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Warm Up 1.The fact that after all of the horrible events we've learned about in Darfur, Sierra Leone, and other African countries, it is ______________________.

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Presentation on theme: "Warm Up 1.The fact that after all of the horrible events we've learned about in Darfur, Sierra Leone, and other African countries, it is ______________________."— Presentation transcript:

1 Warm Up 1.The fact that after all of the horrible events we've learned about in Darfur, Sierra Leone, and other African countries, it is ______________________ to know that people like Kony are still committing atrocities in Uganda. 2.It's always funny when two people say something __________________. One of them will get to say "Jinx!" and keep the other person from talking. 3.After a war ends, refugees need to be ___________ into their countries. It is difficult for them to return to their homes and feel safe again. 4.Ishmael's grandmother explained the ____________________, "We must strive to be like the moon." This saying is something that many people have heard over the years. 5.One of the nice things about celebrations is that everyone is so happy and __________________.

2 DAILY AGENDA 1.Warm Up 2.ML: Figurative Language and Imagery 3.Shared Reading: Ch. 13 & 15 4.Writing Workshop 5.Closing & HW

3 MONDAY, APRIL 2 OBJECTIVES We will continue using our new vocabulary words We will review key figurative language terms We will read the text and look for specific examples of literary devices VA SOL 9.3 The student will apply knowledge of word origins, derivations, and figurative language to extend vocabulary development in authentic texts. 9.4 The student will read, comprehend, and analyze a variety of literary texts including narratives, narrative nonfiction, poetry, and drama.

4 IMAGERY Language that appeals to the five senses; language that helps the reader experience the text o Sight o Sound o Touch o Taste o Smell

5 Figurative and Literal Language Literally: words function exactly as defined The car is blue. He caught the football. Figuratively: figure out what it means I’ve got your back. You’re a doll. ^Figures of Speech

6 Why Do Writers Use Figurative Language? Writers use figurative language to stir the imagination and emotions of the reader. Creative use of language gives depth to the writing and overall meaning.

7 FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE Language that is not meant to be taken literally o Simile o Metaphor o Hyperbole o Personification

8 Simile Comparison of two things using “like” or “as.” Example The metal twisted like a ribbon. MEANING? PURPOSE?

9 Important! Using “like” or “as” doesn’t make a simile. A comparison must be made. Not a Simile: I like pizza. Simile: The moon is like a pizza. “I felt a chill at the back of my neck, as if someone were softly blowing on me” (87).

10 Metaphor Two things are compared without using “like” or “as.” Example: She has a stone heart. MEANING? PURPOSE? “We walked fast as if trying to stay in the daytime, afraid that nightfall would turn over the uncertain pages of our lives” (88).

11 Personification Giving human traits to objects or ideas. Examples The sunlight danced. Water on the lake shivers. MEANING? PURPOSE? “Some nights the sky wept stars that quickly floated and disappeared into the darkness before our wishes could meet them” (80).

12 Hyperbole Exaggerating to show strong feeling or effect. Examples My house is a million miles from here. She’d kill me. MEANING? PURPOSE? “[The sun] became bright from the minute it surfaced from behind the clouds, its golden rays darkening my eyes” (80).

13 Figurative Language Review Identify the examples of figurative language! EXAMPLEFL The wild and woolly walrus waits and wonders when we'll walk by. Alliteration mile-high ice-cream cones Her hair was silk The stuffed bear smiled as the little boy hugged him close The sun is like a yellow ball of fire in the sky You are what you eat. He was so hungry, he ate that whole cornfield for lunch, stalks and all.

14 REVIEW: Chapter 11 Ishmael and his friends approach the village where they've been told some of their families are living. They meet Gasemu, a banana farmer whom Ishmael knows, and agree to help him carry bananas into the village. As they approach, they hear gunshots, dogs barking, and people screaming. The village is under attack; the boys drop their bananas and hide in the bushes. They watch the horror until the gunshots subside. Then Ishmael runs into the village, which is engulfed in flames, and finds bodies burned beyond recognition everywhere.

15 REVIEW: Chapter 11 Gasemu follows him and shows him the hut where Ishmael's family had been. Ishmael rushes in but doesn't find any bodies inside. Ishmael attacks Gasemu in anger and the boys begin fighting among themselves. The approaching voices of rebels cause the boys and Gasemu to hide. They overhear the rebels boasting of the killings, but there is uncertainty as to whether some villagers may have escaped.

16 REVIEW: Chapter 11 Gunshots begin again and the boys run deeper into the forest with bullets at their back. When the boys finally stop, they realize that Gasemu has multiple gunshot wounds. They take him to the wahlee outside the village, where he dies.

17 REVIEW: Chapter 12 After walking for days, the boys are captured by a group of soldiers and taken to Yele, a village occupied by the military. There, they are put to work chopping vegetables, carrying water, and washing dishes. It is a welcomed relief, but Ishmael suffers severe headaches daily.

18 REVIEW: Chapter 12 The village seems an oasis of normalcy in the war, but it is flooded with orphans. Ishmael writes that there is nothing to fear during the days in the village: children play soccer and marbles and parents tend their children. But Ishmael suffers migraines and nightmares and withdraws from village life.

19 REVIEW: Chapter 12 Weeks later, the village of Yele is surrounded by rebels, and the military are losing the war. They tell the boys and men that they must either join their forces and fight or leave the village. Ishmael and his friends feel that they have no choice. Leaving the village means an immediate death at the hands of the rebels. The next day, they are moved into tents near the soldiers' barracks and given guns.

20 REVIEW: Chapter 12 There are more than thirty boys, from seven- year-olds to sixteen-year-olds. They are given new shoes and clothing. Ishmael's old clothes are burned with the cassette tapes of his rap music inside. Ishmael is both furious and terrified about joining the fight, but when he seeks solace from his friends, they all turn away in silence.

21 REVIEW: Chapter 12 The army of boys begins training. They learn to shoot AK47s and to kill rebels by using bayonets on banana trees. They are continually reminded that these rebels killed their families and that they are inhumane. The only hope for revenge, they are told, and for justice is to do the same to the rebels that was done to their own parents and loved ones.

22 SHARED READING (114-137) Remember the basics! o Heads up o Follow along In addition--look for examples of figurative language! o Use post-it notes to mark the pages o Go back & copy the passage We will stop after each ch. to review questions

23 Writing Workshop Using the THESIS you developed last Thursday, begin outlining your 5 paragraph essay. –Use evidence from the text to support your thinking. –If you are writing a personal narrative, make certain to compare your life with Ishmael’s experiences. –Remember to write down page numbers from the text.

24 CLOSING What examples of figurative language do you think were most effective & why? Why is figurative language helpful even in non-fiction writing? How will you use figurative language in your essay?

25 HOMEWORK TEST on THURSDAY! Go over questions & your vocabulary words!

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