Presentation on theme: "Bell Ringer: February 13 & 14 Define imperialism in your own words. What is the difference between how a colony and a protectorate were governed? What."— Presentation transcript:
Bell Ringer: February 13 & 14 Define imperialism in your own words. What is the difference between how a colony and a protectorate were governed? What were the four motives (reasons) for Imperialism?
Spheres of Influence European powers carved out areas for trade called spheres of influence –the old Foreign Enclaves In their “spheres” they… –Introduced western knowledge and language –Tried to force Chinese to industrialize with railroads, coal mines, etc.
Key Term Westernization – adopting the social, political, economic institutions of the West (especially Europe and America)
Tea & Opium China was only source for tea, which the British drank in large amounts Britain traded opium for tea to balance trade Chinese became addicted The opium addict often sold all his possessions to pay for the opium. This woodcut shows an addict's wife being sold to support his habit.
By 1835, approximately 12 million Chinese are addicted Chinese government outlawed opium but it was still smuggled in to China
The Opium War 1839-1842 Britain won the Opium War –Britain had steam powered ships & cannons –China was humiliated
Treaty of Nanjing Gave the island of Hong Kong to Britain Opened other ports for trade w/Britain Reimbursed Britain for costs of war Granted British citizens special rights Hong Kong today In 1997 it was returned to Chinese control
Key Term Extraterritorial Rights – right of foreign residents to follow the laws of their own country rather than the laws of the host country
The Boxer Rebellion Chinese were tired of westerners in their country Huge nationalist movement begins –Boxers attack foreigners, missionaries, and Christian converts –Boxers are defeated by large multinational force The Boxer Rebelion - YouTube
Who Opened Japan for Trade? The United States opened Japan for trade with the Treaty of Kanagawa.
Open Trade Results Japan modernized their economy Began to industrialize Learned western ways of education Japan became a strong military and economic power
Japan was the only (non-European or non-U.S.) world power that was never taken over by Europe. Why was Japan Unique by 1900?
Russo-Japanese War (1905) Developed out of a rivalry between Japan and Russia for territoryDeveloped out of a rivalry between Japan and Russia for territory Japan wonJapan won –Took Korea –Russia was humiliated