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Managers and ManagementChapter 1 Managers and Management PowerPoint Presentation by Charlie Cook Copyright © 2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.
Organizations Organization Common characteristicsA systematic arrangement of people brought together to accomplish some specific purpose; applies to all organizations—for-profit as well as not-for-profit organizations. Where managers work (manage) Common characteristics Goals Structure People Copyright © 2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.
Common Characteristics of OrganizationsCopyright © 2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. EXHIBIT 1.1
People Differences Operatives ManagersPeople who work directly on a job or task and have no responsibility for overseeing the work of others Managers Individuals in an organization who direct the activities of others Copyright © 2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.
Organizational LevelsCopyright © 2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. EXHIBIT 1.2
Identifying Managers First-line managers Middle managers Top managersSupervisors responsible for directing the day-to-day activities of operative employees Middle managers Individuals at levels of management between the first-line manager and top management Top managers Individuals who are responsible for making decisions about the direction of the organization and establishing policies that affect all organizational members Copyright © 2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.
Management Defined ManagementThe process of getting things done, effectively and efficiently, through and with other people Efficiency Means doing the thing correctly; refers to the relationship between inputs and outputs; seeks to minimize resource costs Effectiveness Means doing the right things; goal attainment Copyright © 2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.
Efficiency and EffectivenessCopyright © 2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. EXHIBIT 1.3
Management Process ActivitiesManagement process: planning, organizing, leading, and controlling Copyright © 2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. EXHIBIT 1.4
Management Process Planning OrganizingIncludes defining goals, establishing strategy, and developing plans to coordinate activities Organizing Includes determining what tasks to be done, who is to do them, how the tasks are to be grouped, who reports to whom, and where decisions are to be made Copyright © 2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.
Management Process Leading ControllingIncludes motivating employees, directing the activities of others, selecting the most effective communication channel, and resolving conflicts Controlling The process of monitoring performance, comparing it with goals, and correcting any significant deviations Copyright © 2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.
Distribution of Time per Activity by Organizational LevelSource: Adapted from T. A. Mahoney, T. H. Jerdee, and S. J. Carroll, “The Job(s) of Management,” Industrial Relations 4, No.2 (1965), p.103. Copyright © 2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. EXHIBIT 1.6
General Skills for ManagersConceptual skills A manager’s mental ability to coordinate all of the organization’s interests and activities Interpersonal skills A manager’s ability to work with, understand, mentor, and motivate others, both individually and in groups Technical skills A manager’s ability to use the tools, procedures, and techniques of a specialized field Political skills A manager’s ability to build a power base and establish the right connections Copyright © 2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.
Specific Skills for ManagersBehaviors related to a manager’s effectiveness: Controlling the organization’s environment and its resources. Organizing and coordinating. Handling information. Providing for growth and development. Motivating employees and handling conflicts. Strategic problem solving. Copyright © 2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.
Management Charter Initiative Competencies for Middle ManagersInitiate and implement change and improvement in services, products, and systems Monitor maintain, and improve service and product delivery Monitor and control the use of resources Secure effective resource allocation for activities and projects Recruit and select personnel Develop teams, individuals, and self to enhance performance Plan, allocate, and evaluate work carried out by teams, individuals and self Create, maintain, and enhance effective working relationships Seek, evaluate, and organize information for action Exchange information to solve problems and make decisions EXHIBIT 1.8 Copyright © 2004 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.
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