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Bell Ringer: February 13 & 14

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1 Bell Ringer: February 13 & 14
Define imperialism in your own words. What is the difference between how a colony and a protectorate were governed? What were the four motives (reasons) for Imperialism?

2 Imperialism in China & Japan

3 2 minutes as a group


5 Imperialism in China

6 Spheres of Influence European powers carved out areas for trade called spheres of influence the old Foreign Enclaves In their “spheres” they… Introduced western knowledge and language Tried to force Chinese to industrialize with railroads, coal mines, etc.

7 Key Term Westernization – adopting the social, political, economic institutions of the West (especially Europe and America) Look up in your books SOI: page 310 W: Glossary ER: pg 336 7



10 Tea & Opium China was only source for tea, which the British drank in large amounts Britain traded opium for tea to balance trade Chinese became addicted The opium addict often sold all his possessions to pay for the opium. This woodcut shows an addict's wife being sold to support his habit.

11 By 1835, approximately 12 million Chinese are addicted
Chinese government outlawed opium but it was still smuggled in to China

12 The Opium War 1839-1842 Britain won the Opium War
Britain had steam powered ships & cannons China was humiliated

13 In 1997 it was returned to Chinese control
Treaty of Nanjing Gave the island of Hong Kong to Britain Opened other ports for trade w/Britain Reimbursed Britain for costs of war Granted British citizens special rights Hong Kong today In 1997 it was returned to Chinese control

14 Key Term Extraterritorial Rights – right of foreign residents to follow the laws of their own country rather than the laws of the host country Look up in your books SOI: page 310 W: Glossary ER: pg 336 14


16 Open Door Policy America was worried that the European nations would divide China into formal colonies USA proposed the Open Door policy China’s “doors” should be open to merchants of all nations


18 The Boxer Rebellion Chinese were tired of westerners in their country
Huge nationalist movement begins Boxers attack foreigners, missionaries, and Christian converts Boxers are defeated by large multinational force The Boxer Rebelion - YouTube

19 Imperialism in Japan

20 Isolation (Remember, they didn’t trade with anyone!)
Imperialism in Japan What was the trade policy before 1850? Isolation (Remember, they didn’t trade with anyone!)

21 Japan Learned from China how NOT to deal with Imperialism
1853: US went to Japan and demanded an open trade agreement


23 Who Opened Japan for Trade?
The United States opened Japan for trade with the Treaty of Kanagawa.

24 Open Trade Results Japan modernized their economy
Began to industrialize Learned western ways of education Japan became a strong military and economic power

25 Why was Japan Unique by 1900? Japan was the only (non-European or non-U.S.) world power that was never taken over by Europe.

26 Russo-Japanese War (1905) Developed out of a rivalry between Japan and Russia for territory Japan won Took Korea Russia was humiliated


28 Ticket Out the Door Which one was it? China or Japan?
Complete the self-check quiz and turn it in to Mrs. B before you leave class today!

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