Presentation on theme: "Size Coastline--smooth, few harbors, poor river transportation, didn’t exactly encourage exploration on the part of Africans or of the African continent."— Presentation transcript:
Coastline--smooth, few harbors, poor river transportation, didn’t exactly encourage exploration on the part of Africans or of the African continent countries of the sub-Sahara many in number (50) and landlocked Sub-Saharan Africa Chp. 20 sec. 1
population distribution--uneven, people live in the nice areas, along the coast or near the lakes. Plateau--much of Africa is on a plateau
Demographics— –low GDP, –low life expectancy, –high population growth rate (the pop. may double in 20 years), –high infant mortality rate, –large % of pop. < 15 years old, –lowest literacy rate in the world, –low economic growth Chp. 21 sec. 1
soil--not good, desert or limited fertility (partly due to slash and burn techniques)
Diversity—Africans speak more than 800 languages Urbanization – In this area, people are moving to cities at a rate faster than anywhere else in the world.
Mali, Ghana, Zimbabwe--country names related to historical empires Chp. 21 sec. 2
Cultural diffusion—the slow spread of culture from one area to another
triangular trade--the trade of manufactured goods from Europe or North America to Africa, Slaves from Africa to the Caribbean, and sugar from the Caribbean to N. Am. or Europe.
middle passage--the passage where the slaves went to the Caribbean
Apartheid--the separation by law of the races in the country of South Africa Nelson Mandela-- South Africa’s first Black president, for many years a jailed leader of the ANC
Swahili--a language that reflects the East Coast mixture of Africa, Arabic, and Portuguese Chp. 21 sec. 3
Oral Tradition—many of these groups did not have written records, but did have long detailed oral histories Masks, sculpture, dance, music, colorful dress, jewelry—reflects a diverse and rich cultural heritage
Cultural Landscape – markets, Churches, Mosques, villages, and some modern cities colonial legacy--political boundaries ignore cultural and ethnic boundaries, leading to war
subsistence agriculture--what a large percentage of their population does, grows food for their family--70% of the people are farmers, they grow less than what was grown in the area in 1970 Extended Families—families are very important, many generations live together, having a lot of kids is viewed as a form of “social security” Chp. 22 sec. 1
plantation agriculture--there are tea, peanuts, sisal, cocoa, rubber, and palm-oil plantations which are taking more and more land Foreign Investors – Own many of the mines, etc. of South Africa
Desertification--the spread of the Sahara to the south, at when I was in college they said it spread south at the rate of about 20 miles per years, and they blamed it on human activity, now they say it is due in large part to mother nature. Deforestation—an issue here too Chp. 22 sec. 2
www.cybernet2.com/africa_explore/ safari_photos.htm wmatem.eis.uva.es/~angbar/ Kenya/Kenya.html Try these web pages, they used to work as links— no more, but you can copy and paste them into your browser.