8 Earth SystemsAlthough we study four branches of earth science, there are many interactions between earth’s systems. You are standing on the ______sphere. You are breathing in part of the ______sphere. If you went to the beach or canoed down the James you where visiting the ______sphere. And you and all the other living things on earth make up the _____sphere.lithoatmohydrobio
9 Scientific MethodWhen solving problems scientifically we follow a series of steps to avoid wasting time, effort, and resources. These steps include:1. Defining the ________ (may include research or observation)2. Stating a ____________ (explanation of observation; must be able to be tested)3. _________ the hypothesis (involves measurement of one variable at a time)4. Analyzing the _________ (data organized in graphs, tables, and charts)5. Drawing _____________ (returning to step #2 as needed)***This is not a rigid, step-by-step outline.***problemhypothesisTestingresultsconclusions
10 ________- the standard for comparison in an experiment Control________- the standard for comparison in an experiment_______- all the variables we are not testing and trying to keep the same___________________- factor in an experiment that may change if the independent variable changes_____________________- factor that the experimenter changes______________- also known as SI units; uses a decimal base 10 system; such units as liters, meters, and grams._______- explanation that is consistent with repeated observations, can be tested and make predictions, and is as simple as possible____- basic fact describing behavior of a natural phenomenonConstantsDependent VariableIndependent VariableMetric UnitsTheoryLaw
17 Vocabulary review Meteorology: Science : Earth Science: Geology: Astronomy:Oceanography:Process of observing and studying things in our worldStudy of Earth and SpaceStudy of Earth it’s matter, and the processes that form and change the earthStudy of Earths atmosphere, weather, and the forces and processes that cause it.Study of objects in SpaceStudy of the Earths oceans
18 Place Bold typed words in bubbles and then put other words in their Earth Science category. Cross out words as you go.Astronomy, Geology, volcanoes, earthquakes, Earth Science, Meteorology, Oceanography, submersibles, hurricanes, waves, tornadoes, rocks, Mars, and Stars.
19 Quick Write Answer the following questions. 1. Hypothesize why dinosaurs became extinct.2. Hypothesize how solar system began (Scientifically) .
20 Scientific Method O H T A C OBSERVATION HYPOTHESIS TEST ANALYZE DATA CONCLUSION