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CHAPTER 21 ENGLISH AND AMERICAN REVOLUTION MONARCHS RIGHT TO RULE COMES FROM GOD.

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Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 21 ENGLISH AND AMERICAN REVOLUTION MONARCHS RIGHT TO RULE COMES FROM GOD."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 CHAPTER 21 ENGLISH AND AMERICAN REVOLUTION

3 MONARCHS RIGHT TO RULE COMES FROM GOD

4 DIVINE RIGHT OF KINGS

5 LAST TUDOR MONARCH SHE FIRMLY ESTABLISHED THE PROTESTANT RELIGION IN ENGLAND WORKED WELL WITH PARLIAMENT

6 ELIZABETH I

7 SON OF MARY STUART KING OF SCOTLAND CATHOLIC ABSOLUTIST REFUSED TO WORK WITH PARLIAMENT

8 JAMES I

9 HENRY VII (1585) TO ELIZABETH (1603)

10 TUDOR DYNASTY

11 JAMES I (1603) TO QUEEN ANNE (1714) PERIOD OF REVOLUTION IN ENGLAND PARLIAMENT INCREASES POWER (MONARCHY LOSES)

12 STUART DYNASTY

13 MIDDLE CLASS PURITAN LOWER HOUSE CONTROL OVER MONEY

14 HOUSE OF COMMONS

15 SUPPORTERS OF PARLIAMENT GENTRY AND MIDDLE CLASS PURITANS

16 ROUNDHEADSROUNDHEADS

17 SUPPORTERS OF CHARLES NOBLES AND LANDOWNERS FROM NORTHERN AND WESTERN ENGLAND CHURCH OF ENGLAND

18 CAVALIERSCAVALIERS

19 PROTESTANTS CALVINIST WANTED TO PURIFY THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND PERSECUTED BECAME NORTH AMERICAN IMMIGRANTS

20 PURITANSPURITANS

21 THIS WAS CALLED INTO SESSION CHARLES NEEDED MONEY PARLIAMENT WANTED TO DISCUSS GRIEVANCES DISMISSED AFTER THREE WEEKS

22 SHORT PARLIAMENT

23 MET FOR TWENTY YEARS CONTROLLED BY PURITANS WANTED TO LIMIT CHARLE’S POWER

24 LONG PARLIAMENT

25 SUCCEEDED JAMES I DISSOLVED PARLIAMENT IMPOSED MARTIAL LAW

26 CHARLES I

27 ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY PERSECUTED PURITANS

28 WILLIAM LAUD

29 MILITARY RULE SUSPENSION OF ALL RIGHTS

30 MARTIAL LAW

31 THIS WAS SIGNED BY CHARLES (1628) NO TAXES OR LOANS NO IMPRISONMENT WITHOUT CAUSE NO QUARTERNG OF TROOPS NO MARTIAL LAW

32 PETITION OF RIGHT

33 POWERS OF THE MONARCH ARE RESTRICTED POWER SHARED WITH REPRESENTATIVE BODY

34 LIMITED MONARCHY

35 RETURN OF THE MONARCHY IN ENGLAND IN 1660

36 RESTORATIONRESTORATION

37 WHEN THE KING’S SUPPORTERS WERE REMOVED FROM PARLIAMENT

38 RUMP PARLIAMENT

39 HE TOOK CONTROL OF PARLIAMENT’S ARMY GREAT MILITARY LEADER BUILT ARMY AND DEFEATED THE KING (1646)

40 OLIVER CROMWELL

41 SON OF CHARLES I HE COOPERATED WITH PARLIAMENT

42 CHARLES II

43 A STATE GOVERNED BY ELECTED REPRESENTATION

44 COMMONWEALTHCOMMONWEALTH

45 EFFECTS OF THE PURITAN REVOLUTION WERE

46 ABSOLUTISM DEAD INCREASE POWER OF PARLIAMENT INCREASE BELIEF IN POPULAR SOVREIGNTY

47 TITLE TAKEN BY CROMWELL AFTER MILITARY DISMISSED PARLIAMENT FOR INACTION MILITARY DICTATOR

48 “LORD PROTECTOR”

