented on both sides 10 spaces and no quote marks are needed.Two quotes from the same source in the same paragraph may be cited after the second only.
6For example:John F. Kennedy is my favorite President. I like him because he really promoted the space program and he really did a lot for civil rights. He once said:And so, my fellow Americans: ask not what your country can do for you—ask what you can do for your country.25 My fellow citizens of the world: ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of man.26 Finally, whether you are citizens of America or citizens of the world, ask of us the same high standards of strength and sacrifice which we ask of you. With a good conscience our only sure reward, with history the final judge of our deeds, let us go forth to lead the land we love, asking His blessing and His help, but knowing that here on earth God's work must truly be our own.
7Paraphrasing: EXAMPLE! Read a passage through carefully and then summarize the passage in your own words.(This is still the author’s ideas and should be cited.)EXAMPLE!
8Original quote: Unacceptable: Unacceptable: Perfect! His marriage to Abigail Smith was the most important decision of John Adams’s life, as would become apparent with time. She was in all respects his equal and the part she was to play would be greater than he could possible have imagined, for all his love for her and what appreciation he already had of her beneficial, steadying influence. John Adams’s marriage to Abigail was the most important choice in his life. He was to come to understand this better with time. In so many ways, she was his equal, and he could not have imagined the importance of the role she was going to play, despite his love for her and his appreciation of her good, solid influence. When John Adams was ready to marry, he sought a woman who was his equal. He found Abigail Smith and loved her for her steadying influence. Thee best decisions of a great leader may extend beyond the political. In fact, the course of American history may have been changed by an entirely personal decision. In his biography of Adams, David McCullough notes that Adam’s choice of Abigail Smith as a wife was the most critical decision of his life. “She was in all respects his equal and the part she was to play would be greater than he could possibly have imagined” (57) Kasman, (2003) p.44.Original quote:Unacceptable:Unacceptable:Perfect!
9Statistics, charts, tables, and graphs from any source: Give credit even if you used someone else’s statistics to create your own graph.
10You also need to give credit when you: Use information or help provided by friends, instructors, or others.Use pictures off the internet.
11Is it Ok to use clip art without a citation in this PowerPoint? Got it?Let’s checkIs it Ok to use clip art without a citation in this PowerPoint?
12SO….I don’t think so!Is it OK to copy and paste a paragraph from the internet into this PowerPoint presentation????
13Guess what the last slide is in this presentation!
14You are RIGHT! Bibliography Lunsford, Andrea, and Connors, Robert. The St. Martin’s Handbook. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1989.Valenza, Joyce Kasman. Power Research Tools: Learning Activities & Posters. Chicago: American Library Association, 2003.Inaugural addresses of the Presidents of the United States; From George Washington to George Bush. Washington, D. C: United States Congress, 1989.“More Ronald Reagan Picture Buttons” Cresswell's List. 12 March