Managua San Juan del Sur Granada Leon Ometepe Island Tola
Historically, Nicaragua began as a colony of Spain in the early 16th century. Before the Spanish came it had been home to several indigenous peoples. The Spanish sold hundreds of thousands of indigenous Nicaraguans into slavery in Peru's silver mines and into Panama and massacred thousands more. A population of approximately 2 million indigenous people was reduced to 8,000 in only 35 years under Spanish rule. In 1821, independence was declared from Spain, and Nicaragua became its own country. Unfortunately, Nicaragua has continued to be abused by foreign powers: it has been under foreign control, dictators, and has continuously been used for the benefit of other countries.