49 ONLY CONSTITUTION IN ENGLISH HISTORY UNDER CROMWELL

50 INSTRUMENT OF GOVERNMENT

51 SUPPORTERS OF A STRENGTHED PARLIAMENT OPPOSED JAMES II

52 WHIGS

53 SUPPORTERS OF THE HEREDITARY MONARCH SUPPORTED JAMES II

54 TORIES

55 THIS UNITED ENGLAND AND SCOTLAND IT WAS THEN CALLED UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN

56 ACT OF UNION

57 A PERSON COULD NOT BE HELD IN JAIL WITHOUT “JUST CAUSE” (ACCUSED OF A CRIME OR CONVICTED OF A CRIME)

58 HABEAS CORPUS ACT

59 MARY’S SISTER SHE SUCCEEDED WILLIAM IN 1702 LAST STUART MONARCHY

60 QUEEN ANNE

61 BROTHER OF CHARLES II CATHOLIC 1685 TOOK THRONE HIS SON JAMES WAS FORCED TO ABDICATE THE THRONE AND WAS REPLACED BY HIS PROTESTANT SISTER MARY

62 JAMES II

63 THIS SAID THAT A CATHOLIC WOULD NEVER BE ALLOWED TO INHERIT THE ENGLISH THRONE

64 ACT OF SETTLEMENT

65 ONLY MONARCHS IN ENGLISH HISTROY TO RULE JOINTLY HAD TO GIVE UP POWER TO PARLIAMENT

66 WILLIAM AND MARY

67 THE CHANGE OF ENGLISH MONARCHS IN 1688 WITHOUT BATTLE OR BLOODSHED

68 GLORIOUS REVOLUTION

69 THE KING COULD NOT RAISE TAXES-MAINTAIN A STANDING ARMY W/O CONSENT OF PARLIAMENT TRIAL BY JURY-NO CRUEL AND UNUSUAL PUNISHMENT-FREEDOM OF SPEECH-EXCESSIVE BAIL OR FINES

70 THE ENGLISH BILL OF RIGHTS (1689)

71 SOPHIA’S SON SUCCEEDED ANNE FIRST HOUSE OF HANOVER

72 GEORGE I

73 TURNED OVER MANY RESPONSIBILITIES TO THE PRIME MINISTER

74 GEORGE II

75 LED BRITAIN IN VICTORY TO FRANCE GREATLY EXPANDED THE BRITISH EMPIRE IN NORTH AMERICA - KING DURING THE AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY WAR

