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CHAPTER 21 ENGLISH AND AMERICAN REVOLUTION
MONARCHS RIGHT TO RULE COMES FROM GOD
DIVINE RIGHT OF KINGS
LAST TUDOR MONARCH SHE FIRMLY ESTABLISHED THE PROTESTANT RELIGION IN ENGLAND WORKED WELL WITH PARLIAMENT
SON OF MARY STUART KING OF SCOTLAND CATHOLIC ABSOLUTIST REFUSED TO WORK WITH PARLIAMENT
HENRY VII (1585) TO ELIZABETH (1603)
JAMES I (1603) TO QUEEN ANNE (1714) PERIOD OF REVOLUTION IN ENGLAND PARLIAMENT INCREASES POWER (MONARCHY LOSES)
MIDDLE CLASS PURITAN LOWER HOUSE CONTROL OVER MONEY
HOUSE OF COMMONS
SUPPORTERS OF PARLIAMENT GENTRY AND MIDDLE CLASS PURITANS
SUPPORTERS OF CHARLES NOBLES AND LANDOWNERS FROM NORTHERN AND WESTERN ENGLAND CHURCH OF ENGLAND
PROTESTANTS CALVINIST WANTED TO PURIFY THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND PERSECUTED BECAME NORTH AMERICAN IMMIGRANTS
THIS WAS CALLED INTO SESSION CHARLES NEEDED MONEY PARLIAMENT WANTED TO DISCUSS GRIEVANCES DISMISSED AFTER THREE WEEKS
MET FOR TWENTY YEARS CONTROLLED BY PURITANS WANTED TO LIMIT CHARLE’S POWER
SUCCEEDED JAMES I DISSOLVED PARLIAMENT IMPOSED MARTIAL LAW
ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY PERSECUTED PURITANS
MILITARY RULE SUSPENSION OF ALL RIGHTS
THIS WAS SIGNED BY CHARLES (1628) NO TAXES OR LOANS NO IMPRISONMENT WITHOUT CAUSE NO QUARTERNG OF TROOPS NO MARTIAL LAW
PETITION OF RIGHT
POWERS OF THE MONARCH ARE RESTRICTED POWER SHARED WITH REPRESENTATIVE BODY
RETURN OF THE MONARCHY IN ENGLAND IN 1660
WHEN THE KING’S SUPPORTERS WERE REMOVED FROM PARLIAMENT
HE TOOK CONTROL OF PARLIAMENT’S ARMY GREAT MILITARY LEADER BUILT ARMY AND DEFEATED THE KING (1646)
SON OF CHARLES I HE COOPERATED WITH PARLIAMENT
A STATE GOVERNED BY ELECTED REPRESENTATION
EFFECTS OF THE PURITAN REVOLUTION WERE
ABSOLUTISM DEAD INCREASE POWER OF PARLIAMENT INCREASE BELIEF IN POPULAR SOVREIGNTY
TITLE TAKEN BY CROMWELL AFTER MILITARY DISMISSED PARLIAMENT FOR INACTION MILITARY DICTATOR
ONLY CONSTITUTION IN ENGLISH HISTORY UNDER CROMWELL
INSTRUMENT OF GOVERNMENT
SUPPORTERS OF A STRENGTHED PARLIAMENT OPPOSED JAMES II
SUPPORTERS OF THE HEREDITARY MONARCH SUPPORTED JAMES II
THIS UNITED ENGLAND AND SCOTLAND IT WAS THEN CALLED UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN
ACT OF UNION
A PERSON COULD NOT BE HELD IN JAIL WITHOUT “JUST CAUSE” (ACCUSED OF A CRIME OR CONVICTED OF A CRIME)
HABEAS CORPUS ACT
MARY’S SISTER SHE SUCCEEDED WILLIAM IN 1702 LAST STUART MONARCHY
BROTHER OF CHARLES II CATHOLIC 1685 TOOK THRONE HIS SON JAMES WAS FORCED TO ABDICATE THE THRONE AND WAS REPLACED BY HIS PROTESTANT SISTER MARY
THIS SAID THAT A CATHOLIC WOULD NEVER BE ALLOWED TO INHERIT THE ENGLISH THRONE
ACT OF SETTLEMENT
ONLY MONARCHS IN ENGLISH HISTROY TO RULE JOINTLY HAD TO GIVE UP POWER TO PARLIAMENT
WILLIAM AND MARY
THE CHANGE OF ENGLISH MONARCHS IN 1688 WITHOUT BATTLE OR BLOODSHED
THE KING COULD NOT RAISE TAXES-MAINTAIN A STANDING ARMY W/O CONSENT OF PARLIAMENT TRIAL BY JURY-NO CRUEL AND UNUSUAL PUNISHMENT-FREEDOM OF SPEECH-EXCESSIVE BAIL OR FINES
THE ENGLISH BILL OF RIGHTS (1689)
SOPHIA’S SON SUCCEEDED ANNE FIRST HOUSE OF HANOVER
TURNED OVER MANY RESPONSIBILITIES TO THE PRIME MINISTER
