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CHAPTER 21 ENGLISH AND AMERICAN REVOLUTION

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Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 21 ENGLISH AND AMERICAN REVOLUTION"— Presentation transcript:

1 CHAPTER 21 ENGLISH AND AMERICAN REVOLUTION

2 MONARCHS RIGHT TO RULE COMES FROM GOD

3 DIVINE RIGHT OF KINGS

4 LAST TUDOR MONARCH SHE FIRMLY ESTABLISHED THE PROTESTANT RELIGION IN ENGLAND WORKED WELL WITH PARLIAMENT

5 ELIZABETH I

6 SON OF MARY STUART KING OF SCOTLAND CATHOLIC ABSOLUTIST REFUSED TO WORK WITH PARLIAMENT

7 JAMES I

8 HENRY VII (1585) TO ELIZABETH (1603)

9 TUDOR DYNASTY

10 JAMES I (1603) TO QUEEN ANNE (1714) PERIOD OF REVOLUTION IN ENGLAND PARLIAMENT INCREASES POWER (MONARCHY LOSES)

11 STUART DYNASTY

12 MIDDLE CLASS PURITAN LOWER HOUSE CONTROL OVER MONEY

13 HOUSE OF COMMONS

14 SUPPORTERS OF PARLIAMENT GENTRY AND MIDDLE CLASS PURITANS

15 ROUNDHEADS

16 SUPPORTERS OF CHARLES NOBLES AND LANDOWNERS FROM NORTHERN AND WESTERN ENGLAND CHURCH OF ENGLAND

17 CAVALIERS

18 PROTESTANTS CALVINIST WANTED TO PURIFY THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND PERSECUTED BECAME NORTH AMERICAN IMMIGRANTS

19 PURITANS

20 THIS WAS CALLED INTO SESSION CHARLES NEEDED MONEY PARLIAMENT WANTED TO DISCUSS GRIEVANCES DISMISSED AFTER THREE WEEKS

21 SHORT PARLIAMENT

22 MET FOR TWENTY YEARS CONTROLLED BY PURITANS WANTED TO LIMIT CHARLE’S POWER

23 LONG PARLIAMENT

24 SUCCEEDED JAMES I DISSOLVED PARLIAMENT IMPOSED MARTIAL LAW

25 CHARLES I

26 ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY PERSECUTED PURITANS

27 WILLIAM LAUD

28 MILITARY RULE SUSPENSION OF ALL RIGHTS

29 MARTIAL LAW

30 THIS WAS SIGNED BY CHARLES (1628) NO TAXES OR LOANS NO IMPRISONMENT WITHOUT CAUSE NO QUARTERNG OF TROOPS NO MARTIAL LAW

31 PETITION OF RIGHT

32 POWERS OF THE MONARCH ARE RESTRICTED POWER SHARED WITH REPRESENTATIVE BODY

33 LIMITED MONARCHY

34 RETURN OF THE MONARCHY IN ENGLAND IN 1660

35 RESTORATION

36 WHEN THE KING’S SUPPORTERS WERE REMOVED FROM PARLIAMENT

37 RUMP PARLIAMENT

38 HE TOOK CONTROL OF PARLIAMENT’S ARMY GREAT MILITARY LEADER BUILT ARMY AND DEFEATED THE KING (1646)

39 OLIVER CROMWELL

40 SON OF CHARLES I HE COOPERATED WITH PARLIAMENT

41 CHARLES II

42 A STATE GOVERNED BY ELECTED REPRESENTATION

43 COMMONWEALTH

44 EFFECTS OF THE PURITAN REVOLUTION WERE

45 ABSOLUTISM DEAD INCREASE POWER OF PARLIAMENT INCREASE BELIEF IN POPULAR SOVREIGNTY

46 TITLE TAKEN BY CROMWELL AFTER MILITARY DISMISSED PARLIAMENT FOR INACTION MILITARY DICTATOR

47 “LORD PROTECTOR”