76 GEORGE III

77 A GROUP OF ADVISORS TO THE MONARCHY SELECTED FROM THE HOUSE OF COMMONS

78 CABINET

79 RULING FAMILY IN ENGLAND IN 1714 FROM THIS HOUSE TO THE HOUSE OF WINDSOR

80 HANOVERIAN DYNASTY

81 HE IS HEAD OF THE MAJORITY PARTY IN THE HOUSE OF COMMONS

82 PRIME MINISTER

83 HE WAS THE CHIEF ADVISOR TO GEORGE I LEADER OF THE WHIGS HEAD OF THE CABINET

84 ROBERT WALPOLE

85 THE COLONIES AND THE BRITISH DEFEAT THE FRENCH AND THE INDIANS IN THIS 7 YEAR WAR

86 FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR

87 A REFUSAL TO BUY GOODS THE COLONISTS REFUSED TO BUY BRITISH GOODS

88 BOYCOTT

89 CERTAIN PRODUCTS COULD ONLY BE EXPORTED TO BRITAIN PRODUCTS BOUND TO AMERICA HAD TO GO THROUGH BRITAIN TO BE TAXED

90 NAVIGATION ACTS

91 A DIRECT TAX PAID ON ALL PRINTED DOCUMENTS (NEWSPAPERS)

92 THE STAMP ACT

93 REPRESENTATIVE BODIES OF THE NORTH AMERICAN COLONIES THIS BODY DESIRED APPROVAL OVER TAXATION

94 COLONIAL ASSEMBLIES

95 THE FIRST COLONIAL ASSEMBLY IN VIRGINIA

96 HOUSE OF BURGESSES

97 FIRST LORD OF THE TREASURY HE SAID THE COLONIES SHOULD PAY FOR THE COST OF THE WAR AND THEIR OWN DEFENSE

98 GEORGE GRENVILLE

99 THIS BODY MET TO STATE THAT THE ENGLISH PARLIAMENT COULD NOT TAX COLONIES BECAUSE THE COLONIES WERE NOT REPRESENTED IN PARLIAMENT

100 STAMP ACT OF CONGRESS

101 MET IN PHILADELPHIA FIRST COLONIAL MEETING SHOWING A COLLECTIVE RESOLVE STATED THAT ONLY COLONIAL ASSEMBLIES HAD THE RIGHT TO MAKE LAWS FOR THE COLONIES

102 FIRST CONTINENTAL CONGRESS

103 THIS BODY CREATED A COLONIAL ARMY MADE ONE LAST ATTEMPT TO MAKE PEACE

104 SECOND CONTINENTAL CONGRESS

105 THE BRITISH REASSERT THEIR RIGHT TO TAX THE COLONIES (1765)

106 DECLARATORY ACT

107 THIS CLOSED BOSTON HARBOR SUSPENDED THE MASSACHUSETTS ASSEMBLY INITIATED THE QUARTERING ACT

108 INTOLERABLE ACTS

109 COLONISTS KILLED BY BRITISH SOLDIERS DURING A DEMONSTRATION (1770)

110 THE BOSTON MASSACRE

111 COLONISTS DUMPED BRITISH TEA IN THE HARBOR RESULTING IN THE PASSAGE OF THE INTOLERABLE ACTS

112 THE BOSTON TEA PARTY

113 HE WAS MADE COMMANDER OF THE COLONIAL ARMY

114 GEORGE WASHINGTON

115 HE WROTE THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE

116 THOMAS JEFFERSON

117 HE WROTE COMMON SENSE THIS CALLED FOR INDEPENDENCE FROM BRITAIN

118 THOMAS PAINE

119 THE FIRST GOVERNMENT OF THE COLONIES VERY LITTLE NATIONAL AUTHORITY TOO MUCH ECONOMIC COMPETITION BETWEEN STATES

120 ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION

121 COLONISTS FIGHTING BRITISH FOR INDEPENDENCE FROM 1776 TO 1781

122 REVOLUTIONARY WAR

123 THE LAST BATTLEOF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR WAS FOUGHT HERE

124 YORKTOWN VIRGINIA

125 THE TURNING POINT OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR THE FRENCH WAS PERSUADED TO ENTER THE WAR FOR THE COLONIES

126 SARATOGA

127 A TAX ON IMPORTED GOODS TO MAKE AMERICAN MADE GOODS MORE AFFORDABLE

128 TARIFF

129 AN OUTLINE OF A NATION’S GOVERNMENT

130 CONSTITUTION

131 WHEN POWER IS SHARED BETWEEN TWO DISTINCT LEVELS OF GOVERNMENT (STATE AND NATIONAL GOVERNMENT)

132 FEDERAL

133 PEOPLE VOTE FOR INDIVIDUALS TO REPRESENT THEM IN A GOVERNMENT

134 REPUBLIC

135 THE FIRST TEN AMENDMENTS TO THE U.S. CONSTITUTION IN LISTING PEOPLES’ CIVIL RIGHTS AND LIBERTIES

136

137 NAME THE THREE BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT THEIR BODIES AND THEIR ROLES

138 THE FIRST SKIRMISH BETWEEN BRITISH TROOPS AND THE COLONISTS

139 LEXINGTON AND CONCORD

140 ADOPTED BY CONGRESS ON OUTLINED GRIEVANCES AND REASONS FOR COLONIAL SEPARATION FROM BRITAIN

141


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