Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Standards and IEEE Standards Development Howard Wolfman IEEE Workshop on Engineering Standards 12 February 2011."— Presentation transcript:
Introduction to Standards and IEEE Standards Development Howard Wolfman IEEE Workshop on Engineering Standards 12 February 2011
What are Standards? Standards are published documents that establish specifications and procedures designed to ensure the reliability of the materials, products, methods, and/or services people use every day. Standards address a range of issues, including but not limited to various protocols that help ensure product functionality and compatibility, facilitate interoperability and support consumer safety and public health. Standards form the fundamental building blocks for product development by establishing consistent protocols that can be universally understood and adopted.
What are Standards? Standards fuel compatibility and interoperability and simplify product development, and speed time-to- market. Standards make it easier to understand and compare competing products. As standards are globally adopted and applied in many markets, they also help with international trade. It is only through the use of standards that the requirements of interconnectivity and interoperability can be assured. Standards fuel the development and implementation of technologies that influence and transform the way we live, work and communicate.
Standards Development Organizations (SDOs) Process of developing a standard is typically facilitated by a Standards Development Organization (SDO) SDOs adhere to fair and equitable processes that ensure the highest quality outputs and reinforce the market relevance of standards. SDOs such as IEEE, International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), International Organization for Standardization (ISO), and others offer time-tested platforms, rules, governance, methodologies, and services that objectively address the standards development lifecycle, and help facilitate the development, distribution and maintenance of standards.
Standards Development Organizations Most countries have some form of standardizing activities. –Many participate in regional and international standardization activities. –Some countries have a number of standards development organizations. While the goals of each SDO are essentially the same, each applies its own rules, processes, terminology to the standards development process.
Who participates in standards development Stakeholders and Interested Parties –Individuals –Industry/Companies –Government/Federal Agencies –Public
IEEE Standards Association (SA) Oversees development of standards within IEEE Global Membership –Over 7,000 individual members –127 corporate members –Approximately 20,000 participants Broad Standards Portfolio –Approximately 1,000 active standards –Approximately 400 standards in development Governed by volunteers An independent organization –Participants come together to develop standards independent of any government organization
IEEE-SA Mission To enable and promote the collaborative application of technical knowledge to advance economic and social well-being To ensure: Global and timely market relevance Technical integrity and excellence Collaboration and community building Consensus Due process Openness Right of appeals Balance WTO Core Principles IEEE-SA Values
IEEE-SA Global Strategy Maintain a strong global standards perspective in IEEE Leverage IEEE expertise, competence, track record, and processes to achieve global standards goals Provide a forum to develop market-relevant standards Recognize and promote –Emerging technologies –Standards life cycle requirements –Regulatory harmonization –Society betterment
IEEE Standards Are Pervasive Address a broad spectrum of technologies Aerospace Electronics Bioinformatics Broadband Over Power Lines Broadcast Technology Clean Technology Cognitive Radio Design Automation Electromagnetic Compatibility Green Technology LAN/MAN Medical Device Communications Nanotechnology National Electrical Safety Code Next Generation Service Overlay Networks Organic Components Portable Battery Technology Power Electronics Power & Energy Radiation/Nuclear Reliability Transportation Technology Test Technology
IEEE-SA Agreements Agreements in place or under development in: China Japan Korea Europe Canada Middle East Brazil South Africa
IEC/IEEE Dual Logo Agreement Approved IEEE Standards are eligible for submission –IEC adoption takes about six months IEC national members have the same rights regarding adoptions as with other IEC standards Dual Logo Standards currently exist in: –Design Automation –Microprocessors –Switchgear –Transformers Joint Development addendum to agreement enables both organizations to work collaboratively –Joint copyright and distribution rights –Maintenance procedures developed
ISO/IEEE PSDO Agreement Addresses adoptions and joint development work Covers the following areas: ISO TC 204: Intelligent transportation ISO TC 215: Point-of-care medical device standards ISO/IEC JTC 1 ― SC 6 LAN/MAN ― SC 7 Software Engineering ― SC 22 POSIX ― SC 25 Microprocessors ― SC 31 Sensor Technology ― SC 36 Learning Technology
International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and IEEE The IEEE is a Sector Member of –ITU-R (Radio Communications) –ITU-T (Telecommunications) –ITU-D (Developing Nations) Example technical areas –Radio regulatory activities –Mobile broadband wireless access Joint workshops –2009: Geneva Auto Show Networked Car Workshop –2008: ITU-T/IEEE Workshop on Next Generation Optical Access Systems –2007: ITU-T/IEEE Workshop on Carrier-Class Ethernet