48 ONLY CONSTITUTION IN ENGLISH HISTORY UNDER CROMWELL

49 INSTRUMENT OF GOVERNMENT

50 SUPPORTERS OF A STRENGTHED PARLIAMENT OPPOSED JAMES II

51 WHIGS

52 SUPPORTERS OF THE HEREDITARY MONARCH SUPPORTED JAMES II

53 TORIES

54 THIS UNITED ENGLAND AND SCOTLAND IT WAS THEN CALLED UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN

55 ACT OF UNION

56 A PERSON COULD NOT BE HELD IN JAIL WITHOUT “JUST CAUSE” (ACCUSED OF A CRIME OR CONVICTED OF A CRIME)

57 HABEAS CORPUS ACT

58 MARY’S SISTER SHE SUCCEEDED WILLIAM IN 1702 LAST STUART MONARCHY

59 QUEEN ANNE

60 BROTHER OF CHARLES II CATHOLIC 1685 TOOK THRONE HIS SON JAMES WAS FORCED TO ABDICATE THE THRONE AND WAS REPLACED BY HIS PROTESTANT SISTER MARY

61 JAMES II

62 THIS SAID THAT A CATHOLIC WOULD NEVER BE ALLOWED TO INHERIT THE ENGLISH THRONE

63 ACT OF SETTLEMENT

64 ONLY MONARCHS IN ENGLISH HISTROY TO RULE JOINTLY HAD TO GIVE UP POWER TO PARLIAMENT

65 WILLIAM AND MARY

66 THE CHANGE OF ENGLISH MONARCHS IN 1688 WITHOUT BATTLE OR BLOODSHED

67 GLORIOUS REVOLUTION

68 THE KING COULD NOT RAISE TAXES-MAINTAIN A STANDING ARMY W/O CONSENT OF PARLIAMENT TRIAL BY JURY-NO CRUEL AND UNUSUAL PUNISHMENT-FREEDOM OF SPEECH-EXCESSIVE BAIL OR FINES

69 THE ENGLISH BILL OF RIGHTS (1689)

70 SOPHIA’S SON SUCCEEDED ANNE FIRST HOUSE OF HANOVER

71 GEORGE I

72 TURNED OVER MANY RESPONSIBILITIES TO THE PRIME MINISTER

73 GEORGE II

74 LED BRITAIN IN VICTORY TO FRANCE GREATLY EXPANDED THE BRITISH EMPIRE IN NORTH AMERICA - KING DURING THE AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY WAR

75 GEORGE III

76 A GROUP OF ADVISORS TO THE MONARCHY SELECTED FROM THE HOUSE OF COMMONS

77 CABINET

78 RULING FAMILY IN ENGLAND IN 1714 FROM THIS HOUSE TO THE HOUSE OF WINDSOR

79 HANOVERIAN DYNASTY

80 HE IS HEAD OF THE MAJORITY PARTY IN THE HOUSE OF COMMONS

81 PRIME MINISTER

82 HE WAS THE CHIEF ADVISOR TO GEORGE I LEADER OF THE WHIGS HEAD OF THE CABINET

83 ROBERT WALPOLE

84 THE COLONIES AND THE BRITISH DEFEAT THE FRENCH AND THE INDIANS IN THIS 7 YEAR WAR

85 FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR

86 A REFUSAL TO BUY GOODS THE COLONISTS REFUSED TO BUY BRITISH GOODS

87 BOYCOTT

88 CERTAIN PRODUCTS COULD ONLY BE EXPORTED TO BRITAIN PRODUCTS BOUND TO AMERICA HAD TO GO THROUGH BRITAIN TO BE TAXED

89 NAVIGATION ACTS

90 A DIRECT TAX PAID ON ALL PRINTED DOCUMENTS (NEWSPAPERS)

91 THE STAMP ACT

92 REPRESENTATIVE BODIES OF THE NORTH AMERICAN COLONIES THIS BODY DESIRED APPROVAL OVER TAXATION

93 COLONIAL ASSEMBLIES

94 THE FIRST COLONIAL ASSEMBLY IN VIRGINIA

95 HOUSE OF BURGESSES

96 FIRST LORD OF THE TREASURY HE SAID THE COLONIES SHOULD PAY FOR THE COST OF THE WAR AND THEIR OWN DEFENSE

97 GEORGE GRENVILLE

98 THIS BODY MET TO STATE THAT THE ENGLISH PARLIAMENT COULD NOT TAX COLONIES BECAUSE THE COLONIES WERE NOT REPRESENTED IN PARLIAMENT

