26Great SchismThis was a conflict within the Catholic Church when two popes, one French and one Italian, were elected at the same time and the disputes that followed weakened the political and spiritual authority of the Catholic Church.
27This “schism” was the Western Roman Church…not the Eastern/Western Schism”
28Leonardo da VinciThis multi-talented Italian artist, painter, inventor, sculptor, architect and mathematician was the ultimate Renaissance man and even cut up dead bodies to better illustrate the human form in his art.
30Medici FamilyThis was a powerful banking family from Florence that financed much of the Renaissance through their patronage of artists and inspiration to writers.
31Giovanni Di BicciCosimo ICosimo il VecchioLorenzo the Magnificent
32Niccolo MachiavelliThis writer of the Renaissance believed that the key to gaining and maintaining power was to not let oneself be restricted by moral principles. He was one of the first political writers to abandon morality as a basis for analyzing political power.
33The end justifies the Means It is better to be feared than lovedNever take advice from a subordinate
34The PrinceOne of the most influential books on political power in the Western world, this work has stood the test of time as a handbook on how to achieve political power at any cost.
41Catholic Counter-Reformation This was the official Church response to the divisive Christian reform movement that included the founding of the Jesuits, the reform of the papacy, the decrees of the Council of Trent,… and the establishment of courts of the Inquisition.
421560 -1648 (After conclusion of Thirty Years War in Europe) Society of Jesus, JesuitsMore missionaries sentStrengthened InquisitionCouncil of Trent….clarified doctrinesMade several changes based on complaints of Protestants
43Johann TetzelThis monk sold indulgences to German Christians, telling them they could buy forgiveness for their sins and for the sins of family members already dead.
44German Dominican friar Disgusted Martin Luther to write his 95 theses (reasons the Catholic Church needed to shape up)
45Martin LutherThis German monk and Bible professor believed that Christians could achieve salvation through faith alone and launched a religious reform movement to break with the Catholic Church.
47John CalvinThis Protestant leader set up a theocracy in Geneva, Switzerland and believed in predestination.
48ORIGINAL SINPREDESTINATIONEducate Both SexesPray, Work, Learn, Die
49Henry VIIIThis ruler of England broke with the Catholic Church for mostly political reasons. He wanted a divorce from his first wife and when the Pope said, “No,” he turned to his own church courts and eventually made himself head of the Protestant Church of England.
50Handsome and Athletic in his youth Married to a Spanish Catholic, had one child that survived, Mary I aka, “Bloody Mary”Married 5 more times, only notable child: Elizabeth I with wife #2, Anne Boleyn
51vernacularThis term refers to works of literature that are published in regional languages rather than classical languages like Latin or Greek.
52EGO LATINAM Latin represented the glory that was ROME Latin was the language of learning, business, law, medicine, and most importantly, THE CHURCHRomans “spoke” ItalianSpaniards spoke SpanishPeople in Gaul spoke FrenchGerman, English, Dutch, Finnish, etc….
53This term refers to nonreligious or “worldly” things. secularThis term refers to nonreligious or “worldly” things.
54SECULAR is “NOT RELIGIOUS” Secular Music?Secular TV shows?Secular law?Secular government?Secular education?Secular business?Secular literature?Secular attitudes?
55HumanismThis was an intellectual movement that was based on the study of the classic literary works and the culture Greece and Rome. It focused on the glorification of the worldly achievements of men.
57PetrarchOne of the earliest leaders of the Renaissance, this man led the initial search for ancient Latin manuscripts and revived the use of pure, classical Latin. He is famous for works such as Sonnets to Laura.
58Love is Agony and Sorrow What is Love?Love is Agony and Sorrow
59Characteristics of Petrarch’s Sonnets Self- CenteredCombines secular love with religious passion. The Baroque poets, esp. the metaphysical poets are influenced by this. Different from Shakespeare's sonnets.Love as sorrow. Different from Dante (Love as an enlightening or transcendent power).
60DanteThis famous author of the Divine Comedy (in Italian) takes readers on a journey through Hell, Purgatory, and Paradise
64ErasmusBest known for his 1509 writing, In Praise of Folly, this leading Christian humanist believed that society cannot be improved until the people in society improved themselves from within. It was said, “He laid the egg that the other guy hatched.”
65Dutch humanist AND theologian Middle of the road reformer, FREE Will, not predestinationWrote In Praise of Folly
66Peace of AugsburgThis was a 1555 agreement to formally accept the division of Christianity in Germany between Catholicism and Lutheranism. It did not allow religious choice for individuals, only for German rulers to choose for their subjects.
68FIB = fill in the blank, no word bank On a regular QUIZ: You must answer my questions ABOUT the terms we have covered in HW or classFIB = fill in the blank, no word bankI give you the definition and you write the vocabulary term from your comps sheetSpelling must be phonetically closeWriting must be PRINTED Legibly+10 pts if you get 100% on the Vocab Quiz / +5 pts if you get all 30 on the Unit TEST