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Doc.: IEEE 11-13/0556r1 Submission May 2013 Minho Cheong (ETRI)Slide 1 Wi-Fi Interference Measurement in Korea (Part I) Date: 2013-05-15 Authors: NameAffiliationsAddressPhoneemail.

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Presentation on theme: "Doc.: IEEE 11-13/0556r1 Submission May 2013 Minho Cheong (ETRI)Slide 1 Wi-Fi Interference Measurement in Korea (Part I) Date: 2013-05-15 Authors: NameAffiliationsAddressPhoneemail."— Presentation transcript:

1 doc.: IEEE 11-13/0556r1 Submission May 2013 Minho Cheong (ETRI)Slide 1 Wi-Fi Interference Measurement in Korea (Part I) Date: Authors: NameAffiliationsAddressPhone Minho CheongETRI161 Gajeong-dong, Yuseong-Gu, Daejoen, Korea Hyoung Jin KwonETRI161 Gajeong-dong, Yuseong-Gu, Daejoen, Korea Jae Seung LeeETRI161 Gajeong-dong, Yuseong-Gu, Daejoen, Korea Sok-Kyu LeeETRI161 Gajeong-dong, Yuseong-Gu, Daejoen, Korea

2 doc.: IEEE 11-13/0556r1 SubmissionSlide 2 Abstract This document supports one prediction on when Korea’s 5GHz band will be also saturated by Wi-Fi devices and some simple measurement results on Wi-Fi hotspot in Korea. Minho Cheong (ETRI) May 2013

3 doc.: IEEE 11-13/0556r1 Submission Contents Introduction When will 5GHz band be saturated? –Without Wi-Fi tech. enhancement Wi-Fi Interference Measurements in Korea –Scenario #1 (Train Station) –Scenario #2 (Underground Mall) –Comparison between two scenarios Conclusion and Next steps May 2013 Slide 3Minho Cheong, ETRI

4 doc.: IEEE 11-13/0556r1 Submission Introduction Current Status of 2.4GHz/5GHz Unlicensed Band and Wireless Devices  IEEE b/g : 2.4GHz, IEEE a/ac : 5GHz, IEEE n : 2.4/5GHz  IEEE (Bluetooth): 2.4GHz  IEEE /4a(low rate WPAN/ZigBee): 2.4GHz  Microwave oven(2450MHz), Cordless phone(2.4/5GHz), Video Transceiver (2.4/5GHz)  Wireless Speaker (2.4/5GHz), Some harmonics of cellular (2.4GHz) Interference sources  Wi-Fi interferences from OBSS (at the same channel or the overlapped channels)  Non-Wi-Fi interferences May 2013 Slide 4Minho Cheong, ETRI

5 doc.: IEEE 11-13/0556r1 Submission Introduction 2.4GHz band and 5GHz band – GHz, GHz are now under consideration –In Korea, GHz cannot be used for Wi-Fi due to the Broadcast relay service May 2013 Slide 5Minho Cheong, ETRI Band 20MHz (13 Channels) 2400~2483.5MHz (83.5MHz) Band 20MHz (19 Channels) 40MHz (9 Channels 80MHz (4 Channels) 160MHz (1 Channels) 5.15~5.35GHz (200MHz) 5.47~5.65GHz (180MHz) 5.725~5.825GHz (100MHz) Broadcast (75MHz)

6 doc.: IEEE 11-13/0556r1 Submission Introduction Current Status of Wi-Fi Deployment in Korea  Over 50 % of cellular traffic is already offloaded to the Wi-Fi  World-most density of AP deployment for Seoul metropolitan area Use of Wireless controllers  Have been widely used for security, billing, data gathering, et, al. since May 2013 Slide 6Minho Cheong, ETRI Until Until Until KT42,00067,00099,000 SKT17,00041,00060,000 LGU+160,000*765,000*1,282,000* Total219,000873,0001,441,000 * Wi-Fi in the fixed phone included [Ref] : Jae-Hyun Kim, ‘Wi-Fi Workshop’ )

