Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT. Who was Thurgood Marshall?  African- American lawyer who led the challenge against segregation in Brown v. Board of Education.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT. Who was Thurgood Marshall?  African- American lawyer who led the challenge against segregation in Brown v. Board of Education."— Presentation transcript:

1 CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT

2 Who was Thurgood Marshall?  African- American lawyer who led the challenge against segregation in Brown v. Board of Education.  1 st African American Supreme Court Justice

3 What was Brown v. Board of Education?  A Supreme Court case in which segregated schools were ruled unconstitutional.  Overturned Plessy v. Ferguson  Led to whites entering private schools and massive resistance from whites.

4 What happened at Little Rock High School?  9 African American students desegregated Little Rock High School.  Eisenhower had to bring in troops to enforce the Brown v. Board of Education decision.

5 Who was Rosa Parks?  Woman who started the Montgomery Bus Boycott  Sparked the Civil Rights Movement  Song: Sister Rosa by the Neville Brothers

6 What was the SCLC?  Formed in 1957 by ministers and civil rights leaders.  Called the Southern Christian Leadership Conference.  Led by Martin Luther King Jr.

7 What was SNCC?  Known was the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee.  Formed by mostly college students  Led sit-ins and peaceful protests.

8 What were sit-ins?  Protest tactic in which blacks occupied whites-only seats at lunch counters.  1 st sit-in was in Greensboro, North Carolina (February 1960)

9 Who were the freedom riders?  Name for Civil Rights activists who tried to end segregation on national buses.  Many times the freedom riders were harassed, fire bombed, or beaten.

10 Who was James Meredith?  First African American to enroll in the all- white University of Mississippi.  Kennedy sent in U.S. marshals to allow Meredith to attend school.

11 Song: We Shall Overcome  Song that represented the struggles of the Civil Rights Movement  Had been sung in African American churches as early as  Lyndon B. Johnson used the phrase “We Shall Overcome” in a Civil Rights Address to Congress.

12 Song: This Little Light of Mine  A Negro spiritual that became a Civil Rights anthem in the 1950’s and 1960’s.  Has become a very popular children’s song over the years.

13 Song: A Change is Gonna Come by Sam Cooke  Written in 1963 and released in late 1964 after Cooke’s tragic death.  Song was inspired by an incident Cooke and his band tried to register at a "whites only" motel in Shreveport, Louisiana and were summarily arrested for disturbing the peace.  Key song of the Civil Rights Movement.

14 Black Power Movement  Black Panther Party- founded in Oakland, California by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale in Other key leader was Stokely Carmichael.  Demanded respect and would not turn the other cheek.  Controversial group that was investigated by the federal government.

15 1968 Olympics  Tommie Smith won the gold and John Carlos won the bronze in the 200 meters.  Received the medals shoeless and with black socks to represent black poverty.  Wore beads to represent those killed in the Middle Passage and by lynching.  Carlos forgot his gloves so Smith gave him one to wear on his left hand for the salute during the national anthem.  Both athletes were sent home and treated terribly until recently.

16 Song: Say It Loud I’m Black and I’m Proud by James Brown  Recorded in 1968 by James Brown.  Black power movement song  Talks about prejudice towards blacks and black empowerment  Song was recorded in LA and background was sung by mostly White and Asian children.

17 Speech: I Have a Dream  Given on August 28, 1963  Part of the March on Washington to gain support for JFK’s Civil Rights Bill.  What is the dream?  As a nation, are we all living the dream?

18 Song: Let Freedom Ring (Hip Hop)  Brown v. Board of Education- overturns Plessy v. Ferguson  Rosa Parks- sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycott of December  Civil Rights Bill of Part of LBJ’s Great Society, outlawed segregation in public places.

19 Song: Let Freedom Ring (Hip Hop)  Voting Rights Act of outlawed literacy tests. Provided for federal registration of voters in areas that had less than 50% of eligible minority voters registered. Extended by George W. Bush in 2006.

20 Voting Rights Act Map

21 Watts Riots (1965)  Protest turned into rioting after an African-American was pulled over by cops.  Escalated into rioting and the National Guard was called in.  Lasted 6 days, 34 people killed, 1,000 injured and 100 million dollars of damage.  Riots also in Northern cities like Detroit and Newark.

22 What was the Kerner Commission?  In 1968, issued a study on the cause of urban violence.  The main cause of urban violence in the cities was white racism.  Does this still hold true today?

23 What was the Civil Rights Act of 1968?  This law banned discrimination in housing.  Are their examples today where discrimination has occurred in housing?

24 What is affirmative action?  Program that began in the late 1960’s to make special efforts to hire or enroll minorities.  Why is this policy controversial?

25 Medgar Evers  African-American Civil Rights Activist from Mississippi was assassinated by a white supremacist in  Byron De La Beckwith was finally convicted of murder in 1994.

26 John F. Kennedy  President of the United States from  Bays of Pigs-failed attempt to overthrow Castro  Cuban Missile Crisis  Americans embraced his optimism for a better future.  Assassinated in Dallas, Texas by Lee Harvey Oswald in November 1963.

27 Malcolm X  Spokesperson for Nation of Islam.  Left Nation of Islam in 1964 and advocated political and economic black nationalism.  Disagreed with Martin Luther King Jr. philosophy of passive resistance.  Assassinated by members of the Nation of Islam in  Speech: Malcolm X video

28 Martin Luther King Jr.  Leader of the American Civil Rights Movement  Led non-violent protests and passive resistance (like Gandhi in India)  Assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee on April 4, 1968 by James Earl Ray.

29 Robert F. Kennedy  Brother of JFK and Attorney General under JFK.  Ran for the Democratic Nomination for President in  Assassinated in a California Hotel by Sirhan B. Sirhan because of RFK’s support of Israel in the Six Day War.

30 In the Ghetto by Elvis Presley  Made popular by Elvis Presley in  Calling public attention to life in the inner cities.  Culture of poverty and cycle of violence.  How have things changed or have they stayed the same?

31 Fast Car by Tracy Chapman  Recorded in  Song about the cycle of poverty and how it is so hard to break.  What does the fast car represent?  What is the singer’s definition of the American dream?

32 Essay Assignment  Write a 1-2 page essay on your idea of the American Dream. Include the following: - Define the American Dream. - What does it take to achieve the American Dream? - What does it take to achieve the American Dream? - What roadblocks are in the way of the American Dream? - What roadblocks are in the way of the American Dream? - Why are many Americans not living the dream?


Download ppt "CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT. Who was Thurgood Marshall?  African- American lawyer who led the challenge against segregation in Brown v. Board of Education."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google