Presentation on theme: "World History 1500 to Present"— Presentation transcript:
1World History 1500 to Present Unit 6 Vocab and Topics: Major world social, economic, and political developments since 1945, Migrations, Ongoing Conflicts, War, and Advancing TechnologySOLs: WHII 1-e; 12 c; 13a-d;14 a-c; 15b; 16 a-d
2Jawaharlal NehruThis person was a close associate of Mohandas Gandhi and supported western style industrialization of India. He was also the head of a powerful political family of Indian politicians.
7Indira GandhiThis prime minister developed the nuclear program in India and established a close relationship with the Soviet Union during the Cold War, although kept India “nonaligned.” She was assassinated by her Sikh bodyguards in 1984.
13Corazon AquinoAfter Ferdinand Marcos fled the Philippines after being accused of helping to murder this woman’s husband, she became more powerful and in 1986, was elected president of the Philippines.
15Kwame NkrumahThis man renamed the Gold Coast “Ghana”, the first British colony to gain independence. He favored “African socialism” and hoped that Pan-Africanism would bring unity to the newly independent countries of Africa.
17Jomo KenyattaAfter the British granted independence to Kenya in 1963, this man became the first prime minister and worked hard to unite the various ethnic and language groups inside the country. Once Kenya was a republic, he was the first president.
21Mobutu Sese SekoThis person ruled Zaire for 32 years by force, one-party rule and favoritism to political supporters. He was finally overthrow in 1997 and the country was renamed The Democratic Republic of the Congo.
25Suez CrisisThis event happened in 1956 when the Egyptian president sent troops to seize control of a strategic passage between the Mediterranean and Red Seas. Although the Egyptians were defeated, pressure from the world community allowed them to retain control of the structure.
27Golda MeirThis Russian-Jew emigrated to the United States and later to Israel where she served as ambassador to the Soviet Union, minister of labor, foreign minister, and finally prime minister of Israel.
29Yom Kippur WarThis was a joint Arab nation attack on Israel on the holiest of Jewish holidays in 1973 to recapture territory lost to Israel in the 1967 Six Day War. The Israeli counterattack was successful in regaining its territory and a truce was signed after a few weeks.
31Yasir ArafatThis person was awarded a joint Nobel Peace prize for his work at negotiating a peace with Israel in Unfortunately, another intifada began in 2000 and went for over a year. As head of the PLO, he eventually became the head of a semi-independent area called the Palestinian Authority.
33Yitsak RabinThis Israeli was awarded a joint Nobel Peace prize for his work at negotiating a peace with the Palestinians in He was assassinated by a Jewish student who did not support his peace policies.
35Camp David AccordsThis 1979 agreement was the first signed document between Israel and an Arab nation and officially ended hostilities between Egypt and Israel.
36Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Isaeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin in 1978
37TalibanThis conservative Islamic group battled for control of Afghanistan after the Soviets withdrew. By 1998, they controlled 90% of the country and applied an extreme interpretation of Islamic law to all aspects of Afghan society.
39Juan PeronThis former labor secretary focused on the workers and urban middle classes of Argentina to win their political support. He was elected president in 1946 and soon nationalized railways, banks, shipyards, communications and other essential services to free Argentina from foreign investors.
43Nelson MandelaThis leader of the ANC at first supported non violent methods of achieving equality in South Africa but later turned to more violent methods. He was arrested and spent 27 years in prison. Once South Africa held free elections, he was elected the first black president.
45Mikhail GorbachevThis person was the last president of the Soviet Union and was instrumental in bringing new reforms to Soviet life.
46Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev Михаил Сергеевич Горбачёв
47Glasnost and Perestroika In 1985, these new reform policies of “openness” and “restructuring” helped Soviet citizens discuss problems without censorship and helped the economy become more efficient and productive.
49Lech WalesaThis Polish union leader of Solidarity became a national hero in 1980 and in 1990 was elected President of Poland. His “shock therapy” reforms did not lead to immediate growth and he was defeated in later elections.
57Saddam HusseinThis Sunni leader took control of the Iraqi government in 1979 and launched an attack on Iran in 1980 and invaded Kuwait in Captured by coalition forces in December, 2003, he was tried and executed in 2006.
59Universal Declaration of Human Rights Although issued by the United Nations in 1948, the sentiments and accords of this document are nonbonding, but serve as an inspiration for people to work toward a world in which liberty and justice are guaranteed for all.
61Weapons of Mass Destruction These include nuclear, chemical and biological weapons that can kill thousands, even millions of people. The search for these led to the invasion of Iraq in 2002, but none were found.