7 doc.: IEEE 11-13/0556r1 Submission Introduction Potential Sources of the saturation of Wi-Fi band Radio interferences from neighboring Wi-Fi and non-Wi-Fi  Statistical analysis of Korea’s regulation body says that  40~60% degraded by microwave oven, 23% degraded by RFID, 13% degraded by Bluetooth  6~95% degraded by co-channel interferences from other Wi-Fi’s Lack of shared information among neighboring AP’s about each other  Mitigation of Wi-Fi interferences cannot be possible now Various generations of Wi-Fi devices are inevitably co-existed  Network throughput may be approaching very low due to legacy devices and conventional beaconing with very low data rate Lots of waste of air-time due to flooding during probe response  When initial selection of channels, packets flooding may be induced highly depending on the channel condition and number of STAs to be associated May 2013 Slide 7Minho Cheong, ETRI

8 doc.: IEEE 11-13/0556r1 Submission When will 5GHz be saturated without Wi-Fi technology enhancement? As well-known, Korea has world-most deployment density of hot spots in Seoul metropolitan area. A couple of years ago, 2.4GHz band is already too saturated to try any internet access in downtown in Seoul. Since then, lots of new Wi-Fi devices (firstly n, nowadays quickly transferring to ac) has explosively been spread at the 5GHz band mainly from huge number of smart-phones. FYI, all three biggest Korea’s operators have already done their deployment of 4G-LTE nationwide and more than 50% of Korea’s cellular traffic is already being offloaded to Wi-Fi, which may result in very quick saturation of 5GHz band as well. So, it seems very meaningful to predict on when Korea’s 5GHz band will be saturated again without any Wi-Fi technology enhancement, as a typical benchmark to other countries as well. May 2013 Slide 8Minho Cheong, ETRI

9 doc.: IEEE 11-13/0556r1 Submission When will 5GHz be saturated without Wi-Fi technology enhancement? In order to partially solve this problem, Korea government announced “Channel Usage Guideline for 2.4GHz Band” on Jan. 18,  Recommend to use channel 1 or 5 or 9 or 13  Recommend to use Bandwidth smaller than 22MHZ  Recommend to set an easily-readable SSID However, contrary to the intention,  This guideline seems not to have success  Because of many private AP’s which does not follow the recommendation May 2013 Slide 9Minho Cheong, ETRI [Ref] KCC’s Guideline (since )

10 doc.: IEEE 11-13/0556r1 Submission When will 5GHz be saturated without Wi-Fi technology enhancement? Let me compare these two following cases each other –Utilization of 2.4GHz band in 2010 vs. utilization of 5GHz band in 2015 –Note 1) Year 2010 is the year when Korea’s 2.4GHz is informed as quite saturated –Note 2) Year 2015 is believed as the first or second year ac will overwhelm n Firstly, when comparing the allowable frequency resources for Wi-Fi, Resource of 2.4GHz band vs. Resource of 5GHz band is almost 1 : 6 –Because currently allowable resource in 2.4GHz and 5GHz is 83MHz and 475MHz, respectively. Secondly, when comparing the weighted sum of “number of each type of device multiplied by its occupying bandwidth”), Estimated resource occupancy of 2.4GHz vs. 5GHz is almost 1 : 11 –Assuming 11a/b/g as 20MHz, 11n(40MHz), 11ac(80MHz for first 2 years, 160MHz for the subsequent days as a guess) –When estimating the number of each specific type of Wi-Fi devices, I accumulated during the latest a couple of years before the very year considered, thinking general life cycle of those. –I also referred to “InStat’ 2011, 2012” to estimate the number of Wi-Fi devices for each generation type in the following years. May 2013 Slide 10Minho Cheong, ETRI

