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**Angles and Parallel Lines**

G.2a Angles and Parallel Lines

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Transversal Definition: A line that intersects two or more lines in a plane at different points is called a transversal. When a transversal t intersects line n and m, eight angles of the following types are formed: Linear Pair & Vertical Angles still apply! + Corresponding Angles Alternate Angles Consecutive Angles t m n

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**Vertical Angles & Linear Pair**

Two angles that are opposite angles. Vertical angles are congruent. 1 4, 2 3, 5 8, 6 7 Supplementary angles that form a line (sum = 180) 1 & 2 , 2 & 4 , 4 &3, 3 & 1, 5 & 6, 6 & 8, 8 & 7, 7 & 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

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**Angles and Parallel Lines**

If two parallel lines are cut by a transversal, then the following pairs of angles are congruent. Corresponding angles Alternate interior angles Alternate exterior angles If two parallel lines are cut by a transversal, then the following pairs of angles are supplementary. Consecutive interior angles Consecutive exterior angles Continued…..

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Corresponding Angles Corresponding Angles: Two angles that occupy corresponding positions. 2 6, 1 5, 3 7, 4 8 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

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Alternate Angles Alternate Interior Angles: Two angles that lie between parallel lines on opposite sides of the transversal (but not a linear pair). Alternate Exterior Angles: Two angles that lie outside parallel lines on opposite sides of the transversal. 3 6, 4 5 2 7, 1 8 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

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Consecutive Angles Consecutive Interior Angles: Two angles that lie between parallel lines on the same sides of the transversal. Consecutive Exterior Angles: Two angles that lie outside parallel lines on the same sides of the transversal. m3 +m5 = 180º, m4 +m6 = 180º 1 2 m1 +m7 = 180º, m2 +m8 = 180º 3 4 5 6 7 8

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Example: If line AB is parallel to line CD and s is parallel to t, find the measure of all the angles when m< 1 = 100°. Justify your answers. t 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 3 4 2 1 s D C B A m<2=80° m<3=100° m<4=80° m<5=100° m<6=80° m<7=100° m<8=80° m<9=100° m<10=80° m<11=100° m<12=80° m<13=100° m<14=80° m<15=100° m<16=80°

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**If line AB is parallel to line CD and s is parallel to t, find: **

Example: 1. the value of x, if m<3 = 4x + 6 and the m<11 = 126. 2. the value of x, if m<1 = 100 and m<8 = 2x + 10. 3. the value of y, if m<11 = 3y – 5 and m<16 = 2y + 20. t 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 3 4 2 1 s D C B A ANSWERS: 1. 30 2. 35 3. 33

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