LED BRITAIN IN VICTORY TO FRANCE GREATLY EXPANDED THE BRITISH EMPIRE IN NORTH AMERICA - KING DURING THE AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY WAR
A GROUP OF ADVISORS TO THE MONARCHY SELECTED FROM THE HOUSE OF COMMONS
RULING FAMILY IN ENGLAND IN 1714 FROM THIS HOUSE TO THE HOUSE OF WINDSOR
HE IS HEAD OF THE MAJORITY PARTY IN THE HOUSE OF COMMONS
HE WAS THE CHIEF ADVISOR TO GEORGE I LEADER OF THE WHIGS HEAD OF THE CABINET
THE COLONIES AND THE BRITISH DEFEAT THE FRENCH AND THE INDIANS IN THIS 7 YEAR WAR
FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR
A REFUSAL TO BUY GOODS THE COLONISTS REFUSED TO BUY BRITISH GOODS
CERTAIN PRODUCTS COULD ONLY BE EXPORTED TO BRITAIN PRODUCTS BOUND TO AMERICA HAD TO GO THROUGH BRITAIN TO BE TAXED
A DIRECT TAX PAID ON ALL PRINTED DOCUMENTS (NEWSPAPERS)
THE STAMP ACT
REPRESENTATIVE BODIES OF THE NORTH AMERICAN COLONIES THIS BODY DESIRED APPROVAL OVER TAXATION
THE FIRST COLONIAL ASSEMBLY IN VIRGINIA
HOUSE OF BURGESSES
FIRST LORD OF THE TREASURY HE SAID THE COLONIES SHOULD PAY FOR THE COST OF THE WAR AND THEIR OWN DEFENSE
THIS BODY MET TO STATE THAT THE ENGLISH PARLIAMENT COULD NOT TAX COLONIES BECAUSE THE COLONIES WERE NOT REPRESENTED IN PARLIAMENT
STAMP ACT OF CONGRESS
MET IN PHILADELPHIA FIRST COLONIAL MEETING SHOWING A COLLECTIVE RESOLVE STATED THAT ONLY COLONIAL ASSEMBLIES HAD THE RIGHT TO MAKE LAWS FOR THE COLONIES
FIRST CONTINENTAL CONGRESS
THIS BODY CREATED A COLONIAL ARMY MADE ONE LAST ATTEMPT TO MAKE PEACE
SECOND CONTINENTAL CONGRESS
THE BRITISH REASSERT THEIR RIGHT TO TAX THE COLONIES (1765)
THIS CLOSED BOSTON HARBOR SUSPENDED THE MASSACHUSETTS ASSEMBLY INITIATED THE QUARTERING ACT
COLONISTS KILLED BY BRITISH SOLDIERS DURING A DEMONSTRATION (1770)
THE BOSTON MASSACRE
COLONISTS DUMPED BRITISH TEA IN THE HARBOR RESULTING IN THE PASSAGE OF THE INTOLERABLE ACTS
THE BOSTON TEA PARTY
HE WAS MADE COMMANDER OF THE COLONIAL ARMY
HE WROTE THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE
HE WROTE COMMON SENSE THIS CALLED FOR INDEPENDENCE FROM BRITAIN
THE FIRST GOVERNMENT OF THE COLONIES VERY LITTLE NATIONAL AUTHORITY TOO MUCH ECONOMIC COMPETITION BETWEEN STATES
ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION
COLONISTS FIGHTING BRITISH FOR INDEPENDENCE FROM 1776 TO 1781
THE LAST BATTLEOF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR WAS FOUGHT HERE
THE TURNING POINT OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR THE FRENCH WAS PERSUADED TO ENTER THE WAR FOR THE COLONIES
A TAX ON IMPORTED GOODS TO MAKE AMERICAN MADE GOODS MORE AFFORDABLE
AN OUTLINE OF A NATION’S GOVERNMENT
WHEN POWER IS SHARED BETWEEN TWO DISTINCT LEVELS OF GOVERNMENT (STATE AND NATIONAL GOVERNMENT)
PEOPLE VOTE FOR INDIVIDUALS TO REPRESENT THEM IN A GOVERNMENT
THE FIRST TEN AMENDMENTS TO THE U.S. CONSTITUTION IN LISTING PEOPLES’ CIVIL RIGHTS AND LIBERTIES
NAME THE THREE BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT THEIR BODIES AND THEIR ROLES
THE FIRST SKIRMISH BETWEEN BRITISH TROOPS AND THE COLONISTS
LEXINGTON AND CONCORD
ADOPTED BY CONGRESS ON OUTLINED GRIEVANCES AND REASONS FOR COLONIAL SEPARATION FROM BRITAIN
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