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Introductory Vocabulary Quiz

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the temperature scale on which zero is the temperature at which no more energy can be removed from matter

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KELVIN SCALE

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**the interval between two events**

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TIME

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**basic SI unit of volume; equals 1,000 mL**

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LITER

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**the study of the properties of matter and how matter changes**

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CHEMISTRY

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**the measurement of how much mass of a substance is contained in a given volume**

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DENSITY

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basic SI unit of length

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METER

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A possible explanation for a set of observations or answer to a scientific question; must be testable

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HYPOTHESIS

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prefix meaning 0.01; 1/100

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CENTI-

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**the one factor that a scientist changes during an experiment; also called the manipulated variable**

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INDEPENDENT VARIABLE

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**An experiment in which all variables except one are kept constant**

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CONTROLLED EXPERIMENT

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**a measure of how much matter is in an object; the SI unit is the kilogram**

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MASS

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**The amount of space that matter occupies**

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VOLUME

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the factor that changes as a result of changes to the manipulated (or independent) variable in an experiment; also called responding variable

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DEPENDENT VARIABLE

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prefix meaning 1/1000 or 0.001

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MILLI-

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the SI unit for time

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SECOND

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**in an experiment, a standard for comparison that is often needed to draw a meaningful conclusion**

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CONTROL

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**a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles that make up a sample of matter**

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TEMPERATURE

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**a measure of the force of gravity on an object**

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WEIGHT

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**The temperature scale on which zero and 100 are the temperatures at which water freezes and boils**

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CELSIUS SCALE

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**anything that has mass and occupies space**

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MATTER

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International System of Units Units provide a scale on which to represent the results of a measurement.

International System of Units Units provide a scale on which to represent the results of a measurement.

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