11 doc.: IEEE 11-13/0556r1 Submission When will 5GHz be saturated without Wi-Fi technology enhancement? Additional considerations possible –Assuming the similar TX power regardless of Wi-Fi generation –802.11ac may be more vulnerable to interferences because it is more likely to have larger MCS’s than previous days –When ac overwhelms, there may come more kind of applications which is hardly imagined before –Because dynamic BW/channel switching with the use of the operating mode notification is made possible since ac, it may make some partially overlapped interferences in the frequency domain when it is not informed enough to other AP’s Prediction results –Saturation of 5GHz in 2015 may be 2 times worse than that of 2.4GHz in 2010 unless there is no big enhancement of the Wi-Fi technology. –It may be too big a potential problem to simply neglect the need of new tech. May 2013 Slide 11Minho Cheong, ETRI

12 doc.: IEEE 11-13/0556r1 Submission Hot-Spot Measurements In order to check the current severity of hot spot deployment in Korea, did some simple measurements in Seoul metropolitan area. –Train Station (Seoul KTX) much crowded with people –Underground Mall (COEX Seoul) crowded as well Measurements are done with the use of “AirMagnet Wi-Fi Analyzer” –can gather all the Wi-Fi data within a wide area (200m x 200m) –can analyze all the statistics of Wi-Fi signals May 2013 Slide 12Minho Cheong, ETRI

13 doc.: IEEE 11-13/0556r1 Submission Hot-Spot Measurements (Train Station, Seoul KTX) Measurements are done in a Train Station. –The number of AP’s is 351 and the number of STA’s is May 2013 Slide 13Minho Cheong, ETRI

14 doc.: IEEE 11-13/0556r1 Submission Hot-Spot Measurements (Train Station, Seoul KTX) May 2013 Slide 14Minho Cheong, ETRI There are not so many private AP’s relatively. Most of AP’s are good (and non-AP STA’s are new-fashioned, too)

15 doc.: IEEE 11-13/0556r1 Submission Hot-Spot Measurements (Train Station, Seoul KTX) May 2013 Slide 15Minho Cheong, ETRI Most of AP’s follow the 2.4GHz band recommendation. (Interference = co-channel + overlapped ch. + non-Wi-Fi)

16 doc.: IEEE 11-13/0556r1 Submission Hot-Spot Measurements (Underground Mall, COEX Seoul) Measurements are done in an Underground Mall. –The number of AP’s is 277 and the number of STA’s is 917. May 2013 Slide 16Minho Cheong, ETRI

17 doc.: IEEE 11-13/0556r1 Submission Hot-Spot Measurements (Underground Mall, COEX Seoul) There are so many private AP’s rather than operator-deployed. Most of AP’s are good (while non-AP STA’s are old-fashioned) May 2013 Slide 17Minho Cheong, ETRI

18 doc.: IEEE 11-13/0556r1 Submission Hot-Spot Measurements (Underground Mall, COEX Seoul) May 2013 Slide 18Minho Cheong, ETRI While most of operator-deployed AP’s follow the 2.4GHz band recommendation, it seems not to have big success due to relatively large number of private AP (most of them are legacy devices)

19 doc.: IEEE 11-13/0556r1 Submission Comparison between Two Scenarios May 2013 Slide 19Minho Cheong, ETRI “Underground Mall” seems to experience severer retrials and more air-time occupancy with the basic rate due to relatively large number of legacy devices(11b). Number of non-AP STA’s across Wi-Fi generations Ratio of number of data packets and other packets

20 doc.: IEEE 11-13/0556r1 Submission Comparison between Two Scenarios May 2013 Slide 20Minho Cheong, ETRI It can be seen that the more number of legacy devices or private AP’s (which are mainly not upgraded) make the severer throughput drop due to the quite more inefficient waste of air-time

21 doc.: IEEE 11-13/0556r1 Submission Conclusion & Next Steps It is checked in the field that quasi-super-dense deployment scenarios can become quite worse if there are non-negligible number of private AP’s or legacy devices(11b). More detailed analysis for 2.4GHz band (including the analysis of PER, average packet delay and real-time spectrum of Wi-Fi and non-Wi-Fi) may be additionally needed. Measurements and analysis may be needed also for 5GHz band in the future. May 2013 Slide 21Minho Cheong, ETRI


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