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US History Test #1 Lesson Notes.

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Presentation on theme: "US History Test #1 Lesson Notes."— Presentation transcript:

1 US History Test #1 Lesson Notes

2 Strategies for colonization
-Spain-Government Financed-Central and South America -England – Joint-stock companies – Atlantic coast of North America -France – more cooperative with Natives - Canada


4 Effects of Europeans on Indians
Diseases which led to death Loss of land to European Whites Resistance – King Philip’s War

5 African slaves -Introduced in Caribbean by Spain based on an agricultural economy -Plantations—large land holdings -1619 – Jamestown—tobacco -“Middle Passage”—slave passage to New World from Africa -Forced importation of Africans to the New World -Some slaves lived as indentured servants who eventually gained their freedom

6 Triangular Trade


8 Colonial Region Settlement
New England Middle Southern

9 Map of Colonial Regions

10 New England Religious Freedom Puritans – intolerant of others
Mayflower Compact – “covenant community” Town Meetings – “Athenian” direct democracy Rhode Island – Puritan dissenters those who challenged the Puritans’ belief and the connection between religion and government Fishing, Shipbuilding, small scale subsistence farming, and Lumber “Puritan Work Ethic”

11 Mayflower Compact

12 Middle Colonies English, Dutch, and German
Religious Freedom and Economic Opportunity – tolerant of other religions More flexible social structure Incorporated a number of democratic principles that reflected the basic rights of Englishmen Quakers – Pennsylvania (William Penn) Huguenots and Jews –New York Shipbuilding, small scale farming, commerce and trade Middle Class of skilled artisans, entrepreneurs (business owners), and small farmers Seaports – New York City, and Philadelphia

13 William Penn

14 Virginia and Southern Colonies
Economic Opportunity – “Free Enterprise” Jamestown – London Company (1607) House of Burgesses (General Assembly)—farmers had a role in representative legislatures Indentured Servants—agreed to work on plantations to pay for passage to the New World Plantations Plantations were located on the Eastern Coastal Lowlands (Tidewater) Cash crops—tobacco, rice, and indigo grown for export African slaves provided labor/slave based economy Poor Shenandoah Valley and Appalachian foothills Scots Subsistence farming “Cavaliers” nobility who received large land grants Dominated colonial government and society Maryland – Catholics Southern colonies had close ties to the Church of England (Anglican Church) Family Status – Politics Slavery based economy eventually leads to American Civil War

15 Jamestown

16 “Great Awakening” A religious movement that swept both Europe and the colonies in the mid-1700s Led to rapid growth of evangelical religions Baptists and Methodists Challenged established Government and religious order Helped lay social foundations for American Revolution

17 French and Indian War War between England and France over land in New World England wins and the French are driven from Canada and areas west of Appalachian Mountains After winning, England takes several steps that angered the colonists Proclamation of 1763—prohibited colonial settlement west of the Appalachian Mts. New Taxes—Stamp Act Quartering Act


19 Events leading to Separation
Boston Massacre British troops fired on Anti-British demonstrators Committees of Correspondence Help unify the colonies Colonies corresponded to each by letter Boston Tea Party Caused Great Britain to pass the Intolerable Acts, closing Boston harbor until tea was paid for 1st Continental Congress—All representatives except Georgia—near complete unity

20 Ideals – John Locke - Enlightenment
Natural Rights of Man All men are free and equal People have the rights to life, liberty, and property Social Contract Theory Power with people Established a system of ordered liberty Limited power of the government People have the right to rebel if government breaks contract Taxation without Representation His ideas were radical for the time—challenging old world order of government (emperors, kings, etc.)

21 Common Sense—Thomas Paine
Thomas Paine—first to assert the right to form a new nation His Common Sense contributed to growing sentiment for independence

22 Thomas Paine

23 Declaration of Independence—Thomas Jefferson (from Virginia)
Reflects the views of Locke and Paine People created equal Natural rights of all men Power by consent of governed (people) Right to rebel Detail of grievences as described in Common Sense

24 Thomas Jefferson

25 Effect of the Declaration of Independence
Increased political, social, and economic participation Political participation (equality) Extending the franchise (right to vote) Upholding due process Free public education Social participation (liberty) Abolish slavery Rights for women and minorities Economic participation Free enterprise system Economic opportunity Protecting property rights

26 Difference among the colonists before revolution
Patriots Complete independence from Great Britain Locke, Patrick Henry, George Washington (leader) Loyalists (Tories) Loyal to Great Britain Believed taxation of colonies by GB was justified Neutralists Tried to stay uninvolved

27 Factors leading to colonial victory
Diplomatic Ben Franklin negotiated a Treaty of Alliance with France War did not prove popular in Great Britain Military George Washington—leader of American Army He avoided any situation that threatened the destruction of his army His leadership kept the army together America had help from France (army and navy) a the Battle of Yorktown

28 George Washington

29 Major Battles Lexington and Concord – Minutemen
First shots of the war Meant no chance of a peaceful resolution Saratoga—turning point of the war Convinces France to join the war on the side of the colonists Proved the colonists may have a chance at winning the war Yorktown (1781)—where Great Britain surrendered to the colonists Treaty of Paris ending the war established the western boundary of the United States as the Mississippi River

30 Minutemen

31 Battles of Lexington and Concord

32 British surrender @ Yorktown

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