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THE FRENCH REVOLUTION CRISIS OF THE FRENCH MONARCHY Louis XV 1715-1774 & Louis XVI (1774-1792) DEBT TAXES Peasants shoulder tax burden but have the least.

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Presentation on theme: "THE FRENCH REVOLUTION CRISIS OF THE FRENCH MONARCHY Louis XV 1715-1774 & Louis XVI (1774-1792) DEBT TAXES Peasants shoulder tax burden but have the least."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE FRENCH REVOLUTION CRISIS OF THE FRENCH MONARCHY Louis XV & Louis XVI ( ) DEBT TAXES Peasants shoulder tax burden but have the least money ARISTOCRACY & CLERGY Aristocracy wants more influence & clergy protect entitlements ENLIGHTENMENT liberty & equality of opportunity radical & revolutionary idea. Liberalism: primary role of govt to protect & promote rights of individual. Ideals of E. can be realized but not supported by the masses!

2 THE ESTATES GENERAL Duke of Orleans regent for LXV: parlements restored & absolutism challenged New tax increases attempted but failed under Louis XV Louis XV bad reputation hurt monarchy Louis XVI rule leads France towards financial crisis & political upheaval Louis XVI must call Estates General 1788: 1 st time since 1614

3 ESTATES GENERAL BECOMES NATIONAL ASSEMBLY JUNE 20, 1789 ORGANIZATION & VOTING 2 MAJOR ISSUES 3 RD DEMANDS THEY ALL SIT TOGETHER OLD REGIME CEASED TO CORRESPOND W/ SOCIAL REALITY OF 1780S TENNIS COURT OATH – role of 3 rd estates middle class CONSTITUTIONAL MON- ARCHY: LIBERTY GUARAN- TEED BY LAW

4 THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY LIMITED MONARCHY – 1 ST STAGE OF THE REVOLUTION DECLARATION OF THE RIGHTS OF MAN NATIONALIZED CHURCH PROPERTY ESTABLISHED METRIC SYSTEM CONFLICT WITH CATHOLIC CHURCH 1 ST FAILURE ABOLISHED FRENCH NOBILITY AS A LEGAL ORDER SOME RELIGIOUS FREEDOM TO JEWS & PROTESTANTS

5 REVOLT OF THE POOR & OPPRESSED ECONOMIC DEPRESSION & AGRICULTURAL FAILURE SOARING PRICES OF BREAD STORM BASTILLE 7/14/89 GREAT FEAR; 8/4/79 ARIST- OCRACY RENOUNCES PRIV- ILEGES ROLE OF WOMEN 10/5/89 WOMEN MARCH THREATEN QUEEN & ROYAL FAMILY FORCED TO LIVE IN PARIS

6 THE RECONSTRUCTION OF FRANCE REFLECTIONS ON THE REVOLUTION IN FRANCE E. BURKE 1790 DEFENSE OF CONSERVATISM – REVOLUTION A MISTAKE A VINDICATION OF THE RIGHTS OF MAN 92 M. WOLLSTONECRAFT REVOLUTION ONLY WHEN RIGHTS ARE EXTENDED TO ALL PEOPLE REVOLUTION WELCOMED BY EUROPEAN MONARCHS INITIALLY BUT BEGIN TO FEAR POWER OF REVOLUTION & EUROPE PREPARES FOR WAR WITH FRANCE

7 POLITICAL REORGANIZATION JACOBINS DOMINATE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY 1791 MORE RADICAL REVOLUTION- ARIES THAN PREVIOUS REPS. DECLARE WAR ON PRUSSIA APRIL 1792 – if theyre going to declare war on us lets beat them to the punch. WAR BETWEEN FRANCE & EUROPE – GOES BADLY BUT PARIS IS SAVED RUMORS & RHETORIC CALLS FOR NEW NATIONAL ASSEMBLY MONARCHY DYING

8 THE SECOND REVOLUTION RAPID RADICALIZATION OF REVOLUTION FRANCE BECOMES A REPUBLIC 9/1792 DEATH OF LOUIS XVI 7/93 CONTINUATION OF WAR COMMITTEE OF PUBLIC SAFETY ROBESPIERRE REIGN OF TERROR


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