Presentation on theme: "Institute of Library Science Humboldt University Berlin Evaluation 29. /30. Januar 2003."— Presentation transcript:
Institute of Library Science Humboldt University Berlin Evaluation 29. /30. Januar 2003
Part 1: The Institute of Library Science mission aims of the Evaluation profile of the vacant C-4 professorship current state of the Institute : staff, learning programs, international relationships
Mission Our mission is to train and educate competent information specialists for the „Knowledge Society“ to do highly qualified research in the fields of: –management and usage of published information and knowledge. –modern information and knowledge management systems. We see - the library as a function rather than a location. - a narrow relationship to libraries and information services.
Aims of Evaluation to underline the general importance of library and information science profile of the vacant professorship: –linking together information science and library science –change from conventional to digital libraries –modern archiving –digital data, information and knowledge structures difficulty: finding an appropriate professional
Academic Programs 1+ 2 Magister: –classical curriculum, direct learning –interdisciplinary in combination with 1 or 2 other disciplines (history, economics, media science, computer science...) –450 students, 27 graduates in 2001/2002 PhD + Habilitation –50 students in PhD-course –3 post-doc students
Academic Programs 3 +4 Distance Learning Programs Library and information science M.A. LIS –post graduate, 2 years, 1.250 EUR/sem., 86 stud., 60 grad./year –10 days of presence at IB/sem. –distance learning materials on the internet –almost no drop-outs Library and information science M.A. LIS as state examination –students have the practical training as civil servants in a library, among others HU
Academic programs 5 Distance Learning Programs Library and information science Magister / M.A. in Cooperation with the Univ. Koblenz-Landau. In spite of positive evaluation, Univ. K.-L. sees problems to continue –40 students –2 disciplines necessary –teleconferencing, E-Mail –distance learning materials on the internet
Research projects mentioned 1 (more: see personal presentations) 1995 Media behaviour and library usage before and after the german reunification 1998 German-Russian glossary on online information resources 1999 Modelling an experimental Meta-Opac for Berlin and Brandenburg 2000 Modelling an innovative search-engine for LID Shoptalk COLLNET...
Research projects mentioned 2 - doctoral thesis - (more: see personal presentations) Analysis of the fuzziness in database- and retrieval- systems – with a special consideration of redundancy (Simone Fühles-Ubach, 1997) Strategic and operational management of specialized information regarding credit-business (Martin Michelson, 1999) Types of guidance and cooperation in special libraries (Gerd Paul, 1999) Interpersonal competence and the potential of auto-renewal in academic libraries (Anna-Maria Huesmann, 2000)
Research projects mentioned 3 - doctoral thesis - (more: see personal presentations) Press-reporting on libraries - a computer-based content analysis (Martin Götz, 2000) The journal crisis: development and future of electronic journals (Alice Keller 2000) Competencies for special librarians: a survey regarding demands on and qualification of employees in internal information-departments (Gudrun Behm-Steidel, 2001)
Research projects mentioned 4 - doctoral thesis - (more: see personal presentations) Retrieval languages of internet-based information systems (Jörg Willenborg, 2001) Empirical surveys of the Information demands of literature translators as a Standard for a special library for translators (Regina Peeters, 2002) Copyright and the supply of electronic resources in libraries – a clash of interests (Gabriele Beger, 2002)
International Relationship 1 students and doctorands from more than 20 countries, esp. in the distance learning programs students’ practical training abroad COLLNET Sokrates exchange of lecturers and students: University of Vilnius, Lithuania
International Relationship 2 - personal - Umstätter: China, Iran, Venezuela Wagner-Döbler: China, PL Umlauf: invited to lectures on conferences and workshops in AU, CH, F, I, SLO, LIT
Strengths - Weaknesses strengths: –distance learning programs –textbooks –connections to German Society for Science Studies + COLLNET –research output, e.g. doctoral degrees in comparison with number of staff –very broad range of topics in research and publications weaknesses: –vacant professorship, reduced staff –international relationship –research concerning digital libraries –DFG does not fund library science, only library infrastructure
Part 2 : Library Science in Germany Walther Umstätter background of the Institute library science and documentation scientific library education in Germany library science and the „information century“ state and trends of scientific workflow
Background of the Institute 1921 Göttingen Berlin 1928 established in Berlin (till 1932) 1955 reestablished in the GDR 1994 reestablished in the reunified FRG 1995 contract for the transfer from FU Berlin 1996 contract was broken due to lack of money 1996 evaluation and reduction to two professors 2000 discussion about C4-professorship
C4-professorship I 2000-2001 visiting professor R. Kuhlen (University of Constance) information scientist 2001-2003 visiting professor R. Wagner-Döbler (University of Augsburg) librarian and scientometrician
C4-professorship II fact: Information science in Germany is much more separated from library science, than in USA (NLM, IAIMS, UMLS, OCLC, XML, etc. cause: The leading position of Germany in Documentation till 1943 „Chemisches Zentralblatt“ „Gmelin“ (facts in anorganic chemistry) „Beilstein“ (facts in organic chemistry) „Referateblätter“ (publ. Springer in biomedicine) „Zentralblatt der Mathematik“ Goldberg, E. - Electronic Document Retrieval, and Vannevar Bush’s Memex ( M. Buckland: JASIS 43 (4) S. 284-294; 1992)
C4-professorship III This history has led to a schism between modern librarianship (Otlet and Lafontaine) called documentation and old fashioned librarianship. There is only one professor who received a habilitation for library science from Cologne – historical oriented. Modern oriented professors with a degree in library science are not available in Germany due to the lack of library science in Germany.
