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1840 - 1910.  1600s, Japan was isolated (“closed door”)  1853 - US Commodore Matthew Perry took ships/ weapons to Japan & demand they open trade  signed.

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Presentation on theme: "1840 - 1910.  1600s, Japan was isolated (“closed door”)  1853 - US Commodore Matthew Perry took ships/ weapons to Japan & demand they open trade  signed."— Presentation transcript:

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2  1600s, Japan was isolated (“closed door”)  US Commodore Matthew Perry took ships/ weapons to Japan & demand they open trade  signed Treaty of Kanagawa & opened 2 ports to all  Japanese angry & overthrew Tokugawa Shogun

3  Japan would need to adopt western ways.  This became known as the “Meiji Restoration” – Japans adoption of western ways  Knew wouldn’t be taken over now, so Japan decided to become imperialists too  Established colonies in China  Now Japan & Russia major powers in Asia

4  Both Russia & Japan want Manchuria for natural resources  RUSSO-JAPANESE WAR (Japan victory)  Japan went after Korea & won  established a protectorate & annexation (direct rule)  Korea became its protectorate of Japan

5  Originally France interested in Egypt for strategic location (Red Sea), but Napoleon failed  The French originally set out to build the Suez Canal in 1859

6  Egypt interested in modernizing like Europe, so figured they need to trade like Europe  1869 – Egypt decided to build manmade waterway that cut through Suez, connecting Red Sea to Mediterranean  SUEZ CANAL

7  Why would they want to build it???  Time Saved: 2 weeks  Miles Saved: 4,000

8  Egypt had to borrow $$ from France ($450 million!), but found they could not pay back the debt  Britain jumped on the chance to oversee financial control of the canal  by 1882 British occupied Egypt  Suez Canal was “Lifeline of the British Empire” b/c allowed quicker access to its colonies in Asia and Africa

9  China proud of their culture & many work opportunities  very self-sufficient  Not interested in gadgets West was offering; only in agriculture  Chinese did not want to trade w/ Europeans  But Europeans wanted access to Chinese goods & resources (especially tea)

10  Britain determined to find something Chinese wanted to trade…OPIUM!  Habit-forming drug; Chinese doctors used it for pain relief for centuries  By 1835, 12 million Chinese addicted & rising  Qing Emperor asked Britain to stop, but refused  led to OPIUM WAR ( )  British victory, gained island of Hong Kong

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12  Results of Opium War: 1. China divided into spheres of influence 2. Increase in Western trade & influence in Asia 3. Britain gains island of Hong Kong

13  Due to Opium addiction, China no longer productive & people hungry  Europeans taking advantage of China’s growing problems  Had to declare “Open Door Policy” to keep from being divided up & colonized like Africa

14  Poor peasants/workers resented foreign influence  formed secret organization, Society of Harmonious Fists (aka Boxers) Wanted to get rid of Qing Dynasty, started BOXER REBELLION  Rebellion failed, but nationalism rose; started to travel West to examine government structures

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