Board of Governors (BOG) Legal & fiduciary, strategy, policy, finance, Bus Dev, International, Appeals, Awards Standards Board (SASB) Standards Process SCC Oversight Corporate Advisory Group (CAG) Corporate Program Strategy Sponsor Sponsors Societies, Standards Coordinating Committees, CAG, etc. Standards Working Groups/ Projects ISTO IEEE-SA Governance Structure
IEEE Sponsors Organization within IEEE that assumes responsibility for a particular standards idea Takes responsibility for the technical content of the document and provides oversight Responsible for determining the scope and nature of the technical content Not a financial sponsorship IEEE already has a large number of Sponsors –There are the various societies within the IEEE –Within those societies, there are often many committees that are active in standards development
IEEE-SA Development Groups Technical Society/Sponsor Subcommittees Project Groups
IEEE Standards Development: Getting Started Technical Determine technical area of interest Existing? Is IEEE already working in this area? = Join existing group (Working groups)http://grouper.ieee.org/groups/index.html (Projects)http://standards.ieee.org/db/status/index.shtml (Join ballot)http://standards.ieee.org/db/balloting/ballotform.html New! New area of interest = Begin new project Contact IEEE-SA staff
What do good standards offer? A balanced blend of: Technical alternatives Economic needs Global requirements
IEEE-SA Individual and Corporate Standards Development Open, consensus process Individual standards development –Each individual has one vote Corporate standards development –One company/one vote Results frequently adopted by national, regional, and international standards bodies
Five principles guide standards development Ensuring integrity and wide acceptance for IEEE standards IEEE Standards Development IEEE standards follow the standardization principles as stated by the WTO
Due Process Develop operating procedures Publish and make procedures available Follow procedures
Openness Everyone has access to the process; Make information and actions publicly available for examination; Include all materially interested and affected parties; Avoid antitrust situations/appearance of collusion; Opportunity to participate does not necessarily mean membership or a vote
Consensus Agreement among the majority –Not 100% agreement Defined in the IEEE Sponsor balloting rules as 75% of 75%
Consensus Obligation to the majority –Approve and make available expeditiously Obligation to the minority –Attempt to resolve comments
Balance Representation from all materially interested and affected parties –Goal for development Encourage participation during standard’s draft development stages –Mandatory for balloting Lack of dominance by any one interest group Common categories for interest groups: Producer, user, and general interest
Right of Appeal The right to initiate a challenge of the process Bases of appeal can be –Technical (within Sponsor) –Procedural
Three Choices for Standardization Standards −Documents with mandatory requirements Recommended Practices –Documents with preferred procedures and positions Guides –Documents with suggested approaches to achieve good practice but with no clear-cut recommendations
Determination of Method Developers can choose the appropriate venue for development, depending on technology –Individual (one person, one vote) –Corporate (one company, one vote) Type of standards development indicated at time of project approval Can change during standards development –Recommended to use same type of planned balloting method for development method Once project enters ballot, method cannot change –Because ballot group must remain stable
DEVELOPMENT PROCESS IEEE-SA Standards
IEEE Standards Development: Process Flow
IEEE Standards Development: Project Authorization A project may be started by any individual or company Each project must be supported by a technical group in the IEEE –Referred to as a “Sponsor” –Official developer of standard Projects approved through document called Project Authorization Request (PAR) –Summarizes details of project
IEEE Standards Development: Develop Draft Standard Standard is written by working group –Working group consists of developers interested in creating the standard Working group chooses way to create first draft document –Group writes initial draft –Draft developed from existing documents and specifications Draft document refined in working group through multiple iterations and review
IEEE Standards Development: Consensus process Consensus is determined through a ballot Interested persons or organizations are invited to ballot on draft standards Ballot group receives document, reviews it, and votes/comments on it –Vote yes (approve), no (disapprove), abstain –Can offer comments on document as well Ultimate approval of standard is granted by IEEE-SA Standards Board
Publication & Maintenance Standard published after approval Standard is valid for 5 years after approval –After 5 years, must be revised, reaffirmed, or withdrawn
Summary Standards form the fundamental building blocks for product development by establishing consistent protocols that can be universally understood and adopted. Standards fuel the development and implementation of technologies that influence and transform the way we live, work and communicate. The IEEE Standards Association –Fosters an environment of mutual respect amongst all participants. –Recognizes the value of partnership and collaboration. IEEE standards –Strive to achieve a balanced blend of technical alternatives, economic/market needs, and political views. –Adhere to five imperative principles of standards development
Resources The Ten Commandments for Effective Standards: Practical Insights for Creating Technical Standards, by Karen Bartleson, Synopsys Press, May 2010.
Contacts Howard Wolfman, Principal, Lumispec Consulting Jennifer McClain, Program Manager, IEEE Standards Education