C4-professorship IV Universities of Applied Sciences in: Cologne, Darmstadt, Hamburg, Hanover, Leipzig, Potsdam, and Stuttgart without dissertations and habilitations. Information science without library science at Free University of Berlin (meanwhile closed) Düsseldorf, Hildesheim, Constance, Regensburg and Saarbrücken.
Library Science is based on Information Theory Definition: The library is an institution in which published information is gathered, organized, and made available under synoptic, economic, and archival aspects. Documentation 1905 Information Management (PRA) 1980 Knowledge Management (Brainpower) 1991 have been incorporated into librarianship during the last century
The 20 th century was the information century Boltzmann, L. 1872 EntropyBoltzmann, L. 1872 Entropy Fisher, R.A. 1925 Theory of statistical estimationFisher, R.A. 1925 Theory of statistical estimation Hartley, R.V.L.1928 Transmission of InformationHartley, R.V.L.1928 Transmission of Information Nyquist, H. 1928 Bandwidth - Telegraph TransmissionNyquist, H. 1928 Bandwidth - Telegraph Transmission Kolmogorov, A.N.1942ComplexityKolmogorov, A.N.1942Complexity Wiener, N. 1943 Filter theory – Cybernetics; Maxwell. J.C.Wiener, N. 1943 Filter theory – Cybernetics; Maxwell. J.C. Tukey, J.W. 1943 Bit – Weinberg ReportTukey, J.W. 1943 Bit – Weinberg Report Shannon C.E. 1948 CryptographyShannon C.E. 1948 Cryptography Weaver, W. 1949 CryptographyWeaver, W. 1949 Cryptography
21 th cent. seems to be the century of knowledge production knowledge management, -measurement, -companies, -bases, - acquisition, -engineerig, -era,... The Digital Library in companion with Internet is the fundement of the modern assembly line of scientific knowledge production. libraries can manage only the explicit dimension of knowledge science = innovative knowledge production libraries = library and knowledge centres knowledge = evidence based information, measured in bit 3 dimensions: reliability, precision, compression
MEDLARS was the first controlling system in science. Harnack tried to define the focus of that professorship: The professorship of library science should be part of national economic fields, however as part of the intellectual economy. (”Die Professur für Bibliotheks- wissenschaften gehört in den Kreis der nationalökono-mischen Fächer, aber der geisteswirtschaftlichen.” ) Vossische Zeitung 27.7.1921 Information ist not a commodity as all others. It is quite different.
Project: Cooperation in Science 1997-2000 Project of Society for Science Studies: Biosciences in Berlin-Brandenburg. 2001 Project: Research and cooperation at German universities. COLLNET - International cooperation in science and Technology Prof. Liang Liming Henan Normal University in Xinxiang
DFG-Project: „Magdeburgstudie“ 1995: Media behaviour and library-usage before and after the German reunification (1988/1993) at the administrative district of Magdeburg/Saxony-Anhalt
Database Projects German-Russian glossary on online- information-resources and –means Modeling of an experimental meta-opac for the region of Berlin-Brandenburg Shoptalk - Modeling of an innovative search engine for library, information and documentation
Interdisciplinarity described by Bradford’s Law of Scattering
Collaboration I 1900 1 paper / 1 author per year 2000 4 papers / 4 authors per year Trend: Little Science Big Science
Collaboration II Authors with few publications and such with many publications have the same share. That means, newcommers and most experienced work together.
