2 ColumbusColumbus left for voyage in 1492 funded by Spain and landed on October 12, 1492 in the Caribbean (probably on the Bahamas)Named the island San SalvadorColumbus’s mission was for gold1493 returned to Spain with the good news and the monarchy funded more trips for him in the hopes of creating colonies in the new world
3 Other Explorers 1500 Pedro Alvares Cabral- Brazil 1501 Amerigo Vespucci – South America and in 1507 a German mapmaker named the continents America1519 Ferdinand Magellan sailed around the world (he was killed in the Phillipines)
4 Spain Builds an American Empire- The Conquistadors Hernando Cortes landed in Mexico in 1519Goes to Tenochtitlan and meets Aztec ruler Montezuma IIMontezuma II initially welcomes himCortes finds gold and silver and soon forces the Aztecs to mine for himAztecs rebel but with no success and in 1521 Cortes conquered the Aztecso Superior weaponryo Help from some native groupso Disease- smallpox, measles, mumps, typhusPizarro1532 conquered the Inca easily
5 Spain’s Pattern of Conquest Peninsulares- European-born settlersMestizos- mixed Spanish and Native AmericanEncomienda- system of forced labor
6 Brazil Belonged to Portugal Not much silver or gold, so began to grow sugar
7 Spain Expands its Influence Spain became the richest, most powerful nation during the 16th centuryIncreased its militarySettlers push northo Floridao Went to territory in NM, TX, OK, KS but with little gold they left the exploration to priests
8 Opposition to Spanish Rule Spanish priests pushed for better treatment of Native AmericansAs a result of criticism the encomienda system was abolished in 1542Natives also rebelled but with little success1680 Pope led a rebellion that interrupted the Spanish for 12 years
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