Presentation on theme: "Chapter Seven Selecting a Topic and Purpose. Chapter Seven Table of Contents zAssigned Versus Self-Selected Topics zIdentifying the General Speech Purpose."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter Seven Selecting a Topic and Purpose
Chapter Seven Table of Contents zAssigned Versus Self-Selected Topics zIdentifying the General Speech Purpose zChoosing a Topic zUsing Brainstorming to Generate Ideas zRefining the Topic and Purpose zFrom Topic and Purpose to Thesis
Selecting a Topic and Purpose The first task is to select a topic and purpose that are appropriate for the rhetorical situation, or the overall speech situation (the audience and the occasion).
Assigned Versus Self-Selected Topics zPublic speakers are either given a topic, or asked to choose one of their own. zYou may be given a: ypurpose ytime constraint ychallenge
Identifying the General Speech Purpose zGeneral speech purpose: indicates why you are speaking on the topic for this particular audience and occasion.
Identifying the General Speech Purpose zInforming zPersuading zThe Special Occasion Speech
Identifying the General Speech Purpose: When the General Speech Purpose Is to Inform zInformative speech : increase the audiences understanding or awareness of a topic. zGauge the audiences knowledge of the subject
Identifying the General Speech Purpose: When the General Speech Purpose Is to Persuade zPersuasive speech: effect some degree of change in the audience. zControversial issues are good topics.
Identifying the General Speech Purpose: The Special Occasion Speech zSpecial occasion speech: prepared for a special occasion and for a purpose dictated by that occasion. zSuch as acceptance speeches, toasts, after- dinner speeches, and eulogies.
Choosing a Topic zBroad social issues of national or global consequence zYour own interests and experiences
Choosing a Topic zPersonal Interest: Looking Within zCurrent Events and Controversial Issues zGrassroots Issues
Choosing a Topic: Personal Interests: Looking Within zSelect a familiar topic zPersonal interests run the gamut from from favorite activities to deeply held values.
Choosing a Topic: Current And Controversial Events zCurrent events yFew people have time to research the news zControversial issues yIssues such as abortion, gun control, and drug abuse profoundly affect us as a society
Choosing a Topic: Grassroots Issues yThe majority of people react with interest to issues that affect them directly.
Using Brainstorming to Generate Ideas zBrainstorming : a technique that involves the spontaneous generation of ideas
Using Brainstorming to Generate Ideas zWord Associations zTopic Mapping
Using Brainstorming to Generate Ideas: Word Association zWord Association yWrite down one topic yWrite down the first thing that comes to mind yAs soon as your words remind you of something, write it down. yReview your list and pick two or three topics as possible final choices.
Using Brainstorming to Generate Ideas: Topic Mapping zTopic Mapping yPut your initial topic in the middle of the paper yWrite down new ideas in clusters to form groups yUse each group to show how closely they relate both to one another and to your topic
Refining the Topic and Purpose Now the topic and general speech purpose must be narrowed with regards to time constraints, audience expectations, and the nature of the occasion.
Refining the Topic and Purpose zNarrowing the Topic zForming a Specific Speech Purpose
Refining the Topic and Purpose: Narrowing the Topic zFocus on specific aspects of the topic and excluding others zConsider time and research constraints zBrainstorming can help categorize different aspects of your topic.
Refining the Topic and Purpose: Forming a Specific Speech Purpose zSpecific speech purpose: expresses both topic and general purpose in action form and in terms of the speakers specific objectives. zWhat is it about my topic that I want to affect the audience with?
From Topic and Purpose to Thesis zThesis statement: the theme or central idea of the speech. zSpecific purpose: states in action form what you want to achieve with the speech.
From Topic and Purpose to Thesis zMaking a Claim zMaking the Thesis Statement Relevant and Motivating
From Topic and Purpose to Thesis: Making a Claim zThe thesis statement proposes that the statement being made is true or is believed. zWithout the thesis, the audience cannot easily follow the speech body.
From Topic and Purpose to Thesis: Making the Thesis Statement Relevant and Motivating zRelevant statements can be created by adding a few key words or phrases zThe exact phrasing of your thesis depends on the type of audience