Journals in a library are used similar to the maximum entropy principle
„Graduiertenkolleg“ The Future of Knowledge Management together with cognitive ergonomics Fraunhofer Competence Center for KM artificial intelligence organizational psychology economic computer science and others ILS delivered a proposal to DFG (2002) to establish post-graduate interdisciplinary Ph.D. studies
Roland Wagner-Döbler Educated and working as librarian 1973-1979, 1985/86 Studies of social sciences and theory of science; Dr. phil. 1989; DFG granted scientist 1990-1993 DFG scholarship; 1997 habilitation in theory of science and science studies, Univ. of Augsburg (Prof. Mainzer, Prof. Stammen) From 1987: independent Information Broker, from 1997 consulting on retrospective digitizations, from 2002 own business
The Institute‘s Attraction Many students from many disciplines Outstanding high potential for interdisciplinary cooperation E.g. opportunity to join 2002 a working group for the preparation of DFG funded post-graduate studies on Knowledge Management (Graduiertenkolleg) Thus cooperation and exchange with institutes of Artificial Intelligence, Economical Computer Science, Organization Psychology, Cognitive Ergonomics, and others (cf. A. Debons: Information science, an integrated view, already 1988)
Research in Scientometrics and Bibliometrics since about twelve years; practical background: own digitization of numerous bibliographies and catalogues special interest in long-term dynamics of scientific, inventive, and cultural activities theoretical background: William Goffman‘s epidemic information theory; economic growth theory new mathematical approaches in the analysis of growth dynamics (joint work with collegues at this Institute since 2002; to be presented in Peking, this August)
Examples for Applications e.g. in legal sciences (Anglo-American case law compared with continental law via analysis of legal decision citations) e.g. in mathematics or physics: statistics of mathematics and physics among further applications: international comparative library holdings analysis (running project seminar at this Institute) applications even in the history of chess...
Bibliometrics: combining data mining and library science Bibliometrics as an emerging subdiscipline of library and information science (I. Wormell) (cf. forthcoming special issue of „Information Technology and Libraries“ on „Bibliomining“) Increasing importance in digital information environments Increasing importance of bibliometrically-backed visualizations and mappings Increasing international attention (cf. e.g. the semi-classic „Bibliometric lines in the sand“ by H. Moed (and coauthor) on nuclear research in Iraque, in „Nature“, 1996).
Back to the Roots flourishing traditions and pre-ideas also in Germany e.g. Wilhelm Dilthey‘s suggestion to analyze library holdings in a quantitative [!] manner (at the end of the 19th century, in this university) e.g. A. v. Harnack‘s aperçu on future library science as „Nationalökonomik des Geistes“ meaning rational organization of knowledge and: tradition of library science and librarianship as servants for self-organization of knowledge, science, and human development
Future of Library Science I Library science should not vanish in computer science, but cannot live without close cooperation with computer science University library science should be primarily a „theoretical service“, a theory service for practical work, not a practical service Library science and knowledge organization are increasingly conceived of as two sides of the same coin
Future of Library Science II Increasing interest of Library and Information Science in Knowledge Management (cf. special issues of the Journal of the Amer. Soc. for Information Science and Technology; or IFLA Reader, to appear in Aug. 2003) Increasing interest of libraries and Information Professionals to understand themselves as Knowledge Management actors
Konrad Umlauf Fields of Research and Teaching: –Collection building –Book- and mediamarkets –Library management –Public libraries textbooks positioning in student evaluation of teaching
Participation in Research Projects -1- Revision of ASB (General classification for public libraries) –project group : DBI (German Library Institut) (1993-1999) –bibliometric analysis of stock –new classes, deleted classes –revision of terminology
Participation in Research Projects - 2 - AVÖB : Connecting the german wage agreement for public services with the tasks in public libraries goal: less arbitrary, more „fair“ payment of librarians –List and standardized description of tasks –„price tag“ for each task
Participation in research projects - 3 - EFIL= Development and support of innovative learning enviroments in public libraries DIE = German Institute for Adult Education –Empirical research regarding aspects of presentation and shelving and its impact on the optimization of learning and usage –Results concerning informal learning –Several articles, e.g. focused on the value of networking for optimal learning, the changes in german libraries concerning learning settings