99 STAMP ACT OF CONGRESS

100 MET IN PHILADELPHIA FIRST COLONIAL MEETING SHOWING A COLLECTIVE RESOLVE STATED THAT ONLY COLONIAL ASSEMBLIES HAD THE RIGHT TO MAKE LAWS FOR THE COLONIES

101 FIRST CONTINENTAL CONGRESS

102 THIS BODY CREATED A COLONIAL ARMY MADE ONE LAST ATTEMPT TO MAKE PEACE

103 SECOND CONTINENTAL CONGRESS

104 THE BRITISH REASSERT THEIR RIGHT TO TAX THE COLONIES (1765)

105 DECLARATORY ACT

106 THIS CLOSED BOSTON HARBOR SUSPENDED THE MASSACHUSETTS ASSEMBLY INITIATED THE QUARTERING ACT

107 INTOLERABLE ACTS

108 COLONISTS KILLED BY BRITISH SOLDIERS DURING A DEMONSTRATION (1770)

109 THE BOSTON MASSACRE

110 COLONISTS DUMPED BRITISH TEA IN THE HARBOR RESULTING IN THE PASSAGE OF THE INTOLERABLE ACTS

111 THE BOSTON TEA PARTY

112 HE WAS MADE COMMANDER OF THE COLONIAL ARMY

113 GEORGE WASHINGTON

114 HE WROTE THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE

115 THOMAS JEFFERSON

116 HE WROTE COMMON SENSE THIS CALLED FOR INDEPENDENCE FROM BRITAIN

117 THOMAS PAINE

118 THE FIRST GOVERNMENT OF THE COLONIES VERY LITTLE NATIONAL AUTHORITY TOO MUCH ECONOMIC COMPETITION BETWEEN STATES

119 ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION

120 COLONISTS FIGHTING BRITISH FOR INDEPENDENCE FROM 1776 TO 1781

121 REVOLUTIONARY WAR

122 THE LAST BATTLEOF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR WAS FOUGHT HERE

123 YORKTOWN VIRGINIA

124 THE TURNING POINT OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR THE FRENCH WAS PERSUADED TO ENTER THE WAR FOR THE COLONIES

125 SARATOGA

126 A TAX ON IMPORTED GOODS TO MAKE AMERICAN MADE GOODS MORE AFFORDABLE

127 TARIFF

128 AN OUTLINE OF A NATION’S GOVERNMENT

129 CONSTITUTION

130 WHEN POWER IS SHARED BETWEEN TWO DISTINCT LEVELS OF GOVERNMENT (STATE AND NATIONAL GOVERNMENT)

131 FEDERAL

132 PEOPLE VOTE FOR INDIVIDUALS TO REPRESENT THEM IN A GOVERNMENT

133 REPUBLIC

134 THE FIRST TEN AMENDMENTS TO THE U. S
THE FIRST TEN AMENDMENTS TO THE U.S. CONSTITUTION IN LISTING PEOPLES’ CIVIL RIGHTS AND LIBERTIES

135

136 NAME THE THREE BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT THEIR BODIES AND THEIR ROLES

137 THE FIRST SKIRMISH BETWEEN BRITISH TROOPS AND THE COLONISTS

138 LEXINGTON AND CONCORD

139 ADOPTED BY CONGRESS ON OUTLINED GRIEVANCES AND REASONS FOR COLONIAL SEPARATION FROM BRITAIN

140


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