Warenkunde Buch 1 will be published in February 2003, by Harrassowitz Publishing House is focused on topical aspects, structures and trends of the contemporary german speaking bookmarket Methods: –literature studies, esp. bookseller journals –interviews with booksellers –bibliometric analysis of German Books in Print –subject analysis of German Books in Print
Warenkunde Buch 2 starting point = official classification of German Books in Print (Warengruppensystematik = article groups )
Warenkunde Buch 3 Problems of the official classification: - unclear definition of classes, e.g. –some classes = subject orientated –other classes = target group orientated –i.e. mixture of scientific classification and reader interest classification - inconsistencies in usage, e.g. –different ed. of the same titel in different classes –many titles in questionable or wrong classes
Warenkunde Buch 4 Analysis and description of each article group concerning: –content –number of titles number of copies, sales –prices and marketing strategies –type of editions (hardcover, softcover, pocket books...) –importance of nonprint media
Warenkunde Buch 5 some results – content: –chemistry: almost no popular books (≠ physics), high amount of english –no clear segregation between academic and popular literature at history, but at science –surprisingly many popular titles at mathematics –increase of comedy-productions on CD –fast changing, short running fashions at wellness at beauty –rise and fall of certain topics, e.g. trademark cookbooks, balanced scorecard –surprisingly special subjects at popular books, e.g. collecting thimbles
Warenkunde Buch 6 some results – titles/sales: –decreasing sales of children‘s books per title –decreasing sales of pocket books per title –dramatically decreasing sales of scientific books except for some textbooks –increasing number of new available titles each year
Warenkunde Buch 7 some results – prices and marketing strategies –almost impossible, to predict the success of a title –tendencies to „cannibalism“ at some segments, esp. arts, fiction –target groups topics and article groups
Warenkunde Buch 8 some results – issues –dramatically reduction of the number of original issues among pocket books –steady state is an overwhelming number of different bible editions –deciding regarding different editions depends on presentation and consultation
Warenkunde Buch 9 some results – nonprint –very import at medicine, children, traffic (videos on railways) –increase at fiction, reference books –breakdown at travel guides –surprisingly unimportant at sports
Erfolgreiches Management...1 Successful Management of libraries and information services. Hamburg: Dashöfer 2002
Erfolgreiches Management...2 Handbook for professionals Editors : Hans-Christoph Hobohm & Konrad Umlauf Authors : Gabriele Beger, Roland Bertelmann, Peter de Boekhorst, Petra Hätscher, Hans-Christoph Hobohm, Benno Homann Dagmar Jank, Alice Keller, Ulrich Naumann, Britta Pouwels, Heike Schiffer, Konrad Umlauf,....
Erfolgreiches Management...3 Contents: –basics of management –quality management –mission statement, corporate identity –staff management, staff development –budgeting, controlling, investment and costing –public relations –information services, management of learning centers, collection building –legal issues, copyright
Erfolgreiches Management...4 presentation: –checklists –clear lists of the most useful literature and „hand- picked“ www-links –diagrams –extensive index although a handbook, it covers new aspects, e.g. : –a checklist for evaluating an appropiate advertising agency –spreadsheets to calculate staff required
Medienkunde 1 Media science for information professionals Publ. Harrassowitz 2000 All kinds of nonprint media except online publications, i.e. CD, CD-ROM, DVD, video, computer games, slides, microforms...
Medienkunde 2 Questions for all media types: –content in relation to format, e.g. Jazz on MC vanished, but literature expands –markets and marketing, e.g. in the 90th booktrade was the most important distribution channel for video –Cross media tendencies, e.g. „ based-on-video-game“-movies: virtual characters, designed for computer games make a career as movie figures (Tomb Raider..), digitalization: printed books move into CD-ROMs – but how do they change? –library practice: collection building, cataloging, usage...
Bestandsaufbau an Öffentlichen Bibliotheken 1 Collection building in public libraries, Klostermann 1996 the main manual and textbook for this topic in german It provides not only a compilation of all known aspects, but: –new conceptions –new methodological tools –the first German reception of roles for information logistics following ALA
Bestandsaufbau an Öffentlichen Bibliotheken 2 goals and objectives in collection building in relationship to goals of the community and society methods and tools incl. Conspectus analysis of practice in German libraries based on bibliographic analysis: neglect of other roles than popular media centers
Many thanks for your attention. Have a nice day